2019 Crosstrek Hybrid Owner’s Manual
Table of contents
|Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags||1|
|Keys and doors||2|
|Instruments and controls||3|
|Starting and operating||7|
|In case of emergency||9|
|Maintenance and service||11|
|Consumer information and Reporting safety defects||13|
- 🎉【2023 Upgraded Ver. of AL519/ ML519/ ML619】Autel develops the brand-new AutoLink AL619 as the advanced ver. of Autel ML519, AL519, AL319, MS309. This AL619 OBD2 scanner can scan ABS & SRS systems, and support 10 Modes of OBD II Diagnostics Function on Worldwide Vehicles to read, erase codes and turn off the MIL, ABS, SRS warning lights so that you can better maintain your car when related malfunctions occur and make your vehicle ready for the annual test.
- 🎉【Accurate ABS/ SRS Diagnostics Functions】The ABS/ SRS diagnostic function is used to retrieve and clear codes from the ABS/ SRS systems. It can read and clear DTCs, show definitions of each code, display live data of multiple sensors in the graph to locate fault causes, and assist home mechanics to do the proper repair and clear ABS & Airbag warning lights. Diagnoses ABS/ SRS system codes on most 1996 and newer major vehicle models. Please email 📩 immoautel @ outlook. com 📩 for help.
- 🎉【All 10 Modes of OBD II Diagnostics Function】The OBD II Diagnostics function is a fast-access option that allows you to carry out a quick test on the engine system of OBD II vehicles. Read Codes, Erase Codes, Live Data, Freeze Frame, Retrieving I/M Readiness Status, O2 Monitor Test, On-Board Monitor Test, DTC Lookup, Component Test, Viewing Vehicle Information, Modules Present.
- 🎉【Live Data and Freeze Frame Data】With Live Data functions, Autel AL619 OBD2 diagnostic code reader allows you to view the live PID (Parameter Identification Data) of the vehicle's computer module(s) in text, graph to check the status of various sensors. And Freeze Frame Data enables you to view the vehicle's operating parameters at the moment a DTC is detected. These information will aid the technician by allowing the parameters to be duplicated for diagnostic and repair purposes.
- 🎉【DTC Lookup Feature】Besides showing you the code’s definition while you are reading the diagnostic trouble codes, AL619 features comparably user-friendly DTC Lookup Function which enables you to retrieve the definitions of any error codes from the large database of AL619, saving you from the hassle of wasting time searching definition of every code via Google.
- [2023 New Processor, Lifetime Free Update, No Subscription fee ] Faster! Stable! The CRP123X Elite car diagnostic scanner has a new processor, Android 7.0, 16GB of memory, 5-inch touchscreen (720P), 6100mAh rechargeable battery, One-touch Wi-Fi Lifetime Free update for more vehicle coverage, bug fixes,newly added parameters, and functionality to help you access, diagnose and fix more vehicles faster. SAVE AT LEAST $2000 PER YEAR.
- [Newly Added 3 RESET FUNCTIONS] 2023 New Ver. scan tool CRP123X Elite ADDS NEW SPECIAL FUNCTIONS--Throttle Adaptation, Oil Reset, SAS Reset. Before the trip to the mechanic, the launch crp123x elite can do deeper diagnosis for the car system and react with accurate data in minutes. Just Update the software of your CRP123X scanner, and you’ll get this high-end function at no charge.
- [Accurate & Intuitive Multi System Diagnosis] Will you be confused about what happens when the warning light of transmission, ABS, and SRS Airbag check engine flashes? Launch obd2 scanner diagnostic tool CRP123X to pinpoint the problem components for a faster diagnosis for your car instead of taking your car to the dealership, and will turn off the warning light for you after fixing the problem, make to know more about your cars and do your own repair.
- [Multiple Display of Live Data + DTC Code Definition Explanation] Launch car tools shows real-time data of oil temp, pressure, transmission temp, engine speed, coolant temperature, you will know which car part is abnormal. Data can be shown in a single, multi- graph, and merge two graphs for analysis（merge 4 PIDs in one). It’s convenient for car owners to purchase auto parts and replace it by yourself, 🔥Code Search,DTC Library provide massive information.
- [Auto VIN Smart Diagnostic&Wide Range of Vehicle Supported] Launch scanner autovin technology allows you to get your VIN and vehicle info rapidly (vehicle make, model, and year info), no need to take time to find your VIN and input one by one (Some models need to type it in manually.)It has newest car software. This car code reader support vehicle like passenger car, SUVs, minivans, 12V light-duty trucks, etc. produced by Asian, European, American, Indian, and more brands between 1996 and 2023.
- 【More Than a OBD Scanner】 Based on the NT301 FOXWELL Scanner, NT630 Plus takes OBD diagnostics to the next level by customizing all functions for ABS and SRS systems. From reading to resetting error codes, this srs abs scanner provides in-depth insights and the ability to reset services efficiently. Plug to the vehicle’s OBD2 port and follow the instructions to start diagnosis.
- 【NO.1 ABS Bleeder Scan Tool】 The brake pedal was always slowly sinking down or becoming loose? This abs brake bleeding scan tool will bleed the brake system by cycling the pump and valves to achieve a tight brake pedal. No need to cost hundreds to own a foxwell obd2 scanner with abs auto bleed can solve your issues. Refer to the step on the screen, even a beginner can do it.
- 【Not Only Error Code Erase】 Are you still pay for the reset functions one by one? The obd2 scanner with abs and srs can not only read car faults but also perform frequently required resetting services which other same priced scanners cannot do. Like airbag light reset/ SAS calibration/ Oil light reset and EPB service functions. This car scanner will make the components operates normally after part replaced and reset services.
- 【Also can Work like NT301】 The NT630 Plus car diagnostic scanner plugs to the OBD2 port directly. It scans all obd2 modules instantly, displays the live data, locates bad sensors and I/M readiness status before the annual inspection. Guides you to do the maintenance work, reduces the potential driving risk and keep a peak performance on the road.
- 【Complicate? Unreadable?】 Intuitive LCD display with clear operate instructions, even a beginner can diagnose the car faults with the NT630 Plus. Ergonomic Touch with anti-collision and anti-slip cover design, comfortable for daily car diagnose work. Unique button press sound will provide the overall tactile and visual experience to notice you a task has been completed or a command has been executed.
- 🎁 New Elite Version🎁 Easy to Use--Work out of Box🎁Function as LAUNCH CRP123E 🎁 Lifetime Update🎁 5 YEARS Back Up.
- [Engine/ABS/SRS/Transmission Diagnostic Tool]----The crp123 obd2 scanner is perfect balance of power and affordability, providing the ability to view preset, or user defined, live data streams for ENGINE, AT, ABS and SRS data, the ability to graph, record, replay and print data, read and resets codes for engine/abs/srs/transmission system.(Note: Does not work for other System and does not have Special services!)
- [Full OBDII Test Code Reader]----LAUNCH CRP123 scan tool supports all 10 modes of OBDII standard to ensure complete, accurate, system diagnosis. Read and Clear DTCs, do smog tests , I/M readiness and O2 sensor tests, Mode 06 EVAP system test, Mode 08 on-board test component test. And OBDII Code lookup tool and acronym database to assist and speed diagnosis and repair time.
- [Live Data Stream + Advanced OBDII Scanner + Lifetime Update]---- Launch crp123 scanner support for Generic OBDII Codes (P0, P2, P3 and U0); manufacturer specific codes (P1, P3 and U1); pending codes; freeze frame data; monitor and I/M readiness; live PCM stream data; graphing functionality for up to four (4) live data streams include the Engine Coolant Temperature, Long&Short Fuel Trim, the change of Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor , Throttle valve position , Generator load signal,Fuel Tank Pressure , Engine RPM, Intake Ait Temperature and so on; clears DTC codes and turns off the MIL; resets monitors; provides Data Link Connector (DLC) location hints.
- [Extensive Vehicle Coverage + 9 Languages]----The LAUNCH CRP123 reads data from ENGINE, TRANSMISSION, ABS and SRS systems from Asian, US and European manufacturers. Coverage includes Suzuki, Honda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Toyota, Mazda, Hyundai, Kia, Subaru, Infiniti, Lexus, Acura, Isuzu, Ford, GM, Chrysler, Benz, BMW, VW, Opel, Volvo, Fiat, Land Rover, Seat, Skoda, Audi, Porsche, Saab, Jaguar and many others. Support 9 different languages.
- 【Easy to Use--Work out of box】+【FOXWELL 2023 New Version】 FOXWELL NT604 Elite scan tool is the 2023 new version from FOXWELL, which is designed for those car owners who want to figure out the cause issue before fixing the car problem via scanning the most common systems like abs srs engine and transmission.The NT604 Elite diagnostic tool comes with latest software, which can be used out of box. No need to waste time to download the software first.
- 【Affordable】+【Reliable Car Health Monitor】 Will you be confused what happen when the warning light of abs/srs/transmission/check engine flashes? Instead of taking your cars to dealership, this foxwell scanner will help you do a thorough scanning and detection for your cars and pinpoint the root cause, which saves you time and money. It will t-urn off the warning light car after the problem is fixed.👉TIPS: Airbag crash/collision data can NOT be cleared even you replace the new airbag.
- 【5 in 1 Diagnostic Scanner】Compared with those auto scanners (50-100 USD), NT604 Elite code scanner not only includes their OBDII diagnosis but also it can be an abs/srs scanner, transmission and check engine code reader. When it’s an odb2 scanner, you can use it to check if your car is ready for annual test through I/M readiness menu. In addition, live data stream, built-in DTC library, data play back and print, all these features are a big plus for it.
- 【Fantastic AUTOVIN】+【No extra software fee】Through the AUTOVIN menu, this NT604 Elite car scanner allows you to get your V-IN and vehicle info rapidly, no need to take time to find your V-IN and input one by one. What's more, the NT604 Elite abs srs scanner supports 60+ car makes from worldwide (America/Asia/Europe). You don’t need to pay extra software fee.
- 【Solid protective case KO plastic carrying bag】+ 【Lifetime update】Almost all same price-level obd scanner diagnostic tool only offers plastic bag to hold on the scanner.However, NT604 Elite automotive scanner is equipped with solid protective case, preventing your obd2 scanner from damage. Then you don’t need to pay extra money to buy a solid toolbox.
- 【Multi-Function OBD2 Scanner】GODIAG GD203 code reader is a cost-effective products for your vehicle maintenance. This obd2 scanner does not only professional in checking the ABS/SRS systems, but also do a lot of special reset functions like Anti-lock Brake Reset, Electronic Park Brake Reset, Diesel Particulate Filter Reset, Oil Service Light Reset, TPMS, TPS/TBA, etc.
- 【ABS Bleeding Scan Tool】When the vehicle has replaced the ABS computer/ABS pump, replacing the brake master cylinder, brake cylinder, brake pipeline, and brake fluid, there may be air in the Car's ABS system. Our car diagnostic scanner can help you check for ABS bleeding, which you should perform the ABS bleeding to bleed the brake system to restore ABS braking sensitivity.
- 【ABS SRS Scan Tool】The function of airbags is to reduce the degree of injury to the people in the event of a vehicle collision. You need to check frequently whether the ABS SRS is functioning properly. Our code reader can help you find common airbag problems easily include: malfunctioning airbags, disconnected airbag wiring, and damaged airbag sensors.
- 【Oil Light Reset, EPA, SAS】If the brake pads are damaged, the brake pads should be replaced, and the brake pads need to be reset at the same time. When your car replaces the steering angle position sensor, the steering angle needs to be reset to find the relative zero where the car keeps driving straight. The oil light reset is required when the car oil or the mechanical parts that monitor oil life are replaced. Our obd2 scanner can do these jobs very well!
- 【Support 17 Languages and Multiple Car Models】Supported languages include English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Swedish, Italian, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Hungarian, Thai, Slovak, Dutch and Polish. This is a car scanner tool for ABS and SRS systems that supports most types of cars on the market. (Please Note: 28 special functions are excluded!)
- [ABS & SRS Scanner with Active Test] The ABS/ SRS diagnostic tool Read & clear DTCs, displays live data in a graph to locate the cause of faults and assists the home mechanic with repairs and clearing ABS and airbag warning lights. Active test sensors, valves or solenoids etc. and tracks any threats in real time. It is invaluable to have a diagnostic tool with Active Test feature that you will never find on similar ABS/ SRS scanners.
- 【3 HOP Reset Services 】Easy to set up 3 regular reset services for Oil Light, Battery Management System, and Steering Angle Position. With this obd2 scanner, you can reset the oil service light and reset pre-programmed mileage intervals for energy efficiency; adjust or reset the steering angle position to keep steering aligned; and clear the original low battery fault information. No need to leave home for shop-quality car maintenance.
- 【All OBD2 Test Modes 】 This ABS & SRS scan tool is also a full featured obd2 code reader, allowing a quick test of the engine system of OBD II vehicles, can Read/Clear engine light codes, Live Data, Freeze Frame, Retrieving I/M Readiness Status, O2 Monitor Test, On-Board Monitor Test, Evap Test, Read Vehicle Information, and help pass smog test for most post-1996 OBD2/CAN vehicles.
- [DTC LookUp Library] Can't read the code? Go to the DTC LookUp Library. The Topdon AL600 OBD2 scanner offers a wealth of code definitions so you don't have to look them up in a list or database, and the HELP function takes you to diagnostic tips for possible fixes, saving time searching for repair materials online. No other scan tool or code reader under $100 offers this level of assistance.
- [User-Oriented] You'll love the feel of this automotive scanner, with black rubber grips all around the outer edges for durability and to withstand accidental drops. With its easy access menu, you can operate all functions in minutes with just a few button presses. The 3-color LEDs give you a intuitive indication of the OBD2 test results in a second. 3 shortcut keys, one key to read/clear DTCs and a one-touch smoke status check make it easy to use even for beginners.
- 【Buy with Confidence】 As a America's No.1 diagnostic tool brand, Innova stands for innovation, quality, and accessibility in the automotive diagnostic industry. we are known for developing cutting-edge diagnostic tools that are user-friendly, reliable, and made for US by Americans.
- 【Unleash Your Drive's Potential】Much more than a car code reader, the 6100P scanner effectively reads and erases engine, ABS, SRS, and transmission codes for popular US car makes such as Ford, Chevy, Dodge, GM, etc. when the traction light is constantly on,the ability to really detect where the problem is concerning brakes and airbags enables you to make sure all safety measures in place before putting yourself in harm's way.
- 【Your Car's Health Doctor】Easily view procedures or send commands for oil change, mileage or driving time reset for most 1996 and newer OBD2 vehicles. it also monitors your oil level and oil life status, ensuring optimal vehicle health.
- 【Your Car's Personal Battery Guru】The Innova 6100P scanner is perfect for assessing the performance of the battery or alternator in your hybrid, car, SUV, minivan, or light truck diesel as well. During rough winters and scorching summers, this diagnostic tool will be invaluable when trying to root out start-up issues.
- 【Drive with Confidence and Peace】Quickly identify if your vehicle needs immediate attention with our Code Severity Levels function. This feature helps you understand whether you need to fix an issue immediately or if it can wait until you get home, keeping warning lights at bay.
- 🔧【PLUG AND PLAY - EASY TO USE】 : It only takes 3 steps to connect to the car for diagnosis without cumbersome operations. The latest FX2000 is equipped with a one-key diagnosis function, which can automatically identify the model and year of your car, and automatically diagnose the car. Even beginners can use it to read the data to find out what the fault codes mean, how serious the fault is and what options there are to fix it before you go to the repair shop.
- 🚗【FULL OBD-LEVEL DIAGNOSTICS】: Quickly determines the cause of engine system faults, reads current, permanent and pending codes. After the repair, clears the codes and turns off the warning light. In addition, the FX2000 also displays important OBD II advanced data such as fuel, live data and other manufacturer-specific parameters in real time to ensure that the engine ECU is operating correctly and safely, saving vehicle owners a lot of time and money in maintenance.
- 🚙【TRANSMISSION FAULT DIAGNOSTIC】: When noises start to come from the transmission, your car might have transmission problems. This transmission scanner will read fault codes, display live transmission system data (fluid temperature, fluid pump, clutch actuation, pressure, etc.), and ensures transmission performance is optimal for vehicle speed and load. It provides detailed TCM data of the vehicle, so you can quickly and accurately find existing or potential problems.
- 🚐【FIND OUT SRS WRONG】: It is able to read and clear fault codes in the SRS (airbag) and turn off the warning light to make sure the system is working correctly and safely. This diagnostic tool also displays a live graphical data stream of the supplemental restraint system (air bag), which allows you to analyze and verify that the air bag system is working properly.
- 🚌【ABS OBD2 SCANNER】:The FX2000 can read and clear the Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) data stream transmitted from the ABS. It can verify the operating conditions of the ABS through a series of bi-directional tests and turn off the warning light. By retrieving the ABS code data, it can check the various brake components and accurately diagnose problems.
- ABS/SRS OBD2 Scanner > Enjoy this ABS OBD2 code reader to reveal exact issues underlying in your brake, airbag, and engine systems, test individual ABS/SRS sensors, valves, or solenoids to quickly locate malfunctions (compatible with GM, Nissan, Fiat, Benz, Volvo, Land Rover, BMW, USA Ford), making sure critical safety systems work in perfect harmony together against accidents to be safe than sorry. NOTE: Only support upgrade on windows.
- 3 Most Needed Service Functions > This OBD2 scanner guides you through step by step procedures to reset oil service light and programmed mileage intervals for engine efficiency (Oil Reset); to calibrate steering wheel position for vehicle’s traveling in a straight line (SAS Reset); to clear the original low battery fault information against coming battery failures or damage (BMS Reset); saving your needless visits to mechanics.
- Full OBD2 Diagnostics > Say goodbye to the hassle of manual check-ups via this srs code reader. Quickly correct Check Engine Light warning on most OBD2/CAN compatible vehicles. Easily access to your smog status with one simple click I/M Readiness; and being filled with features for live data readings, freeze frame data, plus EVAP system, onboard monitor test means this scan tool checks all daily car care boxes.
- Work Easier > Red-Yellow-Green LEDs in this OBD2 scanner quickly show the overall DTC status without toggling through menu selections. HELP hotkey takes you directly to detailed descriptions/tips. Read/Erase DTC, I/M readiness shortcuts are added for optimized operation, along with DTC Lookup library for interpreting codes, designing the SRS OBD2 code reader a pleasure to use right out of the package even for beginners.
- Helpful Service > Get instant, free lifetime access to the most recent updates to add new car models and troubleshooting bugs making the OBD2 scanner a long-term investment for any home mechanics. The extended 1 years of quality assurance sweetens the worry-free deal even further. Multilingual Menu: EN, FR, ES, DE, IT, RU, PT, and JP. NOTE: Only support upgrade on windows.
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S11 11-1. Maintenance schedule 401 11-2. Maintenance precautions . 401 Before checking or servicing in the engine compartment 402 When checking or servicing in the engine compartment 402 When checking or servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is running 403 11-3. Engine hood 403 11-4. Engine compartment overview 405 11-5. Engine oil. 406 Engine oil consumption 406 Locations of the oil level gauge, oil filler cap and oil filter 406 Checking the oil level . 406 Changing the oil and oil filter 407 Recommended grade and viscosity. 408 Synthetic oil . 408 11-6. Cooling system . 408 Safety precautions 408 Cooling fan, hose and connections . 409 Engine coolant . 409 Inverter with converter assembly coolant 410 11-7. Air cleaner element. 411 Replacing the air cleaner element . 412 11-8. Spark plugs . 413 Recommended spark plugs. 413 11-9. Drive belts . 413 11-10. Continuously variable transmission fluid 413 11-11. Front differential gear oil and rear differential gear oil414 Recommended grade and viscosity 414 11-12. Brake fluid414 Checking the fluid level 414 Recommended brake fluid 415 11-13. Brake pedal 415 11-14. Replacement of brake pad415 Breaking-in of new brake pads . 416 11-15. Tires and wheels416 Types of tires . 416 Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) 416 Tire inspection . 418 Tire pressures and wear. 418 Wheel balance 420 Wear indicators 420 Rotational direction of tires 421 Tire rotation . 421 Tire replacement 421 Wheel replacement. 422 11-16. Alloy wheels.423 11-17. Windshield washer fluid423 Adding the windshield washer fluid 423 Windshield washer fluid . 423 11-18. Replacement of wiper blades .424 Windshield wiper blade assembly. 425 Window wiper blade rubber 426 Rear window wiper blade assembly 427 Rear window wiper blade rubber 427 11-19. 12 V battery429 Maintenance and service 11 11-20. Fuses . 430 11-21. Installation of accessories . 431 11-22. Replacing bulbs 432 Headlights 432 Front turn signal light . 432 Parking light. 432 Front fog light 432 Rear combination lights 432 Backup light . 434 License plate light 435 Map light 435 Vanity mirror light 435 Dome light and cargo area light 435 Other bulbs 436 11-23. Replacing key battery .436 Safety precautions . 436 Replacing battery of access key fob . 437 Maintenance and service 11-1. Maintenance schedule S11AA The scheduled maintenance items required to be serviced at regular intervals are shown in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. For details, read the separate “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. NOTE You can set a reminder to be displayed when a scheduled maintenance item is almost due. For details, refer to “Maintenance settings” FP226. 11-2. Maintenance precautions S11AB When maintenance and service are required, it is recommended that all work be done by an authorized SUBARU dealer. If you perform maintenance and service by yourself, you should familiarize yourself with the information provided in this section on general maintenance and service for your SUBARU. Incorrect or incomplete service could cause improper or unsafe vehicle operation. Any problems caused by improper maintenance and service performed by you are not eligible for warranty coverage. WARNING . Always select a safe area when performing maintenance on your vehicle. . Always be very careful to avoid injury when working on the vehicle. Remember that some of the materials in the vehicle may be hazardous if improperly used or handled, for example, battery acid. . Your vehicle should only be serviced by persons fully competent to do so. Serious personal injury may result to persons not experienced in servicing vehicles. . Always use the proper tools and make certain that they are well maintained. . Never get under the vehicle supported only by a jack. Always use safety stands to support the vehicle. . Never keep the hybrid system running in a poorly ventilated area, such as a garage or other closed areas. . Do not smoke or allow open flames around the fuel or battery. This will cause a fire. . Because the fuel system is under pressure, replacement of the fuel filter should be performed only by your SUBARU dealer. . Wear adequate eye protection to guard against getting oil or fluids in your eyes. If something does get in your eyes, thoroughly wash them out with clean water. . Do not tamper with the wiring of the SRS airbag system or seatbelt pretensioner system, or at- – CONTINUED – Maintenance schedule 401 Maintenance and service tempt to take its connectors apart, as that may activate the system or it can render it inoperative. NEVER use a circuit tester for this wiring. If your SRS airbag or seatbelt pretensioner needs service, consult your nearest SUBARU dealer. NOTE SUBARU does not endorse the use of non-SUBARU approved flushing systems and strongly advises against performing these services on a SUBARU vehicle. Non-SUBARU approved flushing systems use chemicals and/or solvents which have not been tested or approved by SUBARU. SUBARU warranties do not cover any part of the vehicle which is damaged by adding or applying chemicals and/or solvents other than those approved or recommended by SUBARU. & Before checking or servicing in the engine compartment S11AB01 WARNING . Always stop the engine and apply the parking brake firmly to prevent the vehicle from moving. . Always let the engine cool down. Engine parts become very hot when the engine is running and remain hot for some time after the engine has stopped. . Do not spill engine oil, engine coolant, brake fluid or any other fluid on hot engine components. This may cause a fire. . When the ignition switch is in the “ON” position, the cooling fan may operate suddenly even when the hybrid system is stopped. If your body or clothes come into contact with a rotating fan, that could result in serious injury. To avoid risk of injury, always turn the push-button ignition switch to the “OFF” position and confirm that the operation indicator on the switch is turned off. Then take the access key fob out from the vehicle. & When checking or servicing in the engine compartment S11AB03 CAUTION . Do not contact the engine cover while checking the components in the engine compartment. Doing so may cause your hand to slip off the cover and result in an unexpected injury. 402 Maintenance precautions . Do not touch the oil filter until the engine has cooled down completely. Doing so may result in a burn or other injury. Note that the oil filter becomes very hot when the engine is running and remains hot for some time after the engine has stopped. & When checking or servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is running S11AB02 WARNING A running engine can be dangerous. Keep your fingers, hands, clothing, hair and tools away from the cooling fan, drive belt and any other moving engine parts. Removing rings, watches and ties is advisable. 11-3. Engine hood S11AC CAUTION . When you open the engine hood, do not stand the wiper blades up. Furthermore, while the hood is open, do not operate the windshield wipers. Doing so could result in damage to the engine hood and wiper blades. . Be extremely careful not to catch fingers or other objects when closing the engine hood. . Do not push the hood forcibly to close it. It could deform the metal. . Be extremely careful opening the engine hood when the wind is strong. The engine hood could close suddenly, possibly causing injuries from slamming. . Do not install accessories other than genuine SUBARU parts to the engine hood. If the engine hood becomes too heavy, the stay may not be able to support holding it open. To open the hood: 1. If the wiper blades are lifted off the windshield, return them to their original position. 2. Pull the hood release knob under the instrument panel. – CONTINUED – Engine hood 403 Maintenance and service 3. Release the secondary hood release by moving the lever between the front grille and the hood toward the left. 1) Grip 4. Lift up the hood, release the hood prop from its retainer and put the end of the hood prop into the slot in the hood. Hold the grip for handling the hood prop. To close the hood: 1. Lift the hood slightly and remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood and return the prop to its retainer. 2. Lower the hood to a height of approximately 5.9 in (15 cm) above its closed position and then let it drop. 3. After closing the hood, be sure the hood is securely locked. If this does not close the hood, release it from a slightly higher position. WARNING Always check that the hood is properly locked before you start driving. If it is not, it might fly open while the vehicle is moving and block your view, which may cause an accident and serious bodily injury. 404 Engine hood 11-4. Engine compartment overview S11AD 1) Brake fluid reservoir (page 414) 2) Fuse box (page 430) 3) 12 V battery (page 429) 4) Windshield washer tank (page 423) 5) Radiator cap for engine (page 409) 6) Engine oil filler cap (page 406) 7) Engine coolant reservoir (page 409) 8) Engine oil filter (page 407) 9) Radiator cap for inverter with converter assembly (page 410) 10) Engine oil level gauge (page 406) 11) Air cleaner case (page 411) Engine compartment overview 405 Maintenance and service 11-5. Engine oil S11AE CAUTION . If the level gauge cannot be pulled out easily, twist the level gauge right and left, then gently pull it out. Otherwise, you may be injured accidentally straining yourself. . Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. . Be careful not to spill engine oil when adding it. If oil touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine oil gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. & Engine oil consumption S11AE07 Some engine oil will be consumed while driving. The rate of consumption can be affected by such factors as transmission type, driving style, terrain and temperature. Under the following conditions, oil consumption can be increased and thus require refilling between maintenance intervals: . The engine is new and within the breakin period. . The engine oil is of lower quality. . The incorrect oil viscosity is used. . Engine braking is employed (repeatedly). . The engine is operated at high engine speeds (for extended periods of time). . The engine is operated under heavy loads (for extended periods of time). . A trailer is being towed. . The engine idles for extended periods of time. . The vehicle is operated in stop and go and/or heavy traffic situations. . The vehicle is used under severe thermal conditions. . The vehicle accelerates and decelerates frequently. Under these or similar conditions, you should check your oil at least every 2nd fuel fill-up and change your engine oil more frequently. Different drivers in the same car may experience different results. If your oil consumption rate is greater than expected, contact your authorized SUBARU dealer who may perform a test under controlled conditions. & Locations of the oil level gauge, oil filler cap and oil filter S11AE06 1) Oil level gauge 2) Oil filler cap 3) Oil filter & Checking the oil level S11AE01 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and turn the ignition switch to the “OFF” position. If you check the oil level just after turning the ignition switch to the “OFF” position, wait a few minutes for the oil to drain back into the oil pan before checking the level. 406 Engine oil CAUTION If the level gauge cannot be pulled out easily, twist the level gauge right and left, then gently pull it out. Otherwise, you may be injured accidentally straining yourself. 2. Pull out the level gauge, wipe it clean, and insert it again. 3. Be sure the level gauge is correctly inserted until it stops. 1) Full level 2) Low level 3) Approximately 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) from low level to full level 4. Pull out the oil level gauge again. 5. Check the oil levels on both sides of the level gauge. The engine oil level must be judged by the lowest of the two levels. If the oil level is below the low level mark, add oil so that the full level is reached. CAUTION . Be careful not to touch the engine oil filter when removing the oil filler cap. Doing so may result in a burn, a pinched finger, or may cause some other injury. . Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. . Be careful not to spill engine oil when adding it. If oil touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine oil gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. To add engine oil, remove the engine oil filler cap and slowly pour engine oil through the filler neck. After pouring oil into the engine, you must use the level gauge to confirm that the oil level is correct. NOTE . To prevent overfilling the engine oil, do not add any additional oil above the upper level when the engine is cold. . The engine low oil level warning light may stay illuminated when the hybrid system is started straight after topping up or changing the engine oil. In such cases, park the vehicle on a level surface and wait for more than a minute until the oil level settles, after which the warning light will turn off. Refer to “Engine low oil level warning light” FP187. & Changing the oil and oil filter S11AE02 Change the oil and oil filter according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. The engine oil and oil filter must be changed more frequently than listed in the maintenance schedule when driving on dusty roads, when short trips are frequently made, or when driving in extremely cold weather. NOTE . Changing the engine oil and oil filter should be performed by a well-trained expert. Contact your SUBARU dealer for changing the engine oil and oil filter. Fully trained mechanics are on standby at a SUBARU dealer to utilize the special tools, spare parts and recommended oil for this work, and also, used oils are properly disposed of. – CONTINUED – Engine oil 407 Maintenance and service . If performing oil replacement yourself, observe the local regulations and dispose of waste oil properly. & Recommended grade and viscosity S11AE03 CAUTION Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. Refer to “Engine oil” FP441. NOTE Engine oil viscosity (thickness) affects fuel economy. Oils of lower viscosity provide better fuel economy. However, in hot weather, oil of higher viscosity is required to properly lubricate the engine. & Synthetic oil S11AE05 You should use synthetic engine oil that meets the same requirements given for conventional engine oil. When using synthetic oil, you must use oil of the same classification, viscosity and grade shown in this Owner’s Manual. Refer to “Engine oil” FP441. Also, you must follow the oil and filter changing intervals shown in the Warranty and Maintenance booklet. NOTE Synthetic oil of the grade and viscosity noted in chapter 12 is the recommended engine oil for optimum engine performance. Conventional oil may be used if synthetic oil is unavailable. 11-6. Cooling system S11AF & Safety precautions S11AF04 WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the hybrid system has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed. CAUTION . Vehicles are filled at the factory with SUBARU Super Coolant that does not require the first change for 11 years/137,500 miles (11 years/220,000 km). This coolant should not be mixed with any other brand or type of coolant during this period. Mixing with a different coolant will reduce the life of the coolant. Should it be necessary to top up the coolant for any reason, use only SUBARU Super Coolant. If the SUBARU Super Coolant is diluted with another brand or 408 Cooling system type, the maintenance interval is shortened to that of the mixing coolant. . Do not splash the engine coolant over painted parts. The alcohol contained in the engine coolant may damage the paint surface. & Cooling fan, hose and connections S11AF03 Your vehicle employs an electric cooling fan which is thermostatically controlled to operate when the engine coolant reaches a specific temperature. If the radiator cooling fan does not operate even when the coolant temperature high warning light blinks or illuminates in RED, the cooling fan circuit may be defective. Refer to “Coolant temperature high warning light” FP185. Check the fuse and replace it if necessary. Refer to “Fuses” FP430 and “Fuse panel located in the engine compartment” FP448. If the fuse is not blown, have the cooling system checked by your SUBARU dealer. If frequent addition of coolant is necessary, there may be a leak in the engine cooling system. It is recommended that the cooling system and connections be checked for leaks, damage, or looseness. & Engine coolant S11AF02 ! Checking the coolant level S11AF0201 WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the hybrid system has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed. 1) “FULL” level mark 2) “LOW” level mark Check the coolant level at each fuel stop. 1. Check the coolant level on the outside of the reservoir while the engine is cool. 2. If the level is close to or lower than the “LOW” level mark, add coolant up to the “FULL” level mark. If the reserve tank is empty, remove the radiator cap and refill coolant up to just below the filler neck as shown in the following illustration. 1) Fill up to this level – CONTINUED – Cooling system 409 Maintenance and service 3. After refilling the reserve tank and the radiator, reinstall the cap and check that the rubber gaskets inside the radiator cap are in the proper position. CAUTION . Be careful not to spill engine coolant when adding it. If coolant touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine coolant gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. . Do not splash the engine coolant over painted parts. The alcohol contained in the engine coolant may damage the paint surface. ! Changing the coolant S11AF0202 It may be difficult to change the coolant. Have the coolant changed by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. The coolant should be changed according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. & Inverter with converter assembly coolant S11AF05 ! Checking the coolant level S11AF0501 WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the hybrid system has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed. 1) “FULL” level mark 2) “LOW” level mark 1. Check the coolant level on the outside of the reservoir while the engine is cool. 1) “FULL” level mark 2) “LOW” level mark 410 Cooling system 2. If the level is close to or lower than the “LOW” level mark, remove the radiator cap and add coolant up to the “FULL” level mark. 3. After refilling the reserve tank and the radiator, reinstall the cap and check that the rubber gaskets inside the radiator cap are in the proper position. CAUTION . Be careful not to spill inverter with converter assembly coolant when adding it. If coolant touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If inverter with converter assembly coolant gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. . Do not splash the inverter with converter assembly coolant over painted parts. The alcohol contained in the inverter with converter assembly coolant may damage the paint surface. ! Changing the coolant S11AF0502 It may be difficult to change the coolant. Have the coolant changed by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. The coolant should be changed according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. 11-7. Air cleaner element S11AG WARNING Do not operate the engine with the air cleaner element removed. The air cleaner element not only filters intake air but also stops flames if the engine backfires. If the air cleaner element is not installed when the engine backfires, you could be burned. CAUTION When replacing the air cleaner element, use a genuine SUBARU air cleaner element. If it is not used, there is the possibility of causing a negative effect to the engine. The air cleaner element functions as a filter screen. When the element is perforated or removed, engine wear will be excessive and engine life shortened. It is not necessary to clean or wash the air cleaner element. – CONTINUED – Air cleaner element 411 Maintenance and service & Replacing the air cleaner element S11AG01 Replace the air cleaner element according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Under extremely dusty conditions, replace it more frequently. It is recommended that you always use genuine SUBARU parts. 1) Clip 1. Unsnap the two clips holding the air cleaner case (rear). 2. Open the air cleaner case and pull the cover rearward while lifting it up. 3. Remove the air cleaner element. 4. Clean the inside of the air cleaner case (both front and rear) with a damp cloth and install a new air cleaner element. 5. To install the air cleaner case (rear), insert the three projections on the air cleaner case (rear) into the slits on the air cleaner case (front). 6. Install in the reverse order of removal. NOTE Install the air cleaner element so that the surface with “UPR” printed on it faces upward. 412 Air cleaner element 11-8. Spark plugs S11AH It may be difficult to replace the spark plugs. It is recommended that you have the spark plugs replaced by your SUBARU dealer. The spark plugs should be replaced according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. CAUTION Make sure the cables are replaced in the correct order. & Recommended spark plugs S11AH01 For the recommended spark plugs, refer to “Electrical system” FP444. 11-9. Drive belts S11AI It is unnecessary to check the deflection of the drive belt periodically. However, replacement of the belt should be done according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. If the drive belt is loose, cracked or worn, contact your SUBARU dealer. 11-10. Continuously variable transmission fluid S11AY It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level. Check that there are no cracks, damage or leakage. However, the fluid inspection should be performed according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for details. Spark plugs 413 Maintenance and service 11-11. Front differential gear oil and rear differential gear oil S11BL It is not necessary to check the gear oil level. Check that there are no cracks, damage or leakage. However, the oil inspection should be performed according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for details. & Recommended grade and viscosity S11BL01 Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together. For details, refer to “Front differential and rear differential gear oil” FP443. CAUTION Using a differential gear oil other than the specified oil may cause a decline in vehicle performance. 11-12. Brake fluid S11AO & Checking the fluid level S11AO01 WARNING . Never let brake fluid contact your eyes because brake fluid can be harmful to your eyes. If brake fluid gets in your eyes, immediately flush them thoroughly with clean water. For safety, when performing this work, wearing eye protection is advisable. . Brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause a dangerous loss of braking performance. . If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be a leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer. CAUTION . When adding brake fluid, be careful not to allow any dirt into the reservoir. . Never splash the brake fluid over painted surfaces or rubber parts. Alcohol contained in the brake fluid may damage them. . Be careful not to spill brake fluid when adding it. If brake fluid touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If brake fluid gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. 1) “MAX” level line 2) “MIN” level line A) The brake fluid level must be checked in this area. Check the fluid level monthly. Check the fluid level on the outside of the reservoir. Be sure to check the fluid level for the brake system at the shaded area in the illustration. 414 Front differential gear oil and rear differential gear oil If the fluid level is below “MIN”, add the recommended brake fluid to “MAX”. Use only brake fluid from a sealed container. & Recommended brake fluid S11AO02 Refer to “Fluids” FP443. CAUTION Never use different brands of brake fluid together. Also, avoid mixing DOT 3 and DOT 4 brake fluids even if they are the same brand. 11-13. Brake pedal S11AR Check the brake pedal free play and reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. 11-14. Replacement of brake pad S11AT The disc brakes have audible wear indicators on the brake pads. If the brake pads wear close to their service limit, the wear indicator makes a very audible scraping noise when the brake pedal is applied. If you hear this scraping noise each time you apply the brake pedal, have the brake pads serviced by your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. CAUTION If you continue to drive despite the scraping noise from the audible brake pad wear indicator, it will – CONTINUED – Brake pedal 415 Maintenance and service result in the need for costly brake rotor repair or replacement. & Breaking-in of new brake pads S11AT01 When replacing the brake pad, use only genuine SUBARU parts. After replacement, the new parts must be broken in. Contact your SUBARU dealer for details. 11-15. Tires and wheels S11AV & Types of tires S11AV01 You should be familiar with type of tires present on your vehicle. ! All season tires S11AV0101 All season tires are designed to provide an adequate measure of traction, handling and braking performance in year-round driving including snowy and icy road conditions. However all season tires do not offer as much traction performance as winter (snow) tires in heavy or loose snow or on icy roads. All season tires are identified by “ALL SEASON” and/or “M+S” (Mud & Snow) on the tire sidewall. ! Summer tires S11AV0102 Summer tires are high-speed capability tires best suited for highway driving under dry conditions. Summer tires are inadequate for driving on slippery roads such as on snow-covered or icy roads. If you drive your vehicle on snow-covered or icy roads, we strongly recommend the use of winter (snow) tires. When installing winter tires, be sure to replace all four tires. ! Winter (snow) tires S11AV0103 Winter tires are best suited for driving on snow-covered and icy roads. However winter tires do not perform as well as summer tires and all season tires on roads other than snow-covered and icy roads. & Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) S11AV02 The tire pressure monitoring system provides the driver with a warning message by sending a signal from a sensor that is installed in each wheel when tire pressure is severely low. The tire pressure monitoring system will activate only when the vehicle is driven. Also, this system may not react immediately to a sudden drop in tire pressure (for example, a blow-out caused by running over a sharp object). If you adjust the tire pressures in a warm garage and will then drive the vehicle in cold outside air, the resulting drop in tire pressures may cause the low tire pressure warning light to illuminate. To avoid this problem when adjusting the tire pressures in a warm garage, inflate the tires to pressures higher than those shown on the tire placard. Specifically, inflate them by an extra 1 psi (6.9 kPa, 0.07 kgf/cm2) for every difference of 108F (5.68C) between the temperature in the garage and the 416 Tires and wheels temperature outside. By way of example, the following table shows the required tire pressures that correspond to various outside temperatures when the temperature in the garage is 608F (15.68C). Example: Tire size: 225/55R18 98H Standard tire pressures: Front: 36 psi (250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2) Rear: 35 psi (240 kPa, 2.4 kgf/cm2) Garage temperature: 608F (15.68C) Outside temperature Adjusted pressure [psi (kPa, kgf/cm2)] Front Rear 308F (−18C) 39 (270, 2.7) 38 (260, 2.6) 108F (−128C) 41 (285, 2.85) 40 (275, 2.75) −108F (−238C) 44 (300, 3.0) 42 (290, 2.9) If the low tire pressure warning light illuminates when you drive the vehicle in cold outside air after adjusting the tire pressures in a warm garage, re-adjust the tire pressures using the method described above. Then, increase the vehicle speed to at least 20 mph (32 km/h) and check to see that the low tire pressure warning light turns off a few minutes later. If the low tire pressure warning light does not turn off, the tire pressure monitoring system may not be functioning normally. In this event, go to a SUBARU dealer to have the system inspected as soon as possible. While the vehicle is driven, friction between tires and the road surface causes the tires to warm up. After illumination of the low tire pressure warning light, any increase in the tire pressures caused by an increase in the outside air temperature or by an increase in the temperature in the tires can cause the low tire pressure warning light to turn off. System resetting is necessary when the wheels are changed (for example, a switch to snow tires) and new TPMS valves are installed on the newly fitted wheels. Have this work performed by a SUBARU dealer following wheel replacement. It may not be possible to install TPMS valves on certain wheels that are on the market. Therefore, if you change the wheels (for example, a switch to snow tires), use wheels that have the same part number as the standard-equipment wheels. Without four operational TPMS valve/sensors on the wheels, the TPMS will not fully function and the warning light on the combination meter will illuminate steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. When a tire is replaced, adjustments are necessary to ensure continued normal operation of the tire pressure monitoring system. As with wheel replacement, therefore, you should have the work performed by a SUBARU dealer. WARNING If the low tire pressure warning light does not illuminate briefly after the ignition switch is turned ON or the light illuminates steadily after blinking for approximately one minute, you should have your Tire Pressure Monitoring System checked at a SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. If this light illuminates while driving, never brake suddenly and keep driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the road to a safe place. Otherwise an accident involving serious vehicle damage and serious personal injury could occur. If this light still illuminates while driving after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may have significant damage and a fast leak that causes the tire to lose air rapidly. When a wheel rim is replaced without the original pressure sensor/ transmitter being transferred, the – CONTINUED – Tires and wheels 417 Maintenance and service low tire pressure warning light will illuminate steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. This indicates the TPMS is unable to monitor all four road wheels. Contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible for tire and sensor replacement and/or system resetting. If the light illuminates steadily after blinking for approximately one minute, promptly contact a SUBARU dealer to have the system inspected. & Tire inspection S11AV03 Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. Contact your SUBARU dealer immediately if you find any problem. NOTE . When the wheels and tires strike curbs or are subjected to harsh treatment as when the vehicle is driven on a rough surface, they can suffer damage that cannot be seen with the naked eye. This type of damage does not become evident until time has passed. Try not to drive over curbs, potholes or on other rough surfaces. If doing so is unavoidable, keep the vehicle’s speed down to a walking pace or less, and approach the curbs as squarely as possible. Also, make sure the tires are not pressed against the curb when you park the vehicle. . If you feel unusual vibration while driving or find it difficult to steer the vehicle in a straight line, one of the tires and/or wheels may be damaged. Drive slowly to the nearest authorized SUBARU dealer and have the vehicle inspected. & Tire pressures and wear S11AV04 Maintaining the correct tire pressures helps to maximize the tires’ service lives and is essential for good running performance. Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire at least once a month (for example, during a fuel stop) and before any long journey. Tire placard Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the values shown on the tire placard. The tire placard is located on the door pillar on the driver’s side. Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pressures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the outside temperature. It is best to check 418 Tires and wheels tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle. When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure. NOTE . The air pressure in a tire increases by approximately 4.3 psi (30 kPa, 0.3 kgf/cm2) when the tire becomes warm. . The tires are considered cold when the vehicle has been parked for at least three hours or has been driven less than one mile (1.6 km). WARNING Do not let air out of warm tires to adjust pressure. Doing so will result in low tire pressure. Incorrect tire pressures detract from controllability and ride comfort, and they cause the tires to wear abnormally. 1) Correct tire pressure (tread worn evenly) Roadholding is good, and steering is responsive. Rolling resistance is low, so fuel consumption is also lower. 2) Under inflated tire (tread worn on shoulders) Rolling resistance is high, so fuel consumption is also higher. 3) Over inflated (tread worn in the center) Ride comfort is poor. Also, the tire magnifies the effects of road-surface bumps and dips, possibly resulting in vehicle damage. If the tire placard shows tire pressures for the vehicle when fully loaded, adjust the tire pressures to the values that match the loading conditions. WARNING Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to deform severely and to rapidly heat up. A sharp increase in temperature could cause tread – CONTINUED – Tires and wheels 419 Maintenance and service separation, and destruction of the tires. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. & Wheel balance S11AV05 Each wheel was correctly balanced when your vehicle was new, but the wheels will become unbalanced as the tires become worn during use. Wheel imbalance causes the steering wheel to vibrate slightly at certain vehicle speeds and detracts from the vehicle’s straight-line stability. It can also cause steering and suspension system problems and abnormal tire wear. If you suspect that the wheels are not correctly balanced, have them checked and adjusted by your SUBARU dealer. Also have them adjusted after tire repairs and after tire rotation. CAUTION Loss of correct wheel alignment causes the tires to wear on one side and reduces the vehicle’s running stability. Contact your SUBARU dealer if you notice abnormal tire wear. NOTE The suspension system is designed to hold each wheel at a certain alignment (relative to the other wheels and to the road) for optimum straight-line stability and cornering performance. & Wear indicators S11AV06 1) New tread 2) Worn tread 3) Tread wear indicator Each tire incorporates a tread wear indicator, which becomes visible when the depth of the tread grooves decreases to 0.063 in (1.6 mm). A tire must be replaced when the tread wear indicator appears as a solid band across the tread. WARNING When a tire’s tread wear indicator becomes visible, the tire 420 Tires and wheels is worn beyond the acceptable limit and must be replaced immediately. With a tire in this condition, driving at high speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. The resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident. NOTE For safety, inspect tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. & Rotational direction of tires S11AV11 Example of rotational direction marked on the sidewall 1) Front If the tires have specific rotational direction, refer to the arrow marked on the side wall. The arrow should be pointing forward direction when the wheels are fitted. & Tire rotation S11AV07 Tire wear varies from wheel to wheel, and rotation is necessary. However, it may be difficult to rotate the tires. Have the tires rotated by your SUBARU dealer. For the tire rotation schedule, refer to the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. & Tire replacement S11AV08 The wheels and tires are important and integral parts of your vehicle’s design; they cannot be changed arbitrarily. The tires fitted as standard equipment are optimally matched to the characteristics of the vehicle and were selected to give the best possible combination of running performance, ride comfort, and service life. It is essential for every tire to have a size and construction matching those shown on the tire placard and to have a speed symbol and load index matching those shown on the tire placard. Using tires of a non-specified size detracts from controllability, ride comfort, braking performance, speedometer accuracy and odometer accuracy. It also creates incorrect body-to-tire clearances and inappropriately changes the vehicle’s ground clearance. All four tires must be the same in terms of manufacturer, brand (tread pattern), construction, and size. You are advised to replace the tires with new ones that are identical to those fitted as standard equip- – CONTINUED – Tires and wheels 421 Maintenance and service ment. For safe vehicle operation, SUBARU recommends replacing all four tires at the same time. WARNING . When replacing or installing tire(s), all four tires must be the same for following items. (a) Size (b) Circumference (c) Speed symbol (d) Load index (e) Construction (f) Manufacturer (g) Brand (tread pattern) (h) Degrees of wear For the items (a) to (d), you must obey the specification that is printed on the tire placard. The tire placard is located on the driver’s door pillar. If all of four tires are not the same for items (a) to (h), serious mechanical damage could occur to the drive train of your car, and affect the following. – Ride – Handling – Braking – Speedometer/Odometer calibration – Clearance between the body and tires It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control, and it can lead to an accident. . Use only radial tires. Do not use radial tires together with belted bias tires and/or bias-ply tires. Doing so can dangerously reduce controllability, resulting in an accident. & Wheel replacement S11AV09 When replacing wheels due, for example, to damage, make sure the replacement wheels match the specifications of the wheels that are fitted as standard equipment. Replacement wheels are available from SUBARU dealers. WARNING Use only those wheels that are specified for your vehicle. Wheels not meeting specifications could interfere with brake caliper operation and may cause the tires to rub against the wheel well housing during turns. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. NOTE When any of the wheels are removed and replaced for tire rotation or for any other reason, always check the tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose, tighten it to the specified torque. 422 Tires and wheels 11-16. Alloy wheels S11BM Alloy wheels can be scratched and damaged easily. Handle them carefully to maintain their appearance, performance, and safety. . When any of the wheels are removed and replaced for tire rotation or to change a flat tire, always check the tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose, tighten it to the specified torque. . Never apply oil to the threaded parts, wheel nuts, or tapered surface of the wheel. . Never let the wheel rub against sharp protrusions or curbs. . When wheel nuts, balance weights, or the center cap is replaced, be sure to replace them with genuine SUBARU parts designed for alloy wheels. . When stacking and storing removed tires, place shock-absorbing material between the tires to protect the wheels from becoming scratched. 11-17. Windshield washer fluid S11AX Windshield washer fluid warning light When there is only a small amount of washer fluid remaining, the windshield washer fluid warning light will illuminate. When this occurs, refill the washer fluid. & Adding the windshield washer fluid S11AX01 CAUTION Never use engine coolant as washer fluid because it could cause paint damage. Remove the washer tank filler cap, then add windshield washer fluid. & Windshield washer fluid S11AX02 Use windshield washer fluid. If windshield washer fluid is unavailable use clean water. In areas where water freezes in winter, use an anti-freeze type windshield washer fluid. SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid contains 58.5% methyl alcohol and 41.5% surfactant, by volume. Its freezing temperature varies according to how much it is diluted, as indicated in the following table. – CONTINUED – Alloy wheels 423 Maintenance and service Washer Fluid Concentration Freezing Temperature 30% 10.48F (−128C) 50% −48F (−208C) 100% −498F (−458C) In order to prevent freezing of washer fluid, check the freezing temperatures in the table above when adjusting the fluid concentration to the outside temperature. If you fill the reservoir tank with a fluid with a different concentration from the one used previously, purge the old fluid from the piping between the reservoir tank and washer nozzles by operating the washer for a certain period of time. Otherwise, if the concentration of the fluid remaining in the piping is too low for the outside temperature, it may freeze and block the nozzles. CAUTION . Adjust the washer fluid concentration appropriately for the outside temperature. If the concentration is inappropriate, sprayed washer fluid may freeze on the windshield and obstruct your view, and the fluid may freeze in the reservoir tank. . State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive. Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging your vehicle’s paint, wiper blades or washer system. 11-18. Replacement of wiper blades S11AZ Grease, wax, insects, or other material on the windshield or the wiper blade results in jerky wiper operation and streaking on the glass. If you cannot remove the streaks after operating the windshield washer or if the wiper operation is jerky, clean the outer surface of the windshield (or rear window) and the wiper blades using a sponge or soft cloth with a neutral detergent or mildabrasive cleaner. After cleaning, rinse the windshield and wiper blades with clean water. The windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse the windshield with water. CAUTION . Do not clean the wiper blades with gasoline or a solvent, such as paint thinner or benzine. This will cause deterioration of the wiper blades. . When you wish to raise the passenger- side wiper arm, first raise the driver-side wiper arm. Otherwise, the passenger-side wiper assembly and driver-side wiper assembly will touch each other, possibly resulting in scratches. 424 Replacement of wiper blades . Return the passenger-side wiper arm to its original position before returning the driver-side wiper arm to its original position. Otherwise, the passenger-side wiper assembly and driver-side wiper assembly will touch each other, possibly resulting in scratches. . While removing the wiper blades from the wiper arms, do not return the wiper arms to the original positions. Otherwise, the windshield surface may be scratched. . When returning the raised wiper arms to the original positions, carefully return the wiper arms on the windshield by hand. You should not return the wiper arms to the windshield only by the return spring. Otherwise, the wiper arms may be deformed and/or the windshield surface may be scratched. If you cannot eliminate the streaking even after following this method, replace the wiper blades using the following procedures. & Windshield wiper blade assembly S11AZ01 1. Raise the wiper arm off the windshield. CAUTION Hold the wiper arm when replacing the wiper blade. Holding the wiper blade, may result in blade deformation. 1) Lock knob 2. Hold the wiper blade connection by hand, push the lock knob to release the lock, and then pull out the wiper blade assembly. NOTE Do not use a hard object to push the lock knob. The lock knob may be scratched. – CONTINUED – Replacement of wiper blades 425 Maintenance and service 3. When installing the wiper blade assembly, align it with the wiper arm connection part and then slide it in the opposite direction of removal to install. After installing the wiper blade assembly, check that the connection part is locked completely. 4. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly lower it in position. & Window wiper blade rubber S11AZ05 Replace the wiper blade rubber according to the following procedure. 1. Pull the wiper blade rubber until the slit on the underside of the wiper blade is in the removal position, as shown in the illustration, so that it can be removed. 2. Pull the end of the wiper blade rubber through the slit to remove it. 3. To install a new wiper blade rubber, perform the removal procedure in the reverse order. After installation, check that the tip of the wiper rubber has reached the end of the cap. NOTE It may be difficult to perform the wiper blade rubber replacement. We recommend that you contact your SUBARU dealer for wiper blade rubber replacement if necessary. 426 Replacement of wiper blades & Rear window wiper blade assembly S11AZ03 1. Raise the wiper arm off the rear window. 2. Turn the wiper blade assembly counterclockwise. 3. Pull the wiper blade assembly toward you to remove it from the wiper arm. 4. Install the wiper blade assembly to the wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place. 5. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly lower it in position. & Rear window wiper blade rubber S11AZ04 1. Pull out the end of the blade rubber assembly to unlock it from the plastic support. – CONTINUED – Replacement of wiper blades 427 Maintenance and service 2. Pull the blade rubber assembly out of the plastic support. 1) Metal spines 3. If the new blade rubber is not provided with two metal spines, remove the metal spines from the old blade rubber and install them in the new blade rubber. 4. Align the claws of the plastic support with the grooves in the blade rubber assembly, then slide the blade rubber assembly into place. Securely retain both ends of the rubber with the stoppers on the plastic support ends. If the rubber is not retained properly, the wiper may scratch the rear window glass. 5. Install the wiper blade assembly to the wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place. 6. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly lower it in position. 428 Replacement of wiper blades 11-19. 12 V battery S11BA WARNING . Before beginning work on or near any battery, be sure to extinguish all cigarettes, matches, and lighters. Never expose a battery to an open flame or electric sparks. Batteries give off a gas which is highly flammable and explosive. . For safety, in case an explosion does occur, wear eye protection or shield your eyes when working near any battery. Never lean over a battery. . Do not let battery fluid contact eyes, skin, fabrics, or paint because battery fluid is a corrosive acid. If battery fluid gets on your skin or in your eyes, immediately flush the area with water thoroughly. Seek medical help immediately if acid has entered the eyes. If battery fluid is accidentally swallowed, immediately drink a large amount of milk or water, and seek medical attention immediately. . To lessen the risk of sparks, remove rings, metal watchbands, and other metal jewelry. Never allow metal tools to contact the positive battery terminal and anything connected to it WHILE you are at the same time in contact with any other metallic portion of the vehicle because a short circuit will result. . Keep everyone including children away from the battery. . Charge the battery in a wellventilated area. . Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Batteries also contain other chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer. Wash hands after handling. 1) Cap 2) Upper level 3) Lower level It is unnecessary to periodically check the battery fluid level or periodically refill with distilled water. However, if the battery fluid level is below the lower level, remove the cap. Fill to the upper level with distilled water. If the 12 V battery is removed and installed, it may not be changed to EV driving. In that case, contact a SUBARU dealer. – CONTINUED – 12 V battery 429 Maintenance and service CAUTION Never use more than 10 A when charging the battery because it will shorten battery life. 11-20. Fuses S11BB CAUTION Never replace a fuse with one having a higher rating or with material other than a fuse because serious damage or a fire could result. The fuses are designed to melt during an overload to prevent damage to the wiring harness and electrical equipment. The fuses are located in two fuse boxes. One is located under the instrument panel behind the fuse box cover on the driver’s seat side. To remove the cover, pull it out. 1) Spare fuses The other one (main fuse box) is housed in the engine compartment. Also, the spare fuses are stored in the fuse box cover. The fuse puller is stored in the main fuse box in the engine compartment. 430 Fuses Pinch the upper part of the fuse puller when removing it from the main fuse box. 1) Good 2) Blown If any lights, accessories or other electrical controls do not operate, inspect the corresponding fuse. If a fuse has blown, replace it. 1. Turn the ignition switch to the “OFF” position and turn off all electrical accessories. 2. Remove the cover. 3. Determine which fuse may be blown. Look at the back side of each fuse box cover and refer to “Fuses and circuits” FP446. 4. Pull out the fuse with the fuse puller. 5. Inspect the fuse. If it has blown, replace it with a spare fuse of the same rating. 6. If the same fuse blows again, this indicates that its system has a problem. Contact your SUBARU dealer for repairs. 11-21. Installation of accessories S11BD Always consult your SUBARU dealer before installing fog lights or any other electrical equipment in your vehicle. Such accessories may cause the electronic system to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for the vehicle. Installation of accessories 431 Maintenance and service 11-22. Replacing bulbs S11BE WARNING Bulbs may become very hot while illuminated. Before replacing bulbs, turn off the lights and wait until the bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is a risk of sustaining a burn injury. CAUTION Replace any bulb only with a new bulb of the specified wattage. Using a bulb of different wattage could result in a fire. For the specified wattage of each bulb, refer to “Bulb chart” FP450. NOTE For models with type B combination meter, if SRH is malfunctioning, the SRH OFF indicator appears on the combination meter when the ignition switch is in the “ON” position. It indicates that SRH has been deactivated. Contact a SUBARU dealer for an inspection. & Headlights S11BE18 LED headlight warning light The LED headlight warning light illuminates if the LED headlights malfunction. Have your vehicle inspected at a SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. & Front turn signal light S11BE03 It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. & Parking light S11BE02 The parking lights are the LED. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. & Front fog light S11BE04 The front fog lights are the LED. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. & Rear combination lights S11BE05 1. Remove the covers. 432 Replacing bulbs 2. Using a Phillips screwdriver, remove the upper and lower screws that secure the rear combination light assembly. 3. Slide the rear combination light assembly rearward and remove it from the vehicle. 1) Tail light 2) Rear side marker light 3) Rear turn signal light 4. Remove the bulb socket from the rear combination light assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 5. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket and replace it with a new one. 6. Set the bulb socket into the rear combination light assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 1) Guide pins 2) Catch 3) Clip 7. Put the rear combination light assembly into place while aligning the 2 guide pins and a catch with the guide holes and a clip on the vehicle. – CONTINUED – Replacing bulbs 433 Maintenance and service 8. Tighten the upper and lower screws. 9. Reinstall the covers. & Backup light S11BE06 1. Apply a flat-head screwdriver to the light cover as shown in the illustration, and pry the light cover off from the rear gate trim. 2. For left side light, turn the bulb socket clockwise and remove it. For right side light, turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and remove it. 3. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket and replace it with a new one. 434 Replacing bulbs 4. Install the bulb socket by turning it clockwise. 5. Install the light cover on the rear gate. & License plate light S11BE07 1. The license plate lights must be pushed outwards, and then pulled out to be removed. 2. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and pull out the socket. 3. Pull the bulb out of the socket. 4. Install a new bulb. 5. Reinstall the bulb socket and the license plate light cover. & Map light S11BE09 CAUTION Replacing the bulb could cause burns since the bulb may be very hot. Have the bulb replaced by your SUBARU dealer. & Vanity mirror light S11BE34 CAUTION Replacing the bulb could cause burns since the bulb may be very hot. Have the bulb replaced by your SUBARU dealer. & Dome light and cargo area light S11BE21 Dome light – CONTINUED – Replacing bulbs 435 Maintenance and service Cargo area light 1. Remove the lens by prying the edge of the lens with a flat-head screwdriver. 2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. 3. Install a new bulb. 4. Reinstall the lens. & Other bulbs S11BE29 It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. 11-23. Replacing key battery S11BK The access key fob battery may be discharged under the following conditions. . The operation of the keyless access function is unstable . The operating distance of the remote keyless entry system is unstable Replace the battery with a new one. & Safety precautions S11BK04 CAUTION . Do not let dust, oil or water get on or in the access key fob/transmitter when replacing battery. . Before replacing the battery, remove any static electricity. . Be careful not to touch or damage the printed circuit board in the access key fob/transmitter when replacing the battery. . Be careful not to allow children to touch the battery and any removed parts; children could swallow them. . There is a danger of an explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type of the battery. . Batteries should not be exposed to excessive heat such as bright sunlight, fire or the like. NOTE . Replace only with the same or equivalent type of battery recommended by the manufacturer. . Dispose of used batteries according to local laws. . Mount the battery in the correct orientation to prevent fluid leakage. Be careful not to bend the terminals. It may result in a malfunction. . It is recommended that the battery be replaced by a SUBARU dealer. . Use a new battery. . After replacing the battery, confirm that the transmitter functions properly. 436 Replacing key battery & Replacing battery of access key fob S11BK01 CAUTION When removing or reinstalling the access key fob cover, make sure that the plastic part does not come off or become misaligned. Battery: Button battery CR2032 or equivalent 1) Release button 2) Emergency key 1. Take out the emergency key. 2. Wrap a flat-head screwdriver with vinyl tape or a cloth, and insert it in the gap to remove the cover. 3. Take out the battery using a flat-head screwdriver with vinyl tape or a cloth. 4. Insert a new battery with its positive (+) side facing upward as shown in the figure. 5. Attach the cover to the access key fob by fitting the projections and recesses together. Replacing key battery 437 Maintenance and service S12 12-1. Specifications . 440 Dimensions 440 Engine 440 Electric motor (traction motor) 441 High voltage battery . 441 Fuel 441 Engine oil . 441 Front differential and rear differential gear oil . 443 Fluids . 443 Engine coolant . 444 Inverter with converter assembly coolant 444 Electrical system 444 Tires 444 Brake pedal 445 Brake disc . 445 Brake pad 445 12-2. Fuses and circuits.446 Fuse panel located in the passenger compartment 446 Fuse panel located in the engine compartment. 448 12-3. Bulb chart 450 Safety precautions . 450 Bulb chart 451 12-4. Vehicle identification.453 Specifications 12 12-1. Specifications S12AA These specifications are subject to change without notice. & Dimensions S12AA01 in (mm) Item Overall length 175.8 (4,465) Overall width 71.0 (1,800) Overall height 62.8 (1,595) Wheel base 104.9 (2,665) Tread Front 61.0 (1,550) Rear 61.2 (1,555) Ground clearance*1 8.7 (220) *1: Measured with vehicle empty & Engine S12AA02 Engine model FB20 (2.0 L, DOHC, non-turbo) Engine type Horizontally opposed, liquid cooled 4 cylinder, 4-stroke direct injection gasoline engine Displacement cu-in (cc) 122 (1,995) Bore 6 Stroke in (mm) 3.31 6 3.54 (84.0 6 90.0) Compression ratio 13.5 : 1 Firing order 1 – 3 – 2 – 4 440 Specifications & Electric motor (traction motor) S12AA23 Type Permanent magnet synchronous motor Maximum output 88 kW Maximum torque 149 ft·lbf (202 N·m, 20.6 kgf·m) & High voltage battery S12AA24 Type Lithium-ion battery Voltage 3.7 V/cell Capacity 25 Ah Quantity 95 cells Overall voltage 351.5 V & Fuel S12AA08 Fuel requirement Fuel tank capacity Unleaded gasoline with 87 AKI (90 RON) or higher 13.2 US gal (50 liters, 11.0 Imp gal) For more details, refer to “Fuel” FP281. & Engine oil S12AA12 For the checking, adding and replacing procedure or other details, refer to “Engine oil” FP406. NOTE The procedure for changing the engine oil and oil filter should be performed by a properly-trained expert. It is recommended that you have this service performed by your SUBARU dealer. – CONTINUED – Specifications 441 Specifications ! Approved engine oil S12AA1201 Always use the SUBARU approved engine oil. For further details, please contact your SUBARU dealer. If the approved engine oil is unavailable, use the alternative engine oil described on the next page. ! Alternative engine oil S12AA1202 If the SUBARU approved oil is unavailable, the following alternative oil can be used. NOTE Each quantity indicated here is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. Oil grade SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature Engine oil capacity API (American Petroleum Institute) classification SN with the words “RESOURCE CONSERVING” or ILSAC (International Lubricant Specification Advisory Committee) GF-5, which can be identified with the ILSAC certification mark (Starburst mark) 0W-20 synthetic oil is the required oil for optimum engine performance and protection. Conventional oil may be used if synthetic oil is unavailable. *: If 0W-20 synthetic oil is not available, 5W-30 conventional oil may be used if replenishment is needed but should be changed to 0W-20 synthetic oil at the next oil change. – Adding the oil from low level to full level: 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) – Changing the oil and oil filter: 4.4 US qt (4.2 liters, 3.7 Imp qt) 442 Specifications & Front differential and rear differential gear oil S12AA13 Oil Front differential gear oil Rear differential gear oil Oil grade . SUBARU Extra MT*3 . API classification GL-5 (75W-90) Oil capacity*1 1.54 US qt (1.46 liters, 1.28 Imp qt) 0.8 US qt (0.8 liters, 0.7 Imp qt) Remarks*2 “Front differential gear oil and rear differential gear oil” FP414 *1: The indicated oil quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. After refilling the gearbox with oil, the oil level should be checked. *2: For more details about maintenance and service, refer to the indicated section. *3: The vehicle is filled at the factory with this type of oil. & Fluids S12AA10 Fluid Fluid type*1 Fluid capacity*2 Remarks*3 Continuously variable transmission fluid Consult your SUBARU dealer. 6.8 US qt (6.4 liters, 5.6 Imp qt) “Continuously variable transmission fluid” FP413 Brake fluid FMVSS No. 116, DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid*4 – “Brake fluid” FP414 *1: Use one of the indicated types of fluid. *2: The indicated fluid quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. *3: For more details about maintenance and service, refer to the indicated section. *4: SUBARU recommends using SUBARU genuine brake fluid. – CONTINUED – Specifications 443 Specifications & Engine coolant S12AA11 Coolant capacity Coolant type 8.5 US qt (8.0 liters, 7.0 Imp qt) SUBARU Super Coolant The indicated coolant quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. For more details about maintenance and service, refer to “Cooling system” FP408. & Inverter with converter assembly coolant S12AA29 Coolant capacity Coolant type 3.6 US qt (3.4 liters, 3.0 Imp qt) SUBARU Super Coolant The indicated coolant quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. For more details about maintenance and service, refer to “Cooling system” FP408. & Electrical system S12AA03 12 V battery type 55D23L Spark plugs DILKAR7Q8 (NGK) & Tires S12AA05 Tire size 225/55R18 98H Wheel size 18 6 7 J Pressure Front 36 psi (250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2) Rear 35 psi (240 kPa, 2.4 kgf/cm2) Wheel nut tightening torque 89 lbf·ft (120 N·m, 12 kgf·m)*1 *1: This torque is equivalent to applying approximately 88 to 110 lbf (40 to 50 kgf) at the end of the wheel nut wrench. If you have tightened the wheel nuts by yourself, have the tightening torque checked at the nearest automotive service facility as soon as possible. 444 Specifications & Brake pedal S12AA27 in (mm) Pedal clearance 5.47 – 5.87 (139 – 149)*1 Pedal free play 0.02 – 0.07 (0.6 – 1.9)*2 *1: Minimum value when pedal is operated with a force of 1.8 lbf (8 N, 0.8 kgf) *2: This is the value when depressing the pedal by the force of 1.8 lbf (8 N, 0.8 kgf). & Brake disc S12AA18 If you need information on the usage limit value of brake discs and the method for measuring them, we recommend that you consult your SUBARU dealer. & Brake pad S12AA28 in (mm) Brake pad wear limit 0.059 (1.5) Specifications 445 Specifications 12-2. Fuses and circuits S12AB & Fuse panel located in the passenger compartment S12AB01 Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 1 Empty 2 20 A CIGAR SEAT/H 3 7.5 A IG A-1 4 15 A AUDIO NAVI 5 15 A IG B-2 6 15 A BATT FAN 7 15 A 12 V SOCKET 8 15 A A/C IG 9 7.5 A ACC 10 7.5 A IG B-1 11 10 A IGCT No.4 12 Empty 13 7.5 A IG A-3 14 7.5 A UNIT +B 15 7.5 A METER IG 16 10 A PM IGCT 17 7.5 A MIRROR 18 7.5 A LAMP IG 19 10 A IG A-2 20 10 A SRS AIR BAG 446 Fuses and circuits Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 21 10 A IGCT No.2 22 15 A STRG/H 23 10 A DRL 24 10 A PCU 25 10 A UNIT +B2 26 10 A BACK UP 27 15 A PLUG LOCK 28 20 A TRAIL R.FOG 29 10 A INV W/P 30 7.5 A UNIT +B (IG-B) 31 Empty 32 7.5 A ILLUMI 33 7.5 A KEY SW A 34 10 A IGCT No.3 35 10 A UNIT +B3 36 7.5 A KEY SW B 37 7.5 A STOP 38 7.5 A EYE SIGHT – CONTINUED – Fuses and circuits 447 Specifications & Fuse panel located in the engine compartment S12AB02 Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 1 7.5 A HORN 2 2 7.5 A HORN 1 3 15 A H/L LO RH 4 15 A H/L LO LH 5 30 A IGCT SCENE 6 10 A H/L HI RH 7 10 A H/L HI LH 8 10 A TAIL 9 10 A ODS 10 7.5 A OBD 11 7.5 A PU B/UP 12 15 A IG-B 13 15 A HAZARD 14 20 A FUEL 15 Empty 16 10 A MB-B 17 15 A D/L 18 10 A DCM 19 Empty 20 Empty 21 15 A IG COIL 448 Fuses and circuits Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 22 10 A AVCS 23 10 A E/G2 24 Empty 25 Empty 26 20 A O2 HTR 27 15 A E/G1 28 Empty 29 30 A BACKUP 30 25 A R. DEF 31 20 A AUDIO 32 30 A VDC SOL 33 25 A MAIN FAN 34 25 A SUB FAN 35 10 A DEICER 36 15 A F. FOG 37 15 A BLOWER 38 15 A BLOWER 39 Empty 40 30 A F. WIPER 41 15 A F. WASH 42 15 A R. WIPER 43 10 A AHB-R (BI1) 44 10 A AHB-R (BI2) Fuses and circuits 449 Specifications 12-3. Bulb chart S12AC & Safety precautions S12AC03 WARNING Bulbs may become very hot while illuminated. Before replacing bulbs, turn off the lights and wait until the bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is a risk of sustaining a burn injury. CAUTION Replace any bulb only with a new bulb of the specified wattage. Using a bulb of different wattage could result in a fire. 450 Bulb chart & Bulb chart S12AC04 NOTE Lights A, B, C, D, E and F are the LED (Light Emitting Diode) type. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. – CONTINUED – Bulb chart 451 Specifications Wattage Bulb No. 1) Front turn signal light 12 V-28 W 7444NA 2) Vanity mirror light 12 V-2 W – 3) Map light 12 V-8 W – 4) Dome light 12 V-8 W – 5) Front side marker light 12 V-5 W W5W 6) Cargo area light 12 V-5 W W5W 7) Backup light 12 V-21 W W21W 8) Rear side marker light 12 V-5 W W5W 9) Tail light 12 V-5 W W5W 10) Rear turn signal light 12 V-21 W WY21W 11) License plate light 12 V-5 W W5W A) Low and high beam headlight – – B) Side turn signal light – – C) Front position light/Daytime running light/Parking light – – D) Front fog light – – E) High-mounted stop light – – F) Stop light – – 452 Bulb chart 12-4. Vehicle identification S12AD 1) Vehicle identification number (under the floor carpet of the right-hand front seat) 2) Emission control label 3) Tire inflation pressure label 4) Certification label 5) Vehicle identification number plate 6) Model number label 7) Fuel label 8) Air conditioner label Vehicle identification 453 Specifications S13 13-1. For U.S.A. 456 13-2. Tire information 456 Tire labeling . 456 Recommended tire inflation pressure 458 Glossary of tire terminology . 459 Tire care – maintenance and safety practices 464 Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle load capacities . 464 Adverse safety consequences of overloading on handling and stopping and on tires 464 Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit . 465 13-3. Vehicle load limit – how to determine .465 Calculating total and load capacities varying seating configurations 466 13-4. Uniform tire quality grading standards .468 TREADWEAR . 469 TRACTION AA, A, B, C . 469 TEMPERATURE A, B, C 469 13-5. Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.).470 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13 13-1. For U.S.A. S13AA The following information has been compiled according to Code of Federal Regulations “Title 49, Part 575”. 13-2. Tire information S13AB & Tire labeling S13AB01 Many markings (e.g. Tire size, Tire Identification Number or TIN) are placed on the sidewall of a tire by tire manufacturers. These markings can provide you with useful information on the tire. ! Tire size S13AB0101 Your vehicle comes equipped with P-Metric tire size. It is important to understand the sizing system in selecting the proper tire for your vehicles. Here is a brief review of the tire sizing system with a breakdown of its individual elements. ! P Metric S13AB010101 With the P-Metric system, Section Width is measured in millimeters. To convert millimeters into inches, divide by 25.4. The Aspect Ratio (Section Height divided by Section Width) helps provide more dimensional information about the tire size. Example: (1) P = Certain tire type used on light duty vehicles such as passenger cars (2) Section Width in millimeters (3) Aspect Ratio (= section height 7 section width). (4) R = Radial Construction (5) Rim diameter in inches ! Load and Speed Rating Descriptions S13AB010102 The load and speed rating descriptions will appear following the size designation. They provide two important facts about the tire. First, the number designation is its load index. Second, the letter designation indicates the tire’s speed rating. 456 For U.S.A. Example: (6) Load Index: A numerical code which specifies the maximum load a tire can carry at the speed indicated by its speed symbol, at maximum inflation pressure. For example, “90” means 1,323 lbs (600 kg), “89” means 1,278 lbs (580 kg). WARNING Load indices apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load. (7) Speed Rating: An alphabetical system describing a tire’s capability to travel at established and predetermined speeds. For example, “V” means 149 mph (240 km/h) WARNING . Speed ratings apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a speed rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be operated at the tire’s rated speed. . The speed rating is void if the tires are worn out, damaged, repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered from their original condition. If tires are repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered, they may not be suitable for original equipment tire designed loads and speeds. ! Tire Identification Number (TIN) S13AB0102 Tire Identification Number (TIN) is marked on the intended outboard sidewall. The TIN is composed of four groups. Here is a brief review of the TIN with a breakdown of its individual elements. (1) Manufacturer’s Identification Mark (2) Tire Size (3) Tire Type Code (4) Date of Manufacture The first two figures identify the week, starting with “01” to represent the first full week of the calendar year; the second two figures represent the year. For example, 0101 means the 1st week of 2001. ! Other markings S13AB0103 The following makings are also placed on the sidewall. ! Maximum permissible inflation pressure S13AB010301 The maximum cold inflation pressure to which this tire may be inflated. For example, “300 kPa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS” – CONTINUED – Tire information 457 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects ! Maximum load rating S13AB010302 The load rating at the maximum permissible weight load for this tire. For example, “MAX. LOAD 580 kg (1279 LBS) @ 300 kPa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS.” WARNING Maximum load rating applies only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load. ! Construction type S13AB010303 Applicable construction of this tire. For example, “TUBELESS STEEL BELTED RADIAL” ! Construction S13AB010304 The generic name of each cord material used in the plies (both sidewall and tread area) of this tire. For example, “PLIES: TREAD 2 STEEL + 2 POLYESTER SIDEWALL 2 POLYESTER” ! Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) S13AB010305 For details, refer to “Uniform tire quality grading standards” FP468. & Recommended tire inflation pressure S13AB02 ! Recommended cold tire inflation pressure S13AB0201 For recommended cold tire inflation pressure for your vehicle’s tires, refer to “Tires” FP444. ! Vehicle placard S13AB0202 The vehicle placard is attached to the driver’s side door pillar. Example: The vehicle placard shows original tire size, recommended cold tire inflation pressure on each tire at maximum loaded vehicle weight, seating capacity and loading information. ! Adverse safety consequences of under-inflation S13AB0203 Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to flex severely and to rapidly become hot. A sharp in- 458 Tire information crease in temperature could cause tread separation, and failure of the tire(s). Possible resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. ! Measuring and adjusting air pressure to achieve proper inflation S13AB0204 Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire at least once a month and before any long journey. Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the specific values. Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pressures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the outside temperature. It is best to check tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle. When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure. & Glossary of tire terminology S13AB03 . Accessory weight The combined weight (in excess of those standard items which may be replaced) of automatic transmission, power steering, power brakes, power windows, power seats, radio, and heater, to the extent that these items are available as factory-installed equipment (whether installed or not). . Bead The part of the tire that is made of steel wires, wrapped or reinforced by ply cords and that is shaped to fit the rim. . Bead separation A breakdown of the bond between components in the bead. . Bias ply tire A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread. . Carcass The tire structure, except tread and sidewall rubber which, when inflated, bears the load. . Chunking The breaking away of pieces of the tread or sidewall. . Cold tire pressure The pressure in a tire that has been driven less than 1 mile or has been standing for three hours or more. . Cord The strands forming the plies in the tire. . Cord separation The parting of cords from adjacent rubber compounds. . Cracking Any parting within the tread, sidewall, or inner liner of the tire extending to cord material. . Curb weight The weight of a motor vehicle with standard equipment including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, and if so equipped, air conditioning and additional weight optional engine. – CONTINUED – Tire information 459 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects . Extra load tire A tire designed to operate at higher loads and higher inflation pressure than the corresponding standard tire. . Groove The space between two adjacent tread ribs. . Innerliner The layer(s) forming the inside surface of a tubeless tire that contains the inflating medium within the tire. . Innerliner separation The parting of the innerliner from cord material in the carcass. . Intended outboard sidewall (1) The sidewall that contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name molding that is higher or deeper than the same molding on the other sidewall of the tire, or (2) The outward facing sidewall of an asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that must always face outward when mounting on a vehicle. . Light truck (LT) tire A tire designated by its manufacturer as primarily intended for use on lightweight trucks or multipurpose passenger vehicles. . Load rating The maximum load that a tire is rated to carry for a given inflation pressure. . Maximum inflation pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated. . Maximum load rating The load rating for a tire at the maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire. . Maximum loaded vehicle weight The sum of: (a) Curb weight (b) Accessory weight (c) Vehicle capacity weight (d) Production options weight . Maximum permissible inflation pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated. . Measuring rim The rim on which a tire is fitted for physical dimension requirements. . Normal occupant weight 150 lbs (68 kg) times the number of occupants specified in the second column of Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section. . Occupant distribution Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as specified in the third column of Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section. . Open splice Any parting at any junction of tread, sidewall, or innerliner that extends to cord material. . Outer diameter The overall diameter of an inflated new tire. . Overall width The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, including elevations due to labeling, decorations, or protective bands or ribs. 460 Tire information . Passenger car tire A tire intended for use on passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks, that have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs (4,535 kg) or less. . Ply A layer of rubber-coated parallel cords. . Ply separation A parting of rubber compound between adjacent plies. . Pneumatic tire A mechanical device made of rubber, chemicals, fabric and steel or other materials, that, when mounted on an automotive wheel, provides the traction and contains the gas or fluid that sustains the load. . Production options weight The combined weight of those installed regular production options weighing over 5.1 lbs (2.3 kg) in excess of those standard items which they replace, not previously considered in curb weight or accessory weight, including heavy duty brakes, ride levelers, roof rack, heavy duty battery, and special trim. . Radial ply tire A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at substantially 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread. . Recommended inflation pressure The cold inflation pressure recommended by a vehicle manufacturer. . Reinforced tire A tire designed to operate at higher loads and at higher inflation pressures than the corresponding standard tire. . Rim A metal support for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated. . Rim diameter Nominal diameter of the bead seat. . Rim size designation Rim diameter and width. . Rim type designation The industry of manufacturer’s designation for a rim by style or code. . Rim width Nominal distance between rim flanges. . Section width The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, excluding elevations due to labeling, decoration, or protective bands. . Sidewall That portion of a tire between the tread and bead. . Sidewall separation The parting of the rubber compound from the cord material in the sidewall. . Snow tire A tire that attains a traction index equal to or greater than 110, compared to the ASTM E-1136 Standard Reference Test Tire, when using the snow traction test as described in ASTM F-1805-00, Standard Test Method for Single – CONTINUED – Tire information 461 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects Wheel Driving Traction in a Straight Line on Snow-and Ice-Covered Surfaces, and which is marked with an Alpine Symbol “ ” on at least one sidewall. . Test rim The rim on which a tire is fitted for testing, and it may be any rim listed as appropriate for use with that tire. . Tread That portion of a tire that comes into contact with the road. . Tread rib A tread section running circumferentially around a tire. . Tread separation Pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass. . Treadwear indicators (TWI) The projections within the principal grooves designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread. . Vehicle capacity weight The rated cargo and luggage load plus 150 lbs (68 kg) times the vehicle’s designated seating capacity. . Vehicle maximum load on the tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and dividing by two. . Vehicle normal load on the tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the curb weight, accessory weight, and normal occupant weight (distributed in accordance with Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section) and dividing by 2. . Wheel-holding fixture The fixture used to hold the wheel and tire assembly securely during testing. 462 Tire information Table 1 Occupant loading and distribution for vehicle normal load for various designated seating capacities Designated seating capacity, number of occupants Vehicle normal load, number of occupants Occupant distribution in a normally loaded vehicle 2 through 4 2 2 in front. 5 through 10 3 2 in front, 1 in second seat. 11 through 15 5 2 in front, 1 in second seat, 1 in third seat, 1 in fourth seat. 16 through 22 7 2 in front, 2 in second seat, 2 in third seat, 1 in fourth seat. – CONTINUED – Tire information 463 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects & Tire care – maintenance and safety practices S13AB04 . Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. . Inspect the tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. When a tire’s tread wear indicator becomes visible, the tire is worn beyond the acceptable limit and must be replaced immediately. With a tire in this condition, driving at even low speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. Possible resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident. . To maximize the life of each tire and ensure that the tires wear uniformly, it is best to rotate the tires every 7,500 miles (12,000 km). For information about the tire rotation order, refer to “Tire rotation” FP421. Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tires at the time of rotation. After tire rotation, adjust the tire pressures and make sure the wheel nuts are correctly tightened. For information about the tightening torque and tightening sequence for the wheel nuts, refer to “Flat tires” FP366. & Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle load capacities S13AB06 The sum of four tires’ maximum load ratings must exceed the maximum loaded vehicle weight (“GVWR”). In addition, sum of the maximum load ratings of two front tires and of two rear tires must exceed each axle’s maximum loaded capacity (“GAWR”). Original equipment tires are designed to fulfill those conditions. The maximum loaded vehicle weight is referred to Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). And each axle’s maximum loaded capacity is referred to Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The GVWR and each axle’s GAWR are shown on the vehicle certification label located at the bottom of driver’s side door pillar. The GVWR and front and rear GAWRs are determined by not only the maximum load rating of tires but also loaded capacities of the vehicle’s suspension, axles and other parts of the body. Therefore, this means that the vehicle cannot necessarily be loaded up to the tire’s maximum load rating on the tire sidewall. & Adverse safety consequences of overloading on handling and stopping and on tires S13AB07 Overloading could affect vehicle handling, stopping distance, and vehicle and tire performance in the following ways. This could lead to an accident and possibly result in severe personal injury. . Vehicle stability will deteriorate. . Heavy and/or high-mounted 464 Tire information loads could increase the risk of rollover. . Stopping distance will increase. . Brakes could overheat and fail. . Suspension, bearings, axles and other body parts could break or experience accelerated wear that will shorten vehicle life. . Tires could fail. . Tread separation could occur. . Tire could separate from its rim. & Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit S13AB08 1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs.” on your vehicle’s placard. 2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle. 3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs. 4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 − 750 (5 6 150) = 650 lbs.) 5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4. 6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle. 13-3. Vehicle load limit – how to determine S13BU The load capacity of your vehicle is determined by weight, not by available cargo space. The load limit of your vehicle is shown on the vehicle placard attached to the driver’s side door pillar. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s placard. The vehicle placard also shows seating capacity of your vehicle. The total load capacity includes the total weight of driver and all passengers and their belongings, any cargo, any optional equipment such as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike carrier, etc., and the tongue load of a trailer. Therefore cargo capacity can be calculated by the following method. Cargo capacity = Load limit − (total weight of occupants + total weight – CONTINUED – Vehicle load limit – how to determine 465 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects of optional equipment + tongue load of a trailer (if applicable)) For information about vehicle loading, refer to “Loading your vehicle” FP346. & Calculating total and load capacities varying seating configurations S13BU01 Calculate the available load capacity as shown in the following examples: Example 1A Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle placard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 900 lbs or 408 kg”. For example, if the vehicle has one occupant weighing 154 lbs (70 kg) plus cargo weighing 662 lbs (300 kg). 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity by subtracting the total weight from the vehicle capacity weight of 900 lbs (408 kg). 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 84 lbs (38 kg) of cargo can be carried. Example 1B For example, if a person weighing 176 lbs (80 kg) now enters the same vehicle (bringing the number of occupants to two), the calculations are as follows. 1. Calculate the total weight. 466 Vehicle load limit – how to determine 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 92 lbs (42 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 92 lbs (42 kg) or more. Example 2A Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle placard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 408 kg or 900 lbs”. For example, the vehicle has one occupant weighing 165 lbs (75 kg) plus cargo weighing 375 lbs (170 kg). In addition, the vehicle is fitted with a trailer hitch weighing 22 lbs (10 kg), to which is attached a trailer weighing 1,764 lbs (800 kg). 10% of the trailer weight is applied to the trailer tongue (i.e. Tongue load = 176 lbs (80 kg)). 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 162 lbs (73 kg) of cargo can be carried. – CONTINUED – Vehicle load limit – how to determine 467 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects Example 2B For example, if a person weighing 143 lbs (65 kg) and a child weighing 40 lbs (18 kg) now enter the same vehicle (bringing the number of occupants to three), and a child restraint system weighing 11 lbs (5 kg) is installed in the vehicle for the child to use, the calculations are as follows. 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 32 lbs (15 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 32 lbs (15 kg) or more. 13-4. Uniform tire quality grading standards S13AC This information indicates the relative performance of passenger car tires in the area of treadwear, traction, and temperature resistance. This is to aid the consumer in making an informed choice in the purchase of tires. Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example: TREADWEAR 200 TRACTION AA TEMPERATURE A The quality grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. However, they do not apply to deep tread, winter type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 12 inches or less, or to some limited production tires. 468 Uniform tire quality grading standards All passenger car tires must conform to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades. & TREADWEAR S13AC02 The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one-half (1- 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate. & TRACTION AA, A, B, C S13AC03 The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. WARNING The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on straightahead braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics. & TEMPERATURE A, B, C S13AC04 The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. WARNING The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure. Uniform tire quality grading standards 469 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-5. Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) S13AH If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Subaru of America, Inc. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Subaru of America, Inc. To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1- 888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424- 9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from http:// www.safercar.gov. 470 Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) Index 14 A Abbreviation P3 ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) . P300 Warning light P188, P300 Access key fob P142 Warning light . P195 Accessories P431 Accessory power outlet P269 Air cleaner element . P411 Air conditioner Automatic climate control P252 Manual climate control P253 Air filtration system P258 Air flow mode P253 Alarm system P163 All-Wheel Drive warning light. P192 Alloy wheel . P423 Cleaning . P394 Antenna P262 Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) . P300 Arming the system . P164 Ashtray. P272 Assist grip. P273 Audio Antenna P262 Set. P262 Auto dimmer cancel function . P181 Auto on/off headlights. P231 Sensor . P232 Automatic headlight beam leveler Warning light . P200 Automatic Locking Retractor/Emergency Locking Retractor (ALR/ELR) P81 B Battery P429 12V P429 Drainage prevention function . P162 Jump starting. P375 Replacement (access key fob). P437 Replacement (keyless access with push-button start system) P154, P437 Replacement (remote keyless entry system) . P159 Booster seat P100 Brake Assist . P299 Booster . P298 Disc P445 Fluid . P414, P443 Parking . P310 Pedal P415 System . P298 Brake pad P445 Brake system. P298 Warning light . P189 Braking . P298 Tips P298 Breaking-in of new brake pads. P416 BSD/RCTA P314 BSD/RCTA approach indicator light/warning buzzer P318 BSD/RCTA OFF indicator P320 474 Index BSD/RCTA OFF switch. P321 BSD/RCTA warning indicator. P321 OFF indicator P201, P204, P321 OFF switch . P321 Warning indicator. P201, P204, P321 Warning volume. P319 Bulb Chart P450 Replacement . P432 C Cargo area Cover . P275 Light P265, P435 Tie-down hooks . P277 Catalytic converter . P337 Center Console P267 Center console P267 Changing Coolant. P410 Oil and oil filter P407 Charge cable. P37 Charge warning light P186 Charging. P30 Charge cable. P46 Charge port door . P43 Charging equipment. P42 Charging from an external power source P52 Charging methods . P39 Confirm the items before charging . P39 Keyless access function and charge cable connector locking system . P43 Power sources that can be used. P39 Troubleshooting P62 Using the Remote Battery Charging Timer . P57 CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator light P184 Checking Coolant level (engine). P409 Coolant level (Inverter with converter assembly) P410 Engine oil level P406 Fluid level . P414 Fluid level (brake fluid) P414 Fluid level (washer fluid) . P423 Child restraint systems P92 Installation of a booster seat P100 Installation with ALR/ELR seatbelt. P96 Lower and tether anchorages P101 Top tether anchorages P104 Child safety P4 Locks P166 Chime Light . P231 Seatbelt P81, P182 Cigarette lighter P270 Cleaning Alloy wheels P394 Interior P395 Ventilation grille P257 Climate control system P250 Automatic P252 Index 475 Manual . P253 Clock P212, P218, P228 Coat hook . P274 Combination meter display (color LCD) P202 Console P267 Continuously variable transmission (CVT). P291 Fluid P413, P443 Coolant P409, P444 Temperature high warning light P185 Coolant temperature high warning light P185 Cooling system P408 Corrosion protection. P394 D Daytime running light system P236 Defogger P244 Defrosting . P255 Deicer P244 Differential gear oil Front . P414, P443 Rear P414, P443 Dimensions . P440 Disarming the alarm system P164 Disc brake pad wear warning indicators . P299 Dome light . P264, P435 Door Locks . P160 Open warning light. P192 Unlock selection function P208 Double trip meter . P178 Drive belts P413 Driver Assist indicator . P180, P207 Driving All-Wheel Drive model P338 All-Wheel Drive warning light . P192 AWD models . P338 Drinking . P5 Drugs P6 Foreign countries . P338 Off road P340 Pets. P7 Snowy and icy roads P343 Tips . P295, P336, P338 Tired or sleepy P6 Winter. P342 E EBD system Warning P190 Electrical system P444 Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD) system . P190, P301 Warning P190 Electronic parking brake P310 Automatic release function by accelerator pedal P312 Hill Holder . P312 Indicator light . P190 Warning P313 Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR). P81 Engine Compartment overview . P405 Coolant . P409, P444 476 Index Exhaust gas (carbon monoxide) . P5, P336 Hood P403 Low oil level warning indicator. P187 Low oil level warning light . P187 Oil. P406, P441 Overheating P378 Starting & stopping P287 EV driving range P36 Event data recorder . P8 Exterior care . P392 F Flat tire repair kit . P369 Technical data . P374 Flat tires . P366 Floor mat P273 Fluid level Brake . P414 Continuously variable transmission (CVT). P413 Fog light . P238 Bulb P432, P450 Indicator light. P200 Switch P238 Front Differential gear oil P414, P443 Fog light . P238, P432, P450 Fog light indicator light . P200 Seatbelt pretensioners P87 Turn signal light . P432 Front fog light. P238, P432 Bulb P432, P450 Indicator light . P200 Switch. P238 Fuel P281, P441 Consumption indicator P205, P217 Economy hints . P336 Filler door and cap . P282 Gauge P179 Requirements P281, P441 Fuses P430 Fuses and circuits P446 G GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating). P347 Glove box P267 GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) P347 H Hazard warning flasher . P177, P364 Headlight. P231, P432 Beam leveler . P238 Bulb replacement . P432 Bulb replacing P432 Bulb wattage . P450 Control switch P231 Flasher . P233 Indicator light . P200 OFF delay function. P232 OFF delay setting. P232 Welcome lighting function P232 High Beam Assist. P233 High Beam Assist function. P233 Index 477 Indicator light. P200 High beam assist warning indicator P200 High beam indicator light P200 High/low beam change (dimmer) . P233 Hill descent control P307 Indicator . P201 Indicator light. P201 Hill Holder. P312 Indicator light. P192 Switch P313 Hook Cargo tie-down P277 Coat. P274 Convenient tie-down P277 Shopping bag P275 Towing and tie-down P380 Horn. P247 Hose and connections P409 Hybrid Battery Charge Status P179 Hybrid Mode switch P29 Hybrid system Fail lamp P185 Hybrid system features. P24 Hybrid system operation mode P26 Hybrid system precautions P31 Hybrid vehicle driving tips . P35 I Illumination brightness control . P180 Immobilizer . P155 Indicator light (security indicator light) P155, P199 Indicator light BSD/RCTA OFF. P201, P204, P320, P321 BSD/RCTA warning . P201, P204, P321 Charge cable connection indicator P185 Coolant temperature low . P185 Electronic parking brake P190 Engine hood open warning P185 EV (Electric Vehicle) mode lamp P185 Front fog light P200 Headlight. P200 High beam P200 High Beam Assist. P200 High beam assist warning . P200 Hill descent control. P201 Hill Holder . P192 Hybrid Battery Charge Mode . P185 Hybrid Battery Save Mode P185 Hybrid Fail Lamp P185 Hybrid READY. P185 Hybrid system overheat warning P185 Immobilizer P155, P199 LED headlight warning P200 Security P155, P199 Security (Immobilizer indicator light) . P155 Select lever position . P200 SI-DRIVE P199 Timer charging setting P185 Traction control system OFF P194 Turn signal P200 Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF P194 Vehicle Dynamics Control operation . P193, P194 478 Index X-MODE. P201 Inside mirror P243 Interior lights . P264 J Jack-up point. P366 Jump starting P375 K Key Number P143 Number plate P143 Replacement . P155 Keyless access with push-button start system. P142 Disabling keyless access functions P152 Keyless access function and charge cable connector locking system P43 Locking and unlocking doors . P147 Warning chimes and warning indicator . P194 When access key does not operate properly . P154, P176, P291, P384 When access key fob does not operate properly . P384 Keyless entry system . P156 L Lap belt pretensioner . P89 LCA . P316 Leather seat materials P395 LED headlights P432 License plate light P435 Light Backup . P434 Brake/Tail P432, P450 Cargo area P265, P435 Control switch P231 Daytime running. P236, P432 Dome . P264, P435 Front fog . P238, P432 Front position P231, P238, P432 Front side marker. P231, P450 Front turn P432 License plate . P435 Map P264, P435 Parking . P432 Rear combination . P432 Rear side marker light P432 Rear turn signal . P432 Stop light. P432 Tail light P432 Turn signal P239, P432 Vanity mirror P266, P435 Loading your vehicle. P346 Low fuel warning light . P191 Low tire pressure warning light. P187 Lower and tether anchorage P101 M Maintenance Precautions . P401 Schedule. P401 Index 479 Seatbelt P87 Tools P364 Malfunction indicator light (check engine warning light). P184 Manual Climate control P253 Map light . P264, P435 Maximum load limits. P353 Meters and gauges P177 Mirror defogger P244 Mirrors P243 Moonroof . P170, P389 Multi-function display (color LCD) P209 N New vehicle break-in driving . P336 O Odometer . P178 Off road driving P340 Oil filter. P407 Oil level Engine P406 Front differential gear . P414 Rear differential gear P414 Warning light . P187 Oil pressure warning light . P186 One-touch lane changer . P239 Outside Mirror defogger P244 Mirrors P243, P244 Temperature indicator . P211 Overheating engine P378 Overheating hybrid system P378 P Parking . P310 Brake P310 Light . P432 Tips P314 Parking your vehicle . P310 Periodic inspections P338 Petrol fuel P281 PIN code Access P149 Power Meter P177 Outlets P269 Outside mirrors P243 Steering P297 Steering warning light . P192 USB power supply . P271 Windows . P166 Precautions against vehicle modification . P91, P137 Preparing to drive. P287 Push-button Ignition switch P175 Pedestrian alert system . P30 Power meter P177 Starting and stopping the hybrid system . P287 480 Index R RAB (Reverse Automatic Braking) OFF indicator P201 ON/OFF setting . P330 Warning indicator. P201 RCTA . P316 Rear Combination lights . P432 Differential gear oil P414, P443 Gate P169, P388 Turn signal light . P432 Rear turn signal. P432 Rear window Defogger P244 Wiper and washer switch P242 Wiper blades . P427 Recommended Brake fluid . P415, P443 Continuously variable transmission fluid . P443 Engine oil P408, P441 Front differential gear oil . P443 Rear differential gear oil . P443 Spark plugs P413, P444 Refueling P283 Remote climate control system P158 Remote keyless entry system P156 Replacement Access key fob battery . P437 Air cleaner element P412 Brake pad . P415 Wiper blades . P424 Replacing Access key fob battery P437 Air cleaner element P412 Battery (keyless access with push-button start system) P154, P437 Battery (remote keyless entry system) P159 Battery of access key fob P437 Replacing bulbs . P432, P450 Backup light P434 Brake/tail light P432 Cargo area light . P435 Daytime running light P432 Dome light. P435 Front fog light P432 Front position light P432 Front turn signal light P432 Headlight. P432 LED headlight P432 License plate light P435 Map light . P435 Parking light P432 Rear combination light P432 Rear side marker light P432 Rear turn signal light P432 Stop light. P432 Tail light P432 Vanity mirror light . P435 Reverse Automatic Braking System P323 Rocking the vehicle P345 Roof rails. P348 Roof tent . P348 Index 481 S Safety Precautions when driving P4 Symbol . P2 Warnings P2 Sealing flat tire P366 Flat tire repair kit . P369 How to seal. P370 Safety precautions . P367 Seat Fabric. P395 Heater P78 Seatbelt P4, P79 Fastening P81 Maintenance . P87 Pretensioners P87 Safety tips. P79 Warning light and chime P81, P182 Seatbelts P79 Security Alarm system P163 Immobilizer . P155 Indicator light P155, P199 Security indicator light P199 Select lever Position indicator . P200 Shift lock function P294 Shopping bag hook P275 Shoulder pretensioners. P88 SI-DRIVE P295 Indicator light. P199 Skid suppression function P302 Snow tires . P344, P416 Snowy and icy roads P343 Sounding a panic alarm P157 Spark plugs . P413, P444 Specifications. P440 Speedometer . P177 SRS Curtain airbag P127 Frontal airbag P115 Side airbag P127 SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag) . P4, P106 SRS airbag system Monitors P135 Servicing . P136 Warning light . P183 Starting & stopping the hybrid system . P287 State emission testing (U.S. only). P285 Steering Responsive Headlight P237 Steering wheel Heater P246 Power . P297 Tilt/telescopic. P245 Stop light. P432, P451 Storage compartment P267 Sun shade . P172 Sun visors . P265 Sunshade P172 Supplemental Restraint System airbag (SRS) P4, P106 Synthetic leather upholstery. P396 482 Index T Temperature warning light Coolant. P185 Tether (child restraint system) P101, P104 Tie-down hooks . P380 Tie-down hooks/holes. P380 Tire . P416, P444 Chains P345 Inspection . P418 Pressures and wear . P418 Replacement . P421 Rotation P421 Size and pressure P444 Types . P416 Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS). P187, P308, P374, P416 Warning light . P187 Tires and wheels . P416 Tools P364 Top tether anchorages. P101, P104 Towing P380 Flat-bed truck P383 Hooks. P380 Tie-down hooks . P380 Weight P353 Traction control function . P302 Traction Control system OFF indicator light . P194 Trailer Connecting . P351 Hitch . P350, P356 Towing P352 Towing tips P358 Trailer towing . P352 Trip meter P178 Turn signal Indicator lights . P200 Lever P239 U USB power supply P271 V Valet mode P165 Vanity mirror P266, P435 Light . P435 Vehicle Capacity weight . P346 Identification P453 Symbols. P3 Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF indicator light P194 OFF switch P304 Operation indicator light . P193, P194, P303 System . P302 Warning light . P193, P194 Ventilator . P250 W Warning and indicator lights. P181 Warning chimes Keyless access with push-button start system . P194 Index 483 Seatbelt . P81, P182 Warning light ABS P188, P300 Access key fob P195 All-Wheel Drive P192 Automatic headlight beam leveler P200 Brake system P189 BSD/RCTA P201 Charge . P186 CHECK ENGINE . P184 Coolant temperature high . P185 Door open. P192 Engine hood open warning . P185 Engine low oil level P187 Hybrid fail lamp . P185 Hybrid system overheat warning P185 Icy road surface. P201 Keyless access with push-button start system. P194 LED headlight . P200 Low fuel P191 Low tire pressure . P187 Oil pressure P186 Power steering P192 RAB . P201 Seatbelt . P81, P182 SRS airbag system P183 Steering Responsive Headlight P200 Vehicle Dynamics Control P193, P194 Windshield washer fluid P187 Warranties P1 Warranties and maintenance. P353 Washing P392 Waxing and polishing P393 Wear indicators P420 Welcome lighting function P232 Wheel Alloy . P423 Balance P420 Nut tightening torque P366, P444 Replacement . P422 Windows . P166 Windshield Washer fluid P423 Wiper and washer switches. P241 Wiper blades . P425 Wiper deicer P244 Winter Driving P342 Tires . P344, P416 Wiper and washer P239 Wiper deicer P244 X X-MODE P305 Indicator P201 484 Index Following numbered illustrations are protected by copyright of Toyota Motor Corporation. All rights reserved. Corresponding illustration numbers are as follows; 001617 001623 001626 001629 001631 001642 001643 001644 001658 001663 001664 001750 GAS STATION REFERENCE S99AA & Fuel S99AA01 Use only unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI (90 RON) or higher. & Fuel octane rating S99AA02 ! RON S99AA0201 This octane rating is the Research Octane Number. ! AKI S99AA0202 This octane rating is the average of the Research Octane and Motor Octane numbers and is commonly referred to as the Anti Knock Index (AKI). & Fuel tank capacity S99AA03 13.2 US gal (50 liters, 11 Imp gal) & Engine oil S99AA04 Use only the following oils. . API classification SN with the words “RESOURCE CONSERVING” . or ILSAC GF-5, which can be identified with the ILSAC certification mark (Starburst mark) For the complete viscosity requirements, refer to “Engine oil” FP441. & Engine oil capacity S99AA05 4.4 US qt (4.2 liters, 3.7 Imp qt) The indicated oil quantity is only a guideline and is estimated based on a case when the engine oil is changed with an oil filter. After refilling the engine with oil, the oil level should be checked using the oil level gauge. For more details about maintenance and service, refer to “Engine oil” FP406. & Cold tire pressure S99AA06 Refer to “Tires” FP444.