WUC-88 Power Steering Gear Box Inspect/Replacement – 2019 Subaru Forester & Crosstrek

NHTSA Campaign Number: 19V065
Manufacturer Subaru of America, Inc.
Components STEERING
Potential Number of Units Affected 10,417

 

Loss of Electric Power Steering Assist

Loss of power steering assist would require higher steering effort, increasing the risk of a crash.

 

Summary

Subaru of America, Inc. (Subaru) is recalling certain 2019 Forester and Crosstrek vehicles. A connector inside the Electronic Power Steering (EPS) unit may short circuit resulting in a loss of electric power steering assistance.

 

Remedy

None of the affected vehicles have been sold yet. Subaru has notified dealers and they will inspect the steering gearbox, replacing it as necessary, free of charge. The recall began February 7, 2019. Owners may contact Subaru customer service at 1-844-373-6614. Subaru’s number for this recall is WUC-88.

 

Notes

Owners may also contact the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Vehicle Safety Hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY 1-800-424-9153), or go to www.safercar.gov.

 

Check if your Subaru has a Recall


NUMBER: WUC-88R
DATE: 02/12/19
REVISED: 03/05/19
NHTSA ID: 19V-065

APPLICABILITY: 2019MY Forester and Crosstrek Vehicles
SUBJECT: Power Steering Gear Box Inspect/Replacement

 

INTRODUCTION:

Subaru of America, Inc. is recalling certain 2019 model year Forester and Crosstrek vehicles to inspect and, if necessary, replace the power steering gear box.  A total of 10,417 U.S. vehicles will be affected by this recall.

 

AFFECTED VEHICLES

Coverage for all affected vehicles must be confirmed by using the Vehicle Coverage Inquiry function on subarunet.com.

This information is now available for all affected VINs currently in the system.

Model Year Carline Production Range Vehicle count
2019 Forester December 27, 2018 – January 16, 2019 6,277
2019 Crosstrek December 27, 2018 – January 16, 2019 4,140

Please be advised that as additional affected VINs are processed into the system, coverage for those vehicles will be made available.

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE DEFECT AND SAFETY RISK

A connector inside the Electronic Power Steering (EPS) control unit may form small gaps in the plastic material molding during the manufacturing process.  As a result, connector terminals inside the plastic molding may have inadequate isolation between terminals.

If a loss in isolation occurs, the EPS warning lamp will illuminate, and the EPS assist may be disabled.  Disabling of the EPS assist could result in higher steering effort, increasing the risk of a crash.

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE REMEDY

Retailers will inspect the steering gearbox on these vehicles in accordance with the specified repair procedure and if necessary, replace it with a corrected one.

 

RETAILER RESPONSIBILITY

Retailers are to promptly perform the applicable service procedures to correct all affected vehicles in their inventory.  Any vehicles listed in a recall/campaign that are in the retailer’s stock must be:

  • Immediately identified.
  • Tagged or otherwise marked to prevent their delivery or use prior to inspection and, if necessary, repair.
  • Repaired in accordance with the repair procedures outlined in this Product Campaign Bulletin.

Please be advised that it is a violation of Federal law for a dealer to deliver a new motor vehicle covered by a recall under a sale or lease until the defect is remedied. Therefore, any Authorized Subaru Retailer failing to perform the applicable service procedures to correct all affected vehicles in their inventory prior to the vehicle being placed in service may be subject to civil penalties of up to $21,000 per violation (i.e., for each vehicle), as provided in 49 CFR §578.6 and will also be in breach of the Subaru Dealer Agreement.

 

OWNER NOTIFICATION

An owner notification will not be necessary because all affected vehicles will be inspected and/or repaired prior to retail sale.

 

RETAILER AFFECTED VIN LISTS

Each retailer will receive a detailed list of affected units from their Region/Distributor.

 

SERVICE PROCEDURE:

This Service Campaign involves inspection and possible replacement of the EPS gear box assembly.  The required repair will depend on the results of an inspection of the Lot Number shown on a label affixed to the EPS assembly.  The label and Lot Number are easily seen from under the vehicle.  If the Lot Number is within the specific range provided in the Service Procedure below, the EPS gear box (steering rack) assembly must be replaced.

These vehicles can be quickly identified upon receipt by the presence of an “S” label with blue background on the windshield as shown here.  While all affected vehicles should have this label installed at the ports, retailers should always check arriving potentially applicable vehicles using vehicle inquiry to confirm if there are any open recalls/campaigns to be completed.  In a small number of cases, an “S” written with a glass marker may be found on the windshield in place of the sticker.

“S” label

 

PART INFORMATION:

NOTE:  There is no need for retailers to order any of these parts.  Parts needed to complete this procedure (both the EPS assembly and Hardware Kit) will be shipped automatically to each Retailer based upon vehicle allocation.  Vehicles trades between Retailers prior to completion of this repair should be avoided as doing so may delay proper parts supply for the receiving Retailer.

Description Part Number Application
STEERING GEAR BOX ASSEMBLY- EPS 34110SJ040  FORESTER
34110FL130 CROSSTREK
WUC-88 HARDWARE KIT* SOA635317 ALL

*The HARDWARE KIT consists of the following components:

Description Part Number Quantity Notes
FLANGE BOLT 901000462 4 EPS Gear Box Mounting Bolts
COTTER PIN 051030300 2 Cotter Pins- Part numbers are interchangeable, OK to mix.
OR
051030200
FLANGE NUT 902380017 2 Stabilizer End Link Nut
GASKET-EXHAUST PIPE FRONT 44616AA290 1 Exhaust Pipe Gaskets
GASKET-EXHAUST PIPE REAR 44022AA123 1

 

 REPAIR PROCEDURE:

1) After confirming applicability, raise the vehicle on a lift.

2) The EPS Label and Lot Number are accessible through a hole in the crossmember support as shown.

EPS Label and Lot Number

3) Inspect the label for black dots to the left of the QR code as shown.

Inspect the label for black dots

If inspection reveals a label with TWO (2) dots, REGARDLESS OF LOT NUMBER, the Service Procedure is complete.  CAREFULLY copy the Lot Number onto the Repair Order as it will be needed for Claim Submission.  Proceed to Claim Reimbursement and Entry Procedures to process the claim for Inspection Only.

 

If inspection reveals a label with either NO or only ONE dot, CAREFULLY copy the Lot Number onto the Repair Order then compare it to the ranges provided below. NOTE: Parts within these lot number ranges may be found on either Crosstrek or Forester as both of the vendor’s production lines produce parts for both carlines.

4) Start of Range – End of Range: 

1188Z21674 – 1198199999
118XZ10278 – 119X199999

If the Lot Number falls within either of these ranges, the EPS assembly MUST be replaced.

CRITICAL:  Do Not make the OK or NG determination by using just the 5-digit sequence number at the end of the Lot Number.

Use the image below for interpreting the Lot Number of the EPS assembly.

interpreting the Lot Number

REMINDER: If inspection reveals a label with TWO (2) dots, REGARDLESS OF LOT NUMBER, the Service Procedure is complete.

 

Pre-Installation EPS Gearbox Inspection:

VERY IMPORTANT:  The following brief inspection procedure below of the new part MUST be performed BEFORE installation of the new EPS gear box assembly.

There is a VERY SMALL possibility the EPS gear box was not properly centered before the plastic retainer was installed during manufacturing.  If this occurs:

  • it may be difficult to match up the marks when re-connecting the EPS gear box to the steering shaft
  • the number of turns between full steering lock left and right will be different
  • one tie-rod boot will be collapsed (or extended) more than the other.

brief inspection procedure

 

NOTES:

  • If a NG condition is identified, please take a quality photo showing the mis-alignment and contact the Techline for further instruction.
  • Although the plastic retainer cap is white in the photos, it will likely be either green or blue depending on application.
  1. When the Lot Number inspection procedure determines the EPS gear box assembly requires replacement, follow the procedure in the applicable Service Manual along with the Helpful Hints provided below. Pay close attention to the items listed as one-time-use.  They are all supplied in the Hardware Kit and MUST be replaced during reassembly.

After installation, with the front wheels pointed straight ahead, turn the steering wheel full lock right then full lock left and confirm there is no difference in the number of turns required to reach the stops.

IMPORTANT PRECAUTIONS:

  • The EPS control module continues to operate after the engine stops.  Therefore, before starting service of the EPS system which requires disconnection of the wiring harness connector, the ground cable MUST be disconnected from the battery.
  • Be careful not to let any foreign matter (dust, water, oil, etc.) enter the power steering control module wiring harness connector when removing or installing it.  If any foreign matter enters, always be sure completely remove it before re-connecting.
  1. VERY IMPORTANT: After adjusting the toe-in and steering wheel angle, tighten the lock nut on the tie rod end, always perform the Active Lane Keep System Learning Value clear (models with EyeSight) and the VDC sensor midpoint setting mode following the steps below and the applicable Service Manual.
    • Perform Active Lane Keep System Learning Value Clear:
      1. Connect the Subaru Select Monitor (SSM).
      2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.
      3. From the [Start] screen, select [Diagnosis].
      4. On [Select Vehicle] screen, input the target vehicle information and select [Set].
      5. On [Main Menu] screen, select [Each System].
      6. Select [EyeSight].
      7. Select [Work Support].
      8. Select [Clear Active Lane Keep System Learning Value].

Active Lane Keep System Learning Value Clear

 

  • Perform VDC Sensor 0 Point Setting Mode:
    1. Connect the Subaru Select Monitor (SSM).
    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.
    3. From the [Start] screen, select [Diagnosis].
    4. On [Select Vehicle] screen, input the target vehicle information and select [Set].
    5. On [Main Menu] screen, select [Each System].
    6. On [Select System] screen, select [Brake Control], and then select [Enter].
    7. On [Select Function] screen, select [Data monitor].
    8. From the Data Monitor list, select [Steering Angle Sensor], [Longitudinal G Sensor] and [Lateral G Sensor].
    9. Check that the steering angle sensor output value is”0” +/- 2 degrees. If the output value is different from the standard value, recheck the steering wheel position.
    10. Check that the output values for the longitudinal G sensor and lateral G sensor are −2 — 2 m/s2. If the output value is different from the standard value, check the installing condition of the hydraulic unit assembly VDC and the bracket COMPL  hydraulic unit VDC.
    11. On [Select Function] screen, select [Work Support].
    12. From the work support item list, select [VSC(VDC) Centering Mode], and perform the setting according to the procedure displayed on the Subaru Select Monitor screen.

VDC Sensor 0 Point Setting Mode

VDC Sensor 0 Point Setting Mode

VDC Sensor 0 Point Setting Mode

 

IMPORTANT:  Drive the vehicle for 10 minutes to confirm:

  • there are no system malfunctions
  • no warning light illumination
  • no other DTC(s) are stored.

Helpful Hints When Performing EPS Assembly Replacement:

  • Always confirm the part number on the steering gear box assembly label is correct for the vehicle being repaired BEFORE
  • REMINDER: If TWO black dots are identified on the label as shown above, the part EPS assembly does NOT need to be replaced.
  • Remove the left and right stabilizer link lower nuts but do NOT remove the stabilizer bar itself. These 2 nuts are 1-time-use, included in the Hardware Kit and MUST be replaced at reassembly.

stabilizer link lower nuts

  • Loosen the (upper) universal joint bolt on the steering column side but do NOT remove it. Leave the universal joint on the vehicle side and remove the steering gear box.

(upper) universal joint bolt

  • DO NOT separate the Lower control arm from the knuckle housing. Otherwise, additional parts will be necessary to complete the work and not only toe, but a complete wheel alignment / adjustment will be necessary.

DO NOT separate the Lower control arm from the knuckle housing

  • This repair requires a toe adjustment only. A four-wheel alignment is only necessary if there is deviation from the standard Service Manual procedures.

 

CLAIM REIMBURSEMENT AND ENTRY PROCEDURES:

Credit to perform this service campaign will be based on the submission of properly completed repair order information. Retailers may submit claims through Vehicle Claim Entry on subarunet.com.

Labor Description Labor Operation # Labor
Time
Fail
Code
Claim
Type
EPS ASSEMBLY- LOT NUMBER INSPECTION ONLY A165-948 0.2 WUC-88 RC
EPS ASSEMBLY- LOT NUMBER INSPECTION & GEAR BOX

ASSEMBLY REPLACEMENT

165-940 2.3

NOTE:  The Lot Number from the ORIGINAL Factory-installed EPS assembly MUST be entered in the Miscellaneous Detail field at Claim submission.

IMPORTANT REMINDERS:

  • SOA strongly discourages the printing and/or local storage of service information as previously released information and electronic publications may be updated at any time.
  • Always check for any open recalls or campaigns anytime a vehicle is in for servicing.
  • Always refer to STIS for the latest service information before performing any repairs.

 


NUMBER: WUC-88R
DATE: 02/12/19
REVISED: 03/05/19
NHTSA ID: 19V-065

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCRIT-19V065-2956.pdf

Download (PDF, 1.22MB)


NUMBER: WUC-88
DATE: 02/12/19
NHTSA ID: 19V-065

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCRIT-19V065-3730.pdf

Download (PDF, 1.23MB)


Updated: WUC-88 EPS Part Supply

02/19/19 (updated 2/26/18)

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCMN-19V065-4762.pdf

Download (PDF, 130KB)


WUC-88 EPS Part Supply

02/19/19 (updated 4:00PM ET)

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCMN-19V065-3440.pdf

Download (PDF, 150KB)


WUC-88 EPS Part Supply

02/19/19

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCMN-19V065-2435.pdf

Download (PDF, 101KB)


Subarunet Announcement

February 7, 2019

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCMN-19V065-9415.pdf

Download (PDF, 179KB)


Chronology of Defect / Noncompliance Determination

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RMISC-19V065-9548.pdf

Download (PDF, 104KB)


Recall Acknowledgement

March 8, 2019

https://static.nhtsa.gov/odi/rcl/2019/RCAK-19V065-6317.pdf

Download (PDF, 240KB)


Recalls Documents

https://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/acms/cs/documentList.xhtml?docId=19V065&docType=RCL


 

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