Table of contents
|Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags||1|
|Keys and doors||2|
|Instruments and controls||3|
|Starting and operating||7|
|In case of emergency||9|
|Maintenance and service||11|
|Consumer information and Reporting safety defects||13|
- 🎉【2023 Upgraded Ver. of AL519/ ML519/ ML619】Autel develops the brand-new AutoLink AL619 as the advanced ver. of Autel ML519, AL519, AL319, MS309. This AL619 OBD2 scanner can scan ABS & SRS systems, and support 10 Modes of OBD II Diagnostics Function on Worldwide Vehicles to read, erase codes and turn off the MIL, ABS, SRS warning lights so that you can better maintain your car when related malfunctions occur and make your vehicle ready for the annual test.
- 🎉【Accurate ABS/ SRS Diagnostics Functions】The ABS/ SRS diagnostic function is used to retrieve and clear codes from the ABS/ SRS systems. It can read and clear DTCs, show definitions of each code, display live data of multiple sensors in the graph to locate fault causes, and assist home mechanics to do the proper repair and clear ABS & Airbag warning lights. Diagnoses ABS/ SRS system codes on most 1996 and newer major vehicle models. Please email 📩 immoautel @ outlook. com 📩 for help.
- 🎉【All 10 Modes of OBD II Diagnostics Function】The OBD II Diagnostics function is a fast-access option that allows you to carry out a quick test on the engine system of OBD II vehicles. Read Codes, Erase Codes, Live Data, Freeze Frame, Retrieving I/M Readiness Status, O2 Monitor Test, On-Board Monitor Test, DTC Lookup, Component Test, Viewing Vehicle Information, Modules Present.
- 🎉【Live Data and Freeze Frame Data】With Live Data functions, Autel AL619 OBD2 diagnostic code reader allows you to view the live PID (Parameter Identification Data) of the vehicle's computer module(s) in text, graph to check the status of various sensors. And Freeze Frame Data enables you to view the vehicle's operating parameters at the moment a DTC is detected. These information will aid the technician by allowing the parameters to be duplicated for diagnostic and repair purposes.
- 🎉【DTC Lookup Feature】Besides showing you the code’s definition while you are reading the diagnostic trouble codes, AL619 features comparably user-friendly DTC Lookup Function which enables you to retrieve the definitions of any error codes from the large database of AL619, saving you from the hassle of wasting time searching definition of every code via Google.
- [2023 New Processor, Lifetime Free Update, No Subscription fee ] Faster! Stable! The CRP123X Elite car diagnostic scanner has a new processor, Android 7.0, 16GB of memory, 5-inch touchscreen (720P), 6100mAh rechargeable battery, One-touch Wi-Fi Lifetime Free update for more vehicle coverage, bug fixes,newly added parameters, and functionality to help you access, diagnose and fix more vehicles faster. SAVE AT LEAST $2000 PER YEAR.
- [Newly Added 3 RESET FUNCTIONS] 2023 New Ver. scan tool CRP123X Elite ADDS NEW SPECIAL FUNCTIONS--Throttle Adaptation, Oil Reset, SAS Reset. Before the trip to the mechanic, the launch crp123x elite can do deeper diagnosis for the car system and react with accurate data in minutes. Just Update the software of your CRP123X scanner, and you’ll get this high-end function at no charge.
- [Accurate & Intuitive Multi System Diagnosis] Will you be confused about what happens when the warning light of transmission, ABS, and SRS Airbag check engine flashes? Launch obd2 scanner diagnostic tool CRP123X to pinpoint the problem components for a faster diagnosis for your car instead of taking your car to the dealership, and will turn off the warning light for you after fixing the problem, make to know more about your cars and do your own repair.
- [Multiple Display of Live Data + DTC Code Definition Explanation] Launch car tools shows real-time data of oil temp, pressure, transmission temp, engine speed, coolant temperature, you will know which car part is abnormal. Data can be shown in a single, multi- graph, and merge two graphs for analysis（merge 4 PIDs in one). It’s convenient for car owners to purchase auto parts and replace it by yourself, 🔥Code Search,DTC Library provide massive information.
- [Auto VIN Smart Diagnostic&Wide Range of Vehicle Supported] Launch scanner autovin technology allows you to get your VIN and vehicle info rapidly (vehicle make, model, and year info), no need to take time to find your VIN and input one by one (Some models need to type it in manually.)It has newest car software. This car code reader support vehicle like passenger car, SUVs, minivans, 12V light-duty trucks, etc. produced by Asian, European, American, Indian, and more brands between 1996 and 2023.
- 【More Than a OBD Scanner】 Based on the NT301 FOXWELL Scanner, NT630 Plus takes OBD diagnostics to the next level by customizing all functions for ABS and SRS systems. From reading to resetting error codes, this srs abs scanner provides in-depth insights and the ability to reset services efficiently. Plug to the vehicle’s OBD2 port and follow the instructions to start diagnosis.
- 【NO.1 ABS Bleeder Scan Tool】 The brake pedal was always slowly sinking down or becoming loose? This abs brake bleeding scan tool will bleed the brake system by cycling the pump and valves to achieve a tight brake pedal. No need to cost hundreds to own a foxwell obd2 scanner with abs auto bleed can solve your issues. Refer to the step on the screen, even a beginner can do it.
- 【Not Only Error Code Erase】 Are you still pay for the reset functions one by one? The obd2 scanner with abs and srs can not only read car faults but also perform frequently required resetting services which other same priced scanners cannot do. Like airbag light reset/ SAS calibration/ Oil light reset and EPB service functions. This car scanner will make the components operates normally after part replaced and reset services.
- 【Also can Work like NT301】 The NT630 Plus car diagnostic scanner plugs to the OBD2 port directly. It scans all obd2 modules instantly, displays the live data, locates bad sensors and I/M readiness status before the annual inspection. Guides you to do the maintenance work, reduces the potential driving risk and keep a peak performance on the road.
- 【Complicate? Unreadable?】 Intuitive LCD display with clear operate instructions, even a beginner can diagnose the car faults with the NT630 Plus. Ergonomic Touch with anti-collision and anti-slip cover design, comfortable for daily car diagnose work. Unique button press sound will provide the overall tactile and visual experience to notice you a task has been completed or a command has been executed.
- 🎁 New Elite Version🎁 Easy to Use--Work out of Box🎁Function as LAUNCH CRP123E 🎁 Lifetime Update🎁 5 YEARS Back Up.
- [Engine/ABS/SRS/Transmission Diagnostic Tool]----The crp123 obd2 scanner is perfect balance of power and affordability, providing the ability to view preset, or user defined, live data streams for ENGINE, AT, ABS and SRS data, the ability to graph, record, replay and print data, read and resets codes for engine/abs/srs/transmission system.(Note: Does not work for other System and does not have Special services!)
- [Full OBDII Test Code Reader]----LAUNCH CRP123 scan tool supports all 10 modes of OBDII standard to ensure complete, accurate, system diagnosis. Read and Clear DTCs, do smog tests , I/M readiness and O2 sensor tests, Mode 06 EVAP system test, Mode 08 on-board test component test. And OBDII Code lookup tool and acronym database to assist and speed diagnosis and repair time.
- [Live Data Stream + Advanced OBDII Scanner + Lifetime Update]---- Launch crp123 scanner support for Generic OBDII Codes (P0, P2, P3 and U0); manufacturer specific codes (P1, P3 and U1); pending codes; freeze frame data; monitor and I/M readiness; live PCM stream data; graphing functionality for up to four (4) live data streams include the Engine Coolant Temperature, Long&Short Fuel Trim, the change of Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor , Throttle valve position , Generator load signal,Fuel Tank Pressure , Engine RPM, Intake Ait Temperature and so on; clears DTC codes and turns off the MIL; resets monitors; provides Data Link Connector (DLC) location hints.
- [Extensive Vehicle Coverage + 9 Languages]----The LAUNCH CRP123 reads data from ENGINE, TRANSMISSION, ABS and SRS systems from Asian, US and European manufacturers. Coverage includes Suzuki, Honda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Toyota, Mazda, Hyundai, Kia, Subaru, Infiniti, Lexus, Acura, Isuzu, Ford, GM, Chrysler, Benz, BMW, VW, Opel, Volvo, Fiat, Land Rover, Seat, Skoda, Audi, Porsche, Saab, Jaguar and many others. Support 9 different languages.
- 【Easy to Use--Work out of box】+【FOXWELL 2023 New Version】 FOXWELL NT604 Elite scan tool is the 2023 new version from FOXWELL, which is designed for those car owners who want to figure out the cause issue before fixing the car problem via scanning the most common systems like abs srs engine and transmission.The NT604 Elite diagnostic tool comes with latest software, which can be used out of box. No need to waste time to download the software first.
- 【Affordable】+【Reliable Car Health Monitor】 Will you be confused what happen when the warning light of abs/srs/transmission/check engine flashes? Instead of taking your cars to dealership, this foxwell scanner will help you do a thorough scanning and detection for your cars and pinpoint the root cause, which saves you time and money. It will t-urn off the warning light car after the problem is fixed.👉TIPS: Airbag crash/collision data can NOT be cleared even you replace the new airbag.
- 【5 in 1 Diagnostic Scanner】Compared with those auto scanners (50-100 USD), NT604 Elite code scanner not only includes their OBDII diagnosis but also it can be an abs/srs scanner, transmission and check engine code reader. When it’s an odb2 scanner, you can use it to check if your car is ready for annual test through I/M readiness menu. In addition, live data stream, built-in DTC library, data play back and print, all these features are a big plus for it.
- 【Fantastic AUTOVIN】+【No extra software fee】Through the AUTOVIN menu, this NT604 Elite car scanner allows you to get your V-IN and vehicle info rapidly, no need to take time to find your V-IN and input one by one. What's more, the NT604 Elite abs srs scanner supports 60+ car makes from worldwide (America/Asia/Europe). You don’t need to pay extra software fee.
- 【Solid protective case KO plastic carrying bag】+ 【Lifetime update】Almost all same price-level obd scanner diagnostic tool only offers plastic bag to hold on the scanner.However, NT604 Elite automotive scanner is equipped with solid protective case, preventing your obd2 scanner from damage. Then you don’t need to pay extra money to buy a solid toolbox.
- 【Multi-Function OBD2 Scanner】GODIAG GD203 code reader is a cost-effective products for your vehicle maintenance. This obd2 scanner does not only professional in checking the ABS/SRS systems, but also do a lot of special reset functions like Anti-lock Brake Reset, Electronic Park Brake Reset, Diesel Particulate Filter Reset, Oil Service Light Reset, TPMS, TPS/TBA, etc.
- 【ABS Bleeding Scan Tool】When the vehicle has replaced the ABS computer/ABS pump, replacing the brake master cylinder, brake cylinder, brake pipeline, and brake fluid, there may be air in the Car's ABS system. Our car diagnostic scanner can help you check for ABS bleeding, which you should perform the ABS bleeding to bleed the brake system to restore ABS braking sensitivity.
- 【ABS SRS Scan Tool】The function of airbags is to reduce the degree of injury to the people in the event of a vehicle collision. You need to check frequently whether the ABS SRS is functioning properly. Our code reader can help you find common airbag problems easily include: malfunctioning airbags, disconnected airbag wiring, and damaged airbag sensors.
- 【Oil Light Reset, EPA, SAS】If the brake pads are damaged, the brake pads should be replaced, and the brake pads need to be reset at the same time. When your car replaces the steering angle position sensor, the steering angle needs to be reset to find the relative zero where the car keeps driving straight. The oil light reset is required when the car oil or the mechanical parts that monitor oil life are replaced. Our obd2 scanner can do these jobs very well!
- 【Support 17 Languages and Multiple Car Models】Supported languages include English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Swedish, Italian, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Hungarian, Thai, Slovak, Dutch and Polish. This is a car scanner tool for ABS and SRS systems that supports most types of cars on the market. (Please Note: 28 special functions are excluded!)
- [ABS & SRS Scanner with Active Test] The ABS/ SRS diagnostic tool Read & clear DTCs, displays live data in a graph to locate the cause of faults and assists the home mechanic with repairs and clearing ABS and airbag warning lights. Active test sensors, valves or solenoids etc. and tracks any threats in real time. It is invaluable to have a diagnostic tool with Active Test feature that you will never find on similar ABS/ SRS scanners.
- 【3 HOP Reset Services 】Easy to set up 3 regular reset services for Oil Light, Battery Management System, and Steering Angle Position. With this obd2 scanner, you can reset the oil service light and reset pre-programmed mileage intervals for energy efficiency; adjust or reset the steering angle position to keep steering aligned; and clear the original low battery fault information. No need to leave home for shop-quality car maintenance.
- 【All OBD2 Test Modes 】 This ABS & SRS scan tool is also a full featured obd2 code reader, allowing a quick test of the engine system of OBD II vehicles, can Read/Clear engine light codes, Live Data, Freeze Frame, Retrieving I/M Readiness Status, O2 Monitor Test, On-Board Monitor Test, Evap Test, Read Vehicle Information, and help pass smog test for most post-1996 OBD2/CAN vehicles.
- [DTC LookUp Library] Can't read the code? Go to the DTC LookUp Library. The Topdon AL600 OBD2 scanner offers a wealth of code definitions so you don't have to look them up in a list or database, and the HELP function takes you to diagnostic tips for possible fixes, saving time searching for repair materials online. No other scan tool or code reader under $100 offers this level of assistance.
- [User-Oriented] You'll love the feel of this automotive scanner, with black rubber grips all around the outer edges for durability and to withstand accidental drops. With its easy access menu, you can operate all functions in minutes with just a few button presses. The 3-color LEDs give you a intuitive indication of the OBD2 test results in a second. 3 shortcut keys, one key to read/clear DTCs and a one-touch smoke status check make it easy to use even for beginners.
- 【Buy with Confidence】 As a America's No.1 diagnostic tool brand, Innova stands for innovation, quality, and accessibility in the automotive diagnostic industry. we are known for developing cutting-edge diagnostic tools that are user-friendly, reliable, and made for US by Americans.
- 【Unleash Your Drive's Potential】Much more than a car code reader, the 6100P scanner effectively reads and erases engine, ABS, SRS, and transmission codes for popular US car makes such as Ford, Chevy, Dodge, GM, etc. when the traction light is constantly on,the ability to really detect where the problem is concerning brakes and airbags enables you to make sure all safety measures in place before putting yourself in harm's way.
- 【Your Car's Health Doctor】Easily view procedures or send commands for oil change, mileage or driving time reset for most 1996 and newer OBD2 vehicles. it also monitors your oil level and oil life status, ensuring optimal vehicle health.
- 【Your Car's Personal Battery Guru】The Innova 6100P scanner is perfect for assessing the performance of the battery or alternator in your hybrid, car, SUV, minivan, or light truck diesel as well. During rough winters and scorching summers, this diagnostic tool will be invaluable when trying to root out start-up issues.
- 【Drive with Confidence and Peace】Quickly identify if your vehicle needs immediate attention with our Code Severity Levels function. This feature helps you understand whether you need to fix an issue immediately or if it can wait until you get home, keeping warning lights at bay.
- 🔧【PLUG AND PLAY - EASY TO USE】 : It only takes 3 steps to connect to the car for diagnosis without cumbersome operations. The latest FX2000 is equipped with a one-key diagnosis function, which can automatically identify the model and year of your car, and automatically diagnose the car. Even beginners can use it to read the data to find out what the fault codes mean, how serious the fault is and what options there are to fix it before you go to the repair shop.
- 🚗【FULL OBD-LEVEL DIAGNOSTICS】: Quickly determines the cause of engine system faults, reads current, permanent and pending codes. After the repair, clears the codes and turns off the warning light. In addition, the FX2000 also displays important OBD II advanced data such as fuel, live data and other manufacturer-specific parameters in real time to ensure that the engine ECU is operating correctly and safely, saving vehicle owners a lot of time and money in maintenance.
- 🚙【TRANSMISSION FAULT DIAGNOSTIC】: When noises start to come from the transmission, your car might have transmission problems. This transmission scanner will read fault codes, display live transmission system data (fluid temperature, fluid pump, clutch actuation, pressure, etc.), and ensures transmission performance is optimal for vehicle speed and load. It provides detailed TCM data of the vehicle, so you can quickly and accurately find existing or potential problems.
- 🚐【FIND OUT SRS WRONG】: It is able to read and clear fault codes in the SRS (airbag) and turn off the warning light to make sure the system is working correctly and safely. This diagnostic tool also displays a live graphical data stream of the supplemental restraint system (air bag), which allows you to analyze and verify that the air bag system is working properly.
- 🚌【ABS OBD2 SCANNER】:The FX2000 can read and clear the Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) data stream transmitted from the ABS. It can verify the operating conditions of the ABS through a series of bi-directional tests and turn off the warning light. By retrieving the ABS code data, it can check the various brake components and accurately diagnose problems.
- ABS/SRS OBD2 Scanner > Enjoy this ABS OBD2 code reader to reveal exact issues underlying in your brake, airbag, and engine systems, test individual ABS/SRS sensors, valves, or solenoids to quickly locate malfunctions (compatible with GM, Nissan, Fiat, Benz, Volvo, Land Rover, BMW, USA Ford), making sure critical safety systems work in perfect harmony together against accidents to be safe than sorry. NOTE: Only support upgrade on windows.
- 3 Most Needed Service Functions > This OBD2 scanner guides you through step by step procedures to reset oil service light and programmed mileage intervals for engine efficiency (Oil Reset); to calibrate steering wheel position for vehicle’s traveling in a straight line (SAS Reset); to clear the original low battery fault information against coming battery failures or damage (BMS Reset); saving your needless visits to mechanics.
- Full OBD2 Diagnostics > Say goodbye to the hassle of manual check-ups via this srs code reader. Quickly correct Check Engine Light warning on most OBD2/CAN compatible vehicles. Easily access to your smog status with one simple click I/M Readiness; and being filled with features for live data readings, freeze frame data, plus EVAP system, onboard monitor test means this scan tool checks all daily car care boxes.
- Work Easier > Red-Yellow-Green LEDs in this OBD2 scanner quickly show the overall DTC status without toggling through menu selections. HELP hotkey takes you directly to detailed descriptions/tips. Read/Erase DTC, I/M readiness shortcuts are added for optimized operation, along with DTC Lookup library for interpreting codes, designing the SRS OBD2 code reader a pleasure to use right out of the package even for beginners.
- Helpful Service > Get instant, free lifetime access to the most recent updates to add new car models and troubleshooting bugs making the OBD2 scanner a long-term investment for any home mechanics. The extended 1 years of quality assurance sweetens the worry-free deal even further. Multilingual Menu: EN, FR, ES, DE, IT, RU, PT, and JP. NOTE: Only support upgrade on windows.
Last update on 2023-12-03 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
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S11 Maintenance schedule 11-3 Maintenance precautions . 11-3 Before checking or servicing in the engine compartment 11-4 When checking or servicing in the engine compartment 11-5 When checking or servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is running 11-5 Maintenance tips. 11-6 Removing and reinstalling clips 11-6 Engine hood 11-9 Engine compartment overview 11-11 STI 11-11 Except STI 11-12 Engine oil. 11-13 Engine oil consumption 11-13 Checking the oil level 11-13 Changing the oil and oil filter 11-15 Recommended grade and viscosity . 11-15 Synthetic oil 11-16 Cooling system . 11-16 Cooling fan, hose and connections . 11-17 Engine coolant 11-17 Air cleaner element. 11-18 Replacing the air cleaner element 11-19 Spark plugs . 11-20 Recommended spark plugs. 11-20 Drive belts . 11-20 Manual transmission oil11-21 Recommended grade and viscosity. 11-21 Continuously variable transmission fluid11-22 Front differential gear oil (CVT models) and rear differential gear oil11-22 Recommended grade and viscosity. 11-22 Power steering fluid (STI) .11-22 Checking the fluid level 11-22 Recommended fluid 11-23 Brake fluid11-23 Checking the fluid level 11-23 Recommended brake fluid 11-24 Clutch fluid (MT models).11-24 Checking the fluid level 11-24 Recommended clutch fluid . 11-25 Brake booster 11-25 Brake pedal 11-26 Checking the brake pedal free play . 11-26 Checking the brake pedal reserve distance . 11-26 Clutch pedal (MT models).11-27 Checking the clutch function 11-27 Checking the clutch pedal free play 11-27 Hill start assist system .11-27 Replacement of brake pad and lining11-28 Breaking-in of new brake pads (models with electronic parking brake system) . 11-28 Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings (models without electronic parking brake system) . 11-28 Maintenance and service 11 Parking brake stroke (models without electronic parking brake system) . 11-29 Tires and wheels. 11-29 Types of tires 11-29 Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) (if equipped) . 11-30 Tire inspection 11-31 Tire pressures and wear 11-32 Abnormal tire wear .11- Wear indicators. 11-35 Rotational direction of tires. 11-35 Tire rotation 11-36 Tire replacement . 11-36 Wheel replacement . 11-37 Alloy wheels 11-38 Windshield washer fluid. 11-38 Replacement of wiper blades 11-39 Windshield wiper blade assembly 11-40 Windshield wiper blade rubber 11-41 Battery . 11-42 Fuses 11-43 Installation of accessories11-44 Replacing bulbs.11-44 Headlights (models with LED headlights) 11-45 High beam headlight (models without LED headlights) 11-45 Low beam headlight, front side marker light, parking light and front turn signal light 11-46 Front turn signal light (models with LED headlights) 11-48 Front fog light (models with the LED front fog light) . 11-49 Front fog light (models without the LED front fog light) (if equipped) . 11-49 Rear combination lights 11-50 License plate light 11-51 Other bulbs 11-51 Replacing battery 11-51 Safety precautions 11-51 Replacing battery of access key fob . 11-52 Replacing transmitter battery 11-53 Maintenance and service Maintenance schedule S11AA U.S. models The scheduled maintenance items required to be serviced at regular intervals are shown in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. For details, read the separate “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Canada models The scheduled maintenance items required to be serviced at regular intervals are shown in the “Warranty and Service Booklet”. For details, read the separate “Warranty and Service Booklet”. Other models Some items of your vehicle are required to be serviced at scheduled intervals. For details about your maintenance schedule, read the separate “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. NOTE You can set a reminder to be displayed when a scheduled maintenance item is almost due. For details, refer to “Maintenance settings” F3-58. Maintenance precautions S11AB When maintenance and service are required, it is recommended that all work be done by an authorized SUBARU dealer. If you perform maintenance and service by yourself, you should familiarize yourself with the information provided in this section on general maintenance and service for your SUBARU. Incorrect or incomplete service could cause improper or unsafe vehicle operation. Any problems caused by improper maintenance and service performed by you are not eligible for warranty coverage. WARNING . Testing of an All-Wheel Drive model must NEVER be performed on a single two-wheel dynamometer or similar apparatus. Attempting to do so will result in transmission damage and in uncontrolled vehicle movement and may cause an accident or injuries to persons nearby. . Always select a safe area when performing maintenance on your vehicle. . Always be very careful to avoid injury when working on the vehicle. Remember that some of the materials in the vehicle may be hazardous if improperly used or handled, for example, battery acid. . Your vehicle should only be serviced by persons fully competent to do so. Serious personal injury may result to persons not experienced in servicing vehicles. . Always use the proper tools and make certain that they are well maintained. . Never get under the vehicle supported only by a jack. Always use safety stands to support the vehicle. . Never keep the engine running in a poorly ventilated area, such as a garage or other closed areas. . Do not smoke or allow open flames around the fuel or battery. This will cause a fire. . Because the fuel system is under pressure, replacement of the fuel filter should be performed only by your SUBARU dealer. . Wear adequate eye protection to guard against getting oil or fluids – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Maintenance schedule 11-3 in your eyes. If something does get in your eyes, thoroughly wash them out with clean water. . Do not tamper with the wiring of the SRS airbag system or seatbelt pretensioner system, or attempt to take its connectors apart, as that may activate the system or it can render it inoperative. NEVER use a circuit tester for this wiring. If your SRS airbag or seatbelt pretensioner needs service, consult your nearest SUBARU dealer. NOTE SUBARU does not endorse the use of non-SUBARU approved flushing systems and strongly advises against performing these services on a SUBARU vehicle. Non-SUBARU approved flushing systems use chemicals and/or solvents which have not been tested or approved by SUBARU. SUBARU warranties do not cover any part of the vehicle which is damaged by adding or applying chemicals and/or solvents other than those approved or recommended by SUBARU. & Before checking or servicing in the engine compartment S11AB01 WARNING . Always stop the engine and apply the parking brake to prevent the vehicle from moving. . Always let the engine cool down. Engine parts become very hot when the engine is running and remain hot for some time after the engine has stopped. . Do not spill engine oil, engine coolant, brake fluid or any other fluid on hot engine components. This may cause a fire. . When the ignition switch is in the “ON” position, the cooling fan may operate suddenly even when the engine is stopped. If your body or clothes come into contact with a rotating fan, that could result in serious injury. To avoid risk of injury, perform the following precautions. – Models with push-button start system: Always turn the push-button ignition switch to the “OFF” position and confirm that the operation indicator on the switch is turned off. Then take the access key fob out from the vehicle. – Models without push-button start system: Always remove the key from the ignition switch. . Before performing any servicing on a vehicle equipped with a remote engine start system (a dealer option) temporarily place that system in the service mode to prevent it from unexpectedly starting the engine. 11-4 Maintenance and service/Maintenance precautions & When checking or servicing in the engine compartment S11AB03 CAUTION . Do not contact the drive belt cover while checking the components in the engine compartment. Doing so may cause your hand to slip off the cover and result in an unexpected injury. . Do not touch the oil filter until the engine has cooled down completely. Doing so may result in a burn or other injury. Note that the oil filter becomes very hot when the engine is running and remains hot for some time after the engine has stopped. . Do not apply force on the fender insulator by placing your hands on it, etc. Deformation of the insulator and its mount may occur. & When checking or servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is running S11AB02 WARNING A running engine can be dangerous. Keep your fingers, hands, clothing, hair and tools away from the cooling fan, drive belt and any other moving engine parts. Removing rings, watches and ties is advisable. Maintenance and service/Maintenance precautions 11-5 Maintenance tips S11BI Some clips and fender linings must be removed before replacing the air cleaner elements or specific bulbs. & Removing and reinstalling clips S11BI01 ! Removing clips S11BI0101 There are several types of clips used for your vehicle. ! Type A clips S11BI010101 1. Turn the clips counterclockwise using a flat-head screwdriver until the center portion of the clip is raised. 2. Remove the clips with a flat-head screwdriver using leverage. 3. Remove the entire clip by pulling it up. ! Type B clips S11BI010102 ! Type C clips S11BI010103 1. Pull out the center portion of the clip using a flat-head screwdriver as shown in the illustration. 2. Pull the protruded center portion to remove the entire body of the clip. 11-6 Maintenance and service/Maintenance tips ! Type D clips S11BI010104 1. Turn the clip counterclockwise using a Phillips screwdriver until the center portion of the clip is raised. 2. Remove the entire clip by pulling it up. ! Type E clips S11BI010105 1. Push the center portion of the clip using a Phillips screwdriver until the clip is raised. 2. Remove the entire clip by pulling it up. ! Type F clips S11BI010106 1. Pull out the head of the clip using a flathead screwdriver as shown in the illustration. 2. Remove the entire clip by pulling it up. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Maintenance tips 11-7 ! Reinstalling clips S11BI0102 ! Type A clips S11BI010201 ! Type B clips S11BI010202 ! Type C clips S11BI010203 ! Type D clips S11BI010204 ! Type E clips S11BI010205 Insert the clip without the center portion first and then push the center portion of the clip into the hole. 11-8 Maintenance and service/Maintenance tips ! Type F clips S11BI010206 Insert the clip without the head first and then push the head of the clip into the hole. Engine hood S11AC To open the hood: 1. If the wiper blades are lifted off the windshield, return them to their original position. 2. Pull the hood lock release knob under the instrument panel. 3. Release the secondary hood release by moving the lever between the front grille and the hood toward the left. 4. Lift up the hood. To close the hood: 1. Lower the hood to a height of approximately 11.8 in (30 cm) above its closed position and then let it drop. 2. After closing the hood, be sure the hood is securely locked. If this does not close the hood, release it from a slightly higher position. Do not push the hood forcibly to close it. It could deform the metal. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Engine hood 11-9 WARNING Always check that the hood is properly locked before you start driving. If it is not, it might fly open while the vehicle is moving and block your view, which may cause an accident and serious bodily injury. CAUTION . When you open the engine hood, do not stand the wiper blades up. Furthermore, while the hood is open, do not operate the windshield wipers. Doing so could result in damage to the engine hood and wiper blades. . Be extremely careful not to catch fingers or other objects when closing the engine hood. . Do not push the hood forcibly to close it. It could deform the metal. . Be extremely careful opening the engine hood when the wind is strong. The engine hood could close suddenly, possibly causing injuries from slamming. . Do not install accessories other than genuine SUBARU parts to the engine hood. If the engine hood becomes too heavy, the stay may not be able to support holding it open. 11-10 Maintenance and service/Engine hood Engine compartment overview S11AD & STI S11AD13 1) Power steering fluid reservoir (page 11-22) 2) Brake fluid reservoir/Clutch fluid reservoir (page 11-23) 3) Fuse box (page 11-43) 4) Battery (page 11-42) 5) Windshield washer tank (page 11-38) 6) Engine oil filler cap (page 11-13) 7) Engine coolant reservoir (page 11-17) 8) Engine oil level gauge (page 11-13) 9) Coolant filler tank cap (page 11-17) 10) Air cleaner case (page 11-18) – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Engine compartment overview 11-11 & Except STI S11AD11 1) Brake fluid reservoir/Clutch fluid reservoir (MT models) (page 11-23) 2) Fuse box (page 11-43) 3) Battery (page 11-42) 4) Windshield washer tank (page 11-38) 5) Engine oil filler cap (page 11-13) 6) Engine coolant reservoir (page 11-17) 7) Radiator cap (page 11-17) 8) Engine oil filter (page 11-15) 9) Engine oil level gauge (page 11-13) 10) Air cleaner case (page 11-18) 11-12 Maintenance and service/Engine compartment overview Engine oil S11AE CAUTION . If the level gauge is not pulled out easily, twist the level gauge right and left, then pull it out. Otherwise, you may be injured accidentally straining yourself. . Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. . Be careful not to spill engine oil when adding it. If oil touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine oil gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. & Engine oil consumption S11AE07 Some engine oil will be consumed while driving. The rate of consumption can be affected by such factors as transmission type, driving style, terrain and temperature. Under the following conditions, oil consumption can be increased and thus require refilling between maintenance intervals: . When the engine is new and within the break-in period . When the engine oil is of lower quality . When the incorrect oil viscosity is used . When engine braking is employed (repeatedly) . When the engine is operated at high engine speeds (for extended periods of time) . When the engine is operated under heavy loads (for extended periods of time) . When the engine idles for extended periods of time . When the vehicle is operated in stop and go and/or heavy traffic situations . When the vehicle is used under severe thermal conditions . When the vehicle accelerates and decelerates frequently Under these or similar conditions, you should check your oil at least every 2nd fuel fill-up and change your engine oil more frequently. Different drivers in the same car may experience different results. If your oil consumption rate is greater than expected, contact your authorized SUBARU retailer who may perform a test under controlled conditions. & Checking the oil level S11AE01 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and stop the engine. If you check the oil level just after stopping the engine, wait a few minutes for the oil to drain back into the oil pan before checking the level. STI 1) Oil level gauge 2) Oil filler cap – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Engine oil 11-13 Except STI 1) Oil level gauge 2) Oil filler cap 3) Oil filter CAUTION If the level gauge is not pulled out easily, twist the level gauge right and left, then pull it out. Otherwise, you may be injured accidentally straining yourself. 2. Pull out the level gauge, wipe it clean, and insert it again. 3. Be sure the level gauge is correctly inserted until it stops. STI 1) Notch 2) Full level 3) Low level 4) Approximately 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) from low level to full level Except STI 1) Full level 2) Low level 3) Approximately 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) from low level to full level 4. Pull out the oil level gauge again. 5. STI: Check the oil level on the gauge. If the oil level is below the low level mark, add oil so that the full level is reached. Except STI: Check the oil levels on both sides of the level gauge. Judge the engine oil level by the lowest of the two levels. If the oil level is below the low level mark, add oil so that the full level is reached. 11-14 Maintenance and service/Engine oil CAUTION . For models except STI, be careful not to touch the engine oil filter when removing the oil filler cap. Doing so may result in a burn, a pinched finger, or may cause some other injury. . Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. . Be careful not to spill engine oil when adding it. If oil touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine oil gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. To add engine oil, remove the engine oil filler cap and slowly pour engine oil through the filler neck. After pouring oil into the engine, you must use the level gauge to confirm that the oil level is correct. For models STI, just after driving or while the engine is warm, the engine oil level reading may be in a range between the upper level and the notch mark. This is caused by thermal expansion of the engine oil. NOTE To prevent overfilling the engine oil, do not add any additional oil above the upper level when the engine is cold. & Changing the oil and oil filter S11AE02 Change the oil and oil filter according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. The engine oil and oil filter must be changed more frequently than listed in the maintenance schedule when driving on dusty roads, when short trips are frequently made, or when driving in extremely cold weather. NOTE . Changing the engine oil and oil filter should be performed by a well-trained expert. Contact your SUBARU dealer for changing the engine oil and oil filter. Fully trained mechanics are on standby at a SUBARU dealer to utilize the special tools, spare parts and recommended oil for this work, and also, used oils are properly disposed of. . If performing oil replacement yourself, observe the local regulations and dispose of waste oil properly. & Recommended grade and viscosity S11AE03 CAUTION Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity. Refer to “Engine oil” F12-4. NOTE Engine oil viscosity (thickness) affects fuel economy. Oils of lower viscosity provide better fuel economy. However, in hot weather, oil of higher viscosity is required to properly lubricate the engine. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Engine oil 11-15 & Synthetic oil S11AE05 You must follow the oil and filter changing intervals shown in the Warranty and Maintenance booklet. NOTE Synthetic oil of the grade and viscosity noted in chapter 12 is the recommended engine oil for optimum engine performance. Conventional oil may be used if synthetic oil is unavailable. Cooling system S11AF WARNING . Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been shut off and has cooled down completely. Since the coolant is under pressure, you may suffer serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is removed. . Be careful of the rotating cooling fan when the engine hood is open. When the engine temperature is high, the cooling fan in the engine compartment may operate when the ignition switch is in the “ON” position, even if the engine is stopped. Touching the cooling fan while it is rotating may result in injury. CAUTION . Vehicles are filled at the factory with SUBARU Super Coolant that does not require the first change for 11 years/137,500 miles (11 years/220,000 km). Do not mix this coolant with any other brand or type of coolant during this period. Mixing with a different coolant will reduce the life of the coolant. Should it be necessary to top up the coolant for any reason, use only SUBARU Super Coolant. If the SUBARU Super Coolant is diluted with another brand or type, the maintenance interval is shortened to that of the mixing coolant. . Do not splash the engine coolant over painted parts. The alcohol contained in the engine coolant may damage the paint surface. 11-16 Maintenance and service/Cooling system & Cooling fan, hose and connections S11AF03 Your vehicle employs an electric cooling fan which is thermostatically controlled to operate when the engine coolant reaches a specific temperature. Temperature gauge 1) Normal operating range If the radiator cooling fan does not operate even when the engine coolant temperature gauge exceeds the normal operating range, the cooling fan circuit may be defective. Refer to “Temperature gauge” F3-11. Check the fuse and replace it if necessary. Refer to “Fuses” F11-43 and “Fuses and circuits” F12-10. If the fuse is not blown, have the cooling system checked by your SUBARU dealer. If frequent addition of coolant is necessary, there may be a leak in the engine cooling system. It is recommended that the cooling system and connections be checked for leaks, damage, or looseness. & Engine coolant S11AF02 ! Checking the coolant level S11AF0201 1) “FULL” level mark 2) “LOW” level mark Check the coolant level at each fuel stop. 1. Check the coolant level on the outside of the reservoir while the engine is cool. 2. If the level is close to or lower than the “LOW” level mark, add coolant up to the “FULL” level mark. If the reserve tank is empty, remove the radiator cap and refill coolant up to just below the filler neck as shown in the following illustration. STI 1) Fill up to this level – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Cooling system 11-17 Except STI 1) Fill up to this level 3. After refilling the reserve tank and the radiator, reinstall the cap and check that the rubber gaskets inside the radiator cap are in the proper position. CAUTION . Be careful not to spill engine coolant when adding it. If coolant touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If engine coolant gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. . Do not splash the engine coolant over painted parts. The alcohol contained in the engine coolant may damage the paint surface. ! Changing the coolant S11AF0202 It may be difficult to change the coolant. Have the coolant changed by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. Have the coolant changed according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Air cleaner element S11AG WARNING Do not operate the engine with the air cleaner element removed. The air cleaner element not only filters intake air but also stops flames if the engine backfires. If the air cleaner element is not installed when the engine backfires, you could be burned. CAUTION When replacing the air cleaner element, use a genuine SUBARU air cleaner element. If it is not used, there is the possibility of causing a negative effect to the engine. The air cleaner element functions as a filter screen. When the element is perforated or removed, engine wear will be excessive and engine life shortened. It is not necessary to clean or wash the air cleaner element. 11-18 Maintenance and service/Air cleaner element & Replacing the air cleaner element S11AG01 Replace the air cleaner element according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Under extremely dusty conditions, replace it more frequently. It is recommended that you always use genuine SUBARU parts. ! STI S11AG0114 NOTE It may be difficult to replace the air cleaner element. Have the air cleaner element replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. ! Except STI S11AG0115 1) Clips 1. Unsnap the two clips holding the air cleaner case cover. 1) Air cleaner case 2) Air cleaner case cover 2. Open the air cleaner case and pull the cover rearward while lifting it up. 3. Remove the air cleaner element. 4. Clean the inside of the air cleaner case and case cover with a damp cloth and install a new air cleaner element. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Air cleaner element 11-19 5. To install the air cleaner case cover, insert the projections on the air cleaner case cover into the slits on the air cleaner case. The illustration above shows an example in which the projections are not fitted into the slits correctly. 6. Install in the reverse order of removal. Spark plugs S11AH It may be difficult to replace the spark plugs. It is recommended that you have the spark plugs replaced by your SUBARU dealer. Have the spark plugs replaced according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. & Recommended spark plugs S11AH01 For the recommended spark plugs, refer to “Electrical system” F12-8. Drive belts S11AI NOTE For models except STI, it is unnecessary to check the deflection of the drive belt periodically because this engine is equipped with an automatic belt tension adjuster. However, have the belt replaced according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. If the drive belt is loose, cracked or worn, contact your SUBARU dealer. 11-20 Maintenance and service/Spark plugs STI 1) Power steering oil pump pulley 2) Front side belt 3) Alternator pulley 4) Air conditioner compressor pulley 5) Rear side belt 6) Crank pulley A) 22 lbf (98 N, 10 kgf) CAUTION The front side belt, which runs in conjunction with the following components, must be used within the specified deflection. . Power steering oil pump pulley . Alternator pulley . Crank pulley Check the deflection of the front side belt and if there is any looseness, cracks, wear or unusual noise on the front side belt, contact your SUBARU dealer. Continuing to use the vehicle with the belt outside of the specification may cause the engine to malfunction and the above components to malfunction. To check the deflection of the front side belt, place a straightedge (ruler) across two adjacent pulleys (alternator pulley and crank pulley) and apply a force of 22 lbf (98 N, 10 kgf) midway between the pulleys by using a spring scale. The belt deflection should be the amount specified. If the front side belt is loose, cracked or worn, contact your SUBARU dealer. in (mm) Deflection New belt Used belt A 0.28 – 0.35 (7.0 – 9.0) 0.35 – 0.43 (9.0 – 11.0) The rear side belt is a stretch-type belt, therefore the deflection does not need to be checked. If there are cracks or wear confirmed on the belts and a squeaking noise is heard from them, contact your SUBARU dealer. Manual transmission oil S11AJ It is not necessary to check the transmission oil level. Check that there are no cracks, damage or leakage. However, have the oil inspected by your SUBARU dealer according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for details. & Recommended grade and viscosity S11AJ02 Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together. For details, refer to “Manual transmission, front differential and rear differential gear oil” F12-6. Maintenance and service/Manual transmission oil 11-21 Continuously variable transmission fluid S11AY It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level. Check that there are no cracks, damage or leakage. However, have the fluid inspected by your SUBARU dealer according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for details. Front differential gear oil (CVT models) and rear differential gear oil S11BL It is not necessary to check the gear oil level. Check that there are no cracks, damage or leakage. However, have the oil inspected by your SUBARU dealer according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Consult your SUBARU dealer for details. & Recommended grade and viscosity S11BL01 Each oil manufacturer has its own base oils and additives. Never use different brands together. For details, refer to “Manual transmission, front differential and rear differential gear oil” F12-6. CAUTION Using a differential gear oil other than the specified oil may cause a decline in vehicle performance. Power steering fluid (STI) S11AN & Checking the fluid level S11AN01 The power steering fluid expands greatly as its temperature rises; the fluid level differs according to fluid temperature. Therefore, the reservoir tank has two different checking ranges for hot and cold fluids. Check the power steering fluid level monthly. 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, and stop the engine. 2. Check the fluid level of the reservoir tank. When the fluid is hot after the vehicle has been run: Check that the oil level is between “HOT MIN” and “HOT MAX” on 11-22 Maintenance and service/Continuously variable transmission fluid the surface of the reservoir tank. When the fluid is cool before the vehicle is run: Check that the oil level is between “COLD MIN” and “COLD MAX” on the surface of the reservoir tank. 3. If the fluid level is lower than the applicable “MIN” line, add the recommended fluid as necessary to bring the level between the “MIN” and “MAX” line. If the fluid level is extremely low, it may indicate possible leakage. Consult your SUBARU dealer for an inspection. WARNING Be careful not to burn yourself because the fluid may be hot. CAUTION . When you add power steering fluid, use only clean fluid, and be careful not to allow any dirt into the tank. And never use different brands together. . Be careful not to spill power steering fluid when adding it. If power steering fluid touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If power steering fluid gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. & Recommended fluid S11AN02 Refer to “Fluids” F12-7. Brake fluid S11AO & Checking the fluid level S11AO01 WARNING . Never let brake fluid contact your eyes because brake fluid can be harmful to your eyes. If brake fluid gets in your eyes, immediately flush them thoroughly with clean water. For safety, when performing this work, wearing eye protection is advisable. . Brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause a dangerous loss of braking performance. . If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be a leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer. CAUTION . When adding brake fluid, be careful not to allow any dirt into the reservoir. . Never splash the brake fluid over painted surfaces or rubber parts. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Brake fluid 11-23 Alcohol contained in the brake fluid may damage them. . Be careful not to spill brake fluid when adding it. If brake fluid touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If brake fluid gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. 1) “MAX” level line 2) Check the brake fluid level in this area. 3) “MIN” level line Check the fluid level monthly. Check the fluid level on the outside of the reservoir. Because this reservoir is used for both the brake and clutch systems and has chambers for each system, be sure to check the fluid level for the brake system at the front part of the reservoir (shaded area in the illustration). If the fluid level is below “MIN”, add the recommended brake fluid to “MAX”. Use only brake fluid from a sealed container. & Recommended brake fluid S11AO02 Refer to “Fluids” F12-7. CAUTION Never use different brands of brake fluid together. Also, avoid mixing DOT 3 and DOT 4 brake fluids even if they are the same brand. Clutch fluid (MT models) S11AP & Checking the fluid level S11AP01 WARNING Never let clutch fluid contact your eyes because clutch fluid can be harmful to your eyes. If clutch fluid gets in your eyes, immediately flush them thoroughly with clean water. For safety, when performing this work, wearing eye protection is advisable. CAUTION . Clutch fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause improper clutch operation. . If the vehicle requires frequent refilling, there may be a leak. If you suspect a problem, have the vehicle checked at your SUBARU dealer. . When you add clutch fluid, be careful not to allow any dirt into the tank. . Never splash the clutch fluid over painted surfaces or rubber parts. 11-24 Maintenance and service/Clutch fluid (MT models) Alcohol contained in the clutch fluid may damage them. . Be careful not to spill clutch fluid when adding it. If clutch fluid touches the exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If clutch fluid gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it off. . Check the fluid level for the clutch system at the inboard side of the reservoir. You cannot check the fluid level at the outboard side of the reservoir. 1) “MAX” level line 2) Check the clutch fluid level in this area. 3) “MIN” level line Check the fluid level monthly. Check the fluid level on the outside of the reservoir. Because this reservoir is used for both the brake and clutch systems and has chambers for each system, be sure to check the fluid level for the clutch system at the inboard side of the reservoir (shaded area in the illustration). If the fluid level is below “MIN”, add the recommended clutch fluid to “MAX”. Use only clutch fluid from a sealed container. & Recommended clutch fluid S11AP02 Refer to “Fluids” F12-7. CAUTION Never use different brands of clutch fluid together. Also, avoid mixing DOT 3 and DOT 4 brake fluids even if they are the same brand. Brake booster S11AQ If the brake booster does not operate as described in the following, have it checked by your SUBARU dealer. 1. With the engine off, depress the brake pedal several times, applying the same pedal force each time. The distance the pedal travels should not vary. 2. With the brake pedal depressed, start the engine. The pedal should move slightly down to the floor. 3. With the brake pedal depressed, stop the engine and keep the pedal depressed for 30 seconds. The pedal height should not change. 4. Start the engine again and run for approximately one minute then turn it off. Depress the brake pedal several times to check the brake booster. The brake booster operates properly if the pedal stroke decreases with each depression. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Brake booster 11-25 NOTE When you depress the brake pedal strongly or suddenly, you might feel that lighter depression of the brake pedal generates a greater braking force. However, even though these occur, they do not indicate any malfunctions, and the brake assist system is operating properly. Brake assist is not a system that brings more braking ability to the vehicle beyond its breaking capability. Brake pedal S11AR Check the brake pedal free play and reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. & Checking the brake pedal free play S11AR01 1) 0.02 – 0.11 in (0.5 – 2.7 mm) Stop the engine and firmly depress the brake pedal several times. Lightly pull the brake pedal up with one finger to check the free play with a force of less than 2 lbf (10 N, 1 kgf). If the free play is not within proper specification, contact your SUBARU dealer. & Checking the brake pedal reserve distance S11AR02 1) More than 2.56 in (65 mm) Depress the pedal with a force of approximately 66 lbf (294 N, 30 kgf) and measure the distance between the upper surface of the pedal pad and the floor. When the measurement is smaller than the specification, or when the pedal does not operate smoothly, contact with your SUBARU dealer. 11-26 Maintenance and service/Brake pedal Clutch pedal (MT models) S11AS Check the clutch pedal free play according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. & Checking the clutch function S11AS01 Check the clutch engagement and disengagement. 1. With the engine idling, check that there are no abnormal noises when the clutch pedal is depressed, and that shifting into 1st or reverse feels smooth. 2. Start the vehicle by releasing the pedal slowly to check that the engine and transmission smoothly couple without any sign of slippage. & Checking the clutch pedal free play S11AS02 1) 0.16 – 0.43 in (4.0 – 11.0 mm) Lightly depress the clutch pedal down with your finger until you feel resistance, and check the free play. If the free play is not within proper specification, contact your SUBARU dealer. Hill start assist system S11BF Ensure that the Hill start assist system operates properly under the following circumstances. 1. Stop the vehicle on an uphill grade by depressing the brake pedal (all models) and clutch pedal (MT models only), with the engine running. 2. Make sure that the vehicle does not move backward for several seconds after the brake pedal is released. 3. Then make sure the vehicle starts climbing the grade by following the normal starting procedures. If the Hill start assist system does not operate as described above, contact your SUBARU dealer. Maintenance and service/Clutch pedal (MT models) 11-27 Replacement of brake pad and lining S11AT The disc brakes have audible wear indicators on the brake pads. If the brake pads wear close to their service limit, the wear indicator makes a very audible scraping noise when the brake pedal is applied. If you hear this scraping noise each time you apply the brake pedal, have the brake pads serviced by your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. CAUTION . It is recommended that you disconnect the vehicle battery before replacing the brake pad. However, it is dangerous to disconnect the vehicle battery. We recommend that you have your SUBARU dealer replace the brake pad. . If you continue to drive despite the scraping noise from the audible brake pad wear indicator, it will result in the need for costly brake rotor repair or replacement. & Breaking-in of new brake pads (models with electronic parking brake system) S11AT02 When replacing the brake pad, use only genuine SUBARU parts. After replacement, break in the new parts as follows. ! Brake pad S11AT0201 While maintaining a speed of 30 to 40 mph (50 to 65 km/h), step on the brake pedal lightly. Repeat this five or more times. Also, apply and release the electronic parking brake five or more times. & Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings (models without electronic parking brake system) S11AT01 When replacing the brake pad or lining, use only genuine SUBARU parts. After replacement, break in the new parts as follows. ! Brake pad and lining S11AT0101 While maintaining a speed of 30 to 40 mph (50 to 65 km/h), step on the brake pedal lightly. Repeat this five or more times. ! Parking brake lining S11AT0102 1. Drive the vehicle at a speed of approximately 22 mph (35 km/h). 2. With the parking brake release button pushed in, pull the parking brake lever SLOWLY and GENTLY (pulling with a force of approximately 33.7 lbf [150 N, 15.3 kgf]). 3. Drive the vehicle for approximately 220 yards (200 meters) in this condition. 4. Wait 5 to 10 minutes for the parking brake to cool down. Repeat this procedure. 5. Check the parking brake stroke. If the parking brake stroke is out of the specified range, adjust it by turning the adjusting nut located on the parking brake lever. 11-28 Maintenance and service/Replacement of brake pad and lining Parking brake stroke: 7 – 8 notches / 45 lbf (200 N, 20.4 kgf) WARNING Select a safe location and situation for break-in driving. CAUTION Pulling the parking brake lever too forcefully may cause the rear wheels to lock. To avoid this, be certain to pull the lever up slowly and gently. Parking brake stroke (models without electronic parking brake system) S11AU Check the parking brake stroke according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. When the parking brake is properly adjusted, braking power is fully applied by pulling the lever up 7 to 8 notches gently but firmly (approximately 45 lbf [200 N, 20.4 kgf]). If the parking brake lever stroke is not within the specified range, have the brake system checked and adjusted at your SUBARU dealer. Tires and wheels S11AV & Types of tires S11AV01 You should be familiar with type of tires present on your vehicle. ! All season tires S11AV0101 All season tires are designed to provide an adequate measure of traction, handling and braking performance in year-round driving including snowy and icy road conditions. However all season tires do not offer as much traction performance as winter (snow) tires in heavy or loose snow or on icy roads. All season tires are identified by “ALL SEASON” and/or “M+S” (Mud & Snow) on the tire sidewall. ! Summer tires S11AV0102 Summer tires are high-speed capability tires best suited for highway driving under dry conditions. Summer tires are inadequate for driving on slippery roads such as on snow-covered or icy roads. If you drive your vehicle on snow-covered or icy roads, we strongly recommend the use of winter (snow) tires. When installing winter tires, be sure to replace all four tires. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Parking brake stroke (models without electronic parking brake system) 11-29 ! Winter (snow) tires S11AV0103 Winter tires are best suited for driving on snow-covered and icy roads. However winter tires do not perform as well as summer tires and all season tires on roads other than snow-covered and icy roads. & Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) (if equipped) S11AV02 The tire pressure monitoring system provides the driver with a warning message by sending a signal from a sensor that is installed in each wheel when tire pressure is severely low. The tire pressure monitoring system will activate only when the vehicle is driven. Also, this system may not react immediately to a sudden drop in tire pressure (for example, a blow-out caused by running over a sharp object). Low tire pressure warning light If you adjust the tire pressures in a warm garage and will then drive the vehicle in cold outside air, the resulting drop in tire pressures may cause the low tire pressure warning light to illuminate. To avoid this problem when adjusting the tire pressures in a warm garage, inflate the tires to pressures higher than those shown on the tire placard. Specifically, inflate them by an extra 1 psi (6.9 kPa, 0.07 kgf/cm2) for every difference of 108F (5.68C) between the temperature in the garage and the temperature outside. By way of example, the following table shows the required tire pressures that correspond to various outside temperatures when the temperature in the garage is 608F (15.68C). Example: Tire size: 245/40R18 97W Standard tire pressures: Front: 33 psi (230 kPa, 2.3 kgf/cm2) Rear: 32 psi (220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2) Garage temperature: 608F (15.68C) Outside temperature Adjusted pressure [psi (kPa, kgf/cm2)] Front Rear 308F (−18C) 36 (250, 2.5) 35 (240, 2.4) 108F (−128C) 38 (260, 2.6) 37 (255, 2.55) −108F (−238C) 40 (275, 2.75) 39 (270, 2.7) If the low tire pressure warning light illuminates when you drive the vehicle in cold outside air after adjusting the tire pressures in a warm garage, re-adjust the tire pressures using the method described above. Then, increase the vehicle speed to at least 20 mph (32 km/h) and check to see that the low tire pressure warning light turns off a few minutes later. If the low tire pressure warning light does not turn off, the tire pressure monitoring system may not be functioning normally. In this event, go to a SUBARU dealer to have the system inspected as soon as possible. While the vehicle is driven, friction between tires and the road surface causes the tires to warm up. After illumination of 11-30 Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels the low tire pressure warning light, any increase in the tire pressures caused by an increase in the outside air temperature or by an increase in the temperature in the tires can cause the low tire pressure warning light to turn off. System resetting is necessary when the wheels are changed (for example, a switch to snow tires) and new TPMS valves are installed on the newly fitted wheels. Have this work performed by a SUBARU dealer following wheel replacement. It may not be possible to install TPMS valves on certain wheels that are on the market. Therefore, if you change the wheels (for example, a switch to snow tires), use wheels that have the same part number as the standard-equipment wheels. Without four operational TPMS valve/sensors on the wheels, the TPMS will not fully function and the warning light on the combination meter will illuminate steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. When a tire is replaced, adjustments are necessary to ensure continued normal operation of the tire pressure monitoring system. As with wheel replacement, therefore, you should have the work performed by a SUBARU dealer. WARNING If the low tire pressure warning light does not illuminate briefly after the ignition switch is turned ON or the light illuminates steadily after blinking for approximately one minute, you should have your Tire Pressure Monitoring System checked at a SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. If this light illuminates while driving, never brake suddenly. Instead, perform the following procedure. Otherwise an accident involving serious vehicle damage and serious personal injury could occur. 1) Keep driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. 2) Slowly pull off the road to a safe place. If this light still illuminates while driving after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may have significant damage and a fast leak that causes the tire to lose air rapidly. If you have a flat tire, refer to “Flat tires” F9-4. When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel rim is replaced without the original pressure sensor/transmitter being transferred, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. This indicates the TPMS is unable to monitor all four road wheels. Contact your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible for tire and sensor replacement and/ or system resetting. If the light illuminates steadily after blinking for approximately one minute, promptly contact a SUBARU dealer to have the system inspected. & Tire inspection S11AV03 Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. Contact your SUBARU dealer immediately if you find any problem. NOTE . When the wheels and tires strike curbs or are subjected to harsh treatment as when the vehicle is driven on a rough surface, they can suffer damage that cannot be seen with the naked eye. This type of damage – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels 11-31 does not become evident until time has passed. Try not to drive over curbs, potholes or on other rough surfaces. If doing so is unavoidable, keep the vehicle’s speed down to a walking pace or less, and approach the curbs as squarely as possible. Also, make sure the tires are not pressed against the curb when you park the vehicle. . If you feel unusual vibration while driving or find it difficult to steer the vehicle in a straight line, one of the tires and/or wheels may be damaged. Drive slowly to the nearest authorized SUBARU dealer and have the vehicle inspected. & Tire pressures and wear S11AV04 Maintaining the correct tire pressures helps to maximize the tires’ service lives and is essential for good running performance. Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire (including the spare) at least once a month (for example, during a fuel stop) and before any long journey. Tire placard Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the values shown on the tire placard. The tire placard is located on the door pillar on the driver’s side. Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pressures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the outside temperature. It is best to check tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle. When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure. 11-32 Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels NOTE . The air pressure in a tire increases by approximately 4.3 psi (30 kPa, 0.3 kgf/cm2) when the tire becomes warm. . The tires are considered cold when you have parked the vehicle for at least three hours or have driven less than one mile (1.6 km). WARNING Do not let air out of warm tires to adjust pressure. Doing so will result in low tire pressure. Incorrect tire pressures detract from controllability and ride comfort, and they cause the tires to wear abnormally. . Correct tire pressure (tread worn evenly) Roadholding is good, and steering is responsive. Rolling resistance is low, so fuel consumption is also lower. . Under inflated tire (tread worn on shoulders) Rolling resistance is high, so fuel consumption is also higher. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels 11-33 . Over inflated tire (tread worn in the center) Ride comfort is poor. Also, the tire magnifies the effects of road-surface bumps and dips, possibly resulting in vehicle damage. If the tire placard shows tire pressures for the vehicle when fully loaded, adjust the tire pressures to the values that match the loading conditions. WARNING Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to deform severely and to rapidly heat up. A sharp increase in temperature could cause tread separation, and destruction of the tires. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. & Wheel balance S11AV05 Each wheel was correctly balanced when your vehicle was new, but the wheels will become unbalanced as the tires become worn during use. Wheel imbalance causes the steering wheel to vibrate slightly at certain vehicle speeds and detracts from the vehicle’s straight-line stability. It can also cause steering and suspension system problems and abnormal tire wear. If you suspect that the wheels are not correctly balanced, have them checked and adjusted by your SUBARU dealer. Also have them adjusted after tire repairs and after tire rotation. CAUTION Loss of correct wheel alignment causes the tires to wear on one side and reduces the vehicle’s running stability. Contact your SUBARU dealer if you notice abnormal tire wear. NOTE The suspension system is designed to hold each wheel at a certain alignment (relative to the other wheels and to the road) for optimum straight-line stability and cornering performance. 11-34 Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels & Wear indicators S11AV06 1) New tread 2) Worn tread 3) Tread wear indicator Each tire incorporates a tread wear indicator, which becomes visible when the depth of the tread grooves decreases to 0.063 in (1.6 mm). Replace the tire when the tread wear indicator appears as a solid band across the tread. WARNING When a tire’s tread wear indicator becomes visible, the tire is worn beyond the acceptable limit and you must replace it immediately. With a tire in this condition, driving at high speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. The resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident. NOTE For safety, inspect tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. & Rotational direction of tires S11AV11 Example of rotational direction marked on the sidewall 1) Front If the tires have specific rotational direction, refer to the arrow marked on the side wall. The arrow should be pointing forward when the wheels are fitted. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels 11-35 & Tire rotation S11AV07 Vehicles equipped with 4 nonunidirectional tires 1) Front Vehicles equipped with unidirectional tires 1) Front Tire wear varies from wheel to wheel. Move the tires to the positions shown in the illustration each time they are rotated. For the tire rotation schedule, refer to the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tires at the time of rotation. After tire rotation, adjust the tires pressures and make sure the wheel nuts are correctly tightened. After driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km), check the wheel nuts again and retighten any nut that has become loose. & Tire replacement S11AV08 The wheels and tires are important and integral parts of your vehicle’s design; they cannot be changed arbitrarily. The tires fitted as standard equipment are optimally matched to the characteristics of the vehicle and were selected to give the best possible combination of running performance, ride comfort, and service life. It is essential for every tire to have a size and construction matching those shown on the tire placard and to have a speed symbol and load index matching those shown on the tire placard. Using tires of a non-specified size detracts from controllability, ride comfort, braking performance, speedometer accuracy and odometer accuracy. It also creates incorrect body-to-tire clearances and inappropriately changes the vehicle’s ground clearance. All four tires must be the same in terms of manufacturer, brand (tread pattern), construction, and size. You are advised to replace the tires with new ones that are identical to those fitted as standard equip- 11-36 Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels ment. For safe vehicle operation, SUBARU recommends replacing all four tires at the same time. WARNING . When replacing or installing tire(s), all four tires must be the same for the following items. (a) Size (b) Circumference (c) Speed symbol (d) Load index (e) Construction (f) Manufacturer (g) Brand (tread pattern) (h) Degrees of wear For items (a) to (d), you must obey the specification that is printed on the tire placard. The tire placard is located on the driver’s door pillar. If all four tires are not the same in items (a) to (h), there is a possibility that it may lead to serious mechanical damage to the drive train of your car and affect the following factors. – Ride – Handling – Braking – Speedometer/Odometer calibration – Clearance between the body and the tires It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control, and it can lead to an accident. . Use only radial tires. Do not use radial tires together with belted bias tires and/or bias-ply tires. Doing so can dangerously reduce controllability, resulting in an accident. & Wheel replacement S11AV09 When replacing wheels due, for example, to damage, make sure the replacement wheels match the specifications of the wheels that are fitted as standard equipment. Replacement wheels are available from SUBARU dealers. WARNING Use only those wheels that are specified for your vehicle. Wheels not meeting specifications could interfere with brake caliper operation and may cause the tires to rub against the wheel well housing during turns. The resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. NOTE When any of the wheels are removed and replaced for tire rotation or to change a flat tire, always check the tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose, tighten it to the specified torque. Maintenance and service/Tires and wheels 11-37 Alloy wheels S11BM Alloy wheels can be scratched and damaged easily. Handle them carefully to maintain their appearance, performance, and safety. . When any of the wheels are removed and replaced for tire rotation or to change a flat tire, always check the tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose, tighten it to the specified torque. . Never apply oil to the threaded parts, wheel nuts, or tapered surface of the wheel. . Never let the wheel rub against sharp protrusions or curbs. . When wheel nuts, balance weights, or the center cap is replaced, be sure to replace them with genuine SUBARU parts designed for alloy wheels. Windshield washer fluid S11AX CAUTION Never use engine coolant as washer fluid because it could cause paint damage. Windshield washer fluid warning indicator When there is only a small amount of washer fluid remaining, the windshield washer fluid warning indicator will illuminate. When this occurs, refill the washer fluid as follows. Remove the washer tank filler cap, then add windshield washer fluid until it reaches the “FULL” mark on the tank. If windshield washer fluid is unavailable use clean water. In areas where water freezes in winter, use an anti-freeze type windshield washer fluid. SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid contains 58.5% methyl alcohol and 41.5% surfactant, by volume. Its freezing temperature varies according to how much it is diluted, as indicated in the following table. 11-38 Maintenance and service/Alloy wheels Washer Fluid Concentration Freezing Temperature 30% 10.48F (−128C) 50% −48F (−208C) 100% −498F (−458C) In order to prevent freezing of washer fluid, check the freezing temperatures in the table above when adjusting the fluid concentration to the outside temperature. If you fill the reservoir tank with a fluid with a different concentration from the one used previously, purge the old fluid from the piping between the reservoir tank and washer nozzles by operating the washer for a certain period of time. Otherwise, if the concentration of the fluid remaining in the piping is too low for the outside temperature, it may freeze and block the nozzles. CAUTION . Adjust the washer fluid concentration appropriately for the outside temperature. If the concentration is inappropriate, sprayed washer fluid may freeze on the windshield and obstruct your view, and the fluid may freeze in the reservoir tank. . State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive. Use washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging your vehicle’s paint, wiper blades or washer system. Replacement of wiper blades S11AZ Grease, wax, insects, or other material on the windshield or the wiper blade results in jerky wiper operation and streaking on the glass. If you cannot remove the streaks after operating the windshield washer or if the wiper operation is jerky, clean the outer surface of the windshield and the wiper blades using a sponge or soft cloth with a neutral detergent or mild-abrasive cleaner. After cleaning, rinse the windshield and wiper blades with clean water. The windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse the windshield with water. CAUTION . Do not clean the wiper blades with gasoline or a solvent, such as paint thinner or benzine. This will cause deterioration of the wiper blades. . When you are going to raise the passenger-side wiper arm, first raise the driver-side wiper arm. Otherwise, the passenger-side wiper assembly and driver-side wiper assembly will touch each other, possibly resulting in scratches. . Return the passenger-side wiper – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacement of wiper blades 11-39 arm to its original position before returning the driver-side wiper arm to its original position. Otherwise, the passenger-side wiper assembly and driver-side wiper assembly will touch each other, possibly resulting in scratches. . While removing the wiper blades from the wiper arms, do not return the wiper arms to the original positions. Otherwise, the windshield surface may be scratched. . When returning the raised wiper arms to the original positions, carefully return the wiper arms on the windshield by hand. You should not return the wiper arms to the windshield only by the return spring. Otherwise, the wiper arms may be deformed and/or the windshield surface may be scratched. If you cannot eliminate the streaking even after following this method, replace the wiper blades using the following procedures. & Windshield wiper blade assembly S11AZ01 1. Raise the wiper arm off the windshield. CAUTION Hold the wiper arm when replacing the wiper blade. Holding the wiper blade, may result in blade deformation. 1) Stopper 2. Remove the wiper blade assembly by holding its pivot area and pushing it in the direction shown by the arrow while depressing the wiper blade stopper. 3. Install the wiper blade assembly to the wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place. 4. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly lower it in position. 11-40 Maintenance and service/Replacement of wiper blades & Windshield wiper blade rubber S11AZ02 1) Metal support 1. Grasp the locked end of the blade rubber assembly and pull it firmly until the stoppers on the rubber are free of the metal support. 1) Metal spines 2. If the new blade rubber is not provided with two metal spines, remove the metal spines from the old blade rubber and install them in the new blade rubber. 3. Align the claws of the metal support with the grooves in the rubber and slide the blade rubber assembly into the metal support until it locks. 1) Stopper 4. Be sure to position the claws at the end of the metal support between the stoppers on the rubber as shown. If the rubber is not retained properly, the wiper blade may scratch the windshield. Maintenance and service/Replacement of wiper blades 11-41 Battery S11BA WARNING . Before beginning work on or near any battery, be sure to extinguish all cigarettes, matches, and lighters. Never expose a battery to an open flame or electric sparks. Batteries give off a gas which is highly flammable and explosive. . For safety, in case an explosion does occur, wear eye protection or shield your eyes when working near any battery. Never lean over a battery. . Do not let battery fluid contact eyes, skin, fabrics, or paint because battery fluid is a corrosive acid. If battery fluid gets on your skin or in your eyes, immediately flush the area with water thoroughly. Seek medical help immediately if acid has entered the eyes. If battery fluid is accidentally swallowed, immediately drink a large amount of milk or water, and seek medical attention immediately. . To lessen the risk of sparks, remove rings, metal watchbands, and other metal jewelry. Never allow metal tools to contact the positive battery terminal and anything connected to it WHILE you are at the same time in contact with any other metallic portion of the vehicle because a short circuit will result. . Keep everyone including children away from the battery. . Charge the battery in a wellventilated area. . Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Batteries also contain other chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer. Wash hands after handling. 1) Cap 2) Upper level 3) Lower level It is unnecessary to periodically check the battery fluid level or periodically refill with distilled water. However, if the battery fluid level is below the lower level, remove the cap. Fill to the upper level with distilled water. CAUTION Never use more than 10 amperes when charging the battery because it will shorten battery life. 11-42 Maintenance and service/Battery Fuses S11BB CAUTION Never replace a fuse with one having a higher rating or with material other than a fuse because serious damage or a fire could result. The fuses are designed to melt during an overload to prevent damage to the wiring harness and electrical equipment. The fuses are located in two fuse boxes. One is located under the instrument panel behind the fuse box cover on the driver’s seat side. To remove the cover, pull it out. 1) Spare fuses The other one (main fuse box) is housed in the engine compartment. Also, the spare fuses are stored in the fuse box cover. The fuse puller is stored in the main fuse box in the engine compartment. 1) Good 2) Blown If any lights, accessories or other electrical controls do not operate, inspect the corresponding fuse. If a fuse has blown, replace it. 1. Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”/ “OFF” position and turn off all electrical accessories. 2. Remove the cover. 3. Determine which fuse may be blown. Look at the back side of each fuse box cover and refer to “Fuses and circuits” F12-10. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Fuses 11-43 4. Pull out the fuse with the fuse puller. 5. Inspect the fuse. If it has blown, replace it with a spare fuse of the same rating. 6. If the same fuse blows again, this indicates that its system has a problem. Contact your SUBARU dealer for repairs. Installation of accessories S11BD Always consult your SUBARU dealer before installing fog lights or any other electrical equipment in your vehicle. Such accessories may cause the electronic system to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for the vehicle. Replacing bulbs S11BE WARNING Bulbs may become very hot while illuminated. Before replacing bulbs, turn off the lights and wait until the bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is a risk of sustaining a burn injury. CAUTION . Replace any bulb only with a new bulb of the specified wattage. Using a bulb of different wattage could result in a fire. For the specified wattage of each bulb, refer to “Bulb chart” F12-14. . Do not touch the glass portion of the light bulb with bare hands. When holding the glass portion is unavoidable, hold it using with a clean dry cloth to avoid getting moisture and grease on the bulb. If there is any fingerprints or grease on the bulb surface, wipe them away with a soft cloth moistened with alcohol. Also, if the bulb is scratched or dropped, it may blow out or crack. 11-44 Maintenance and service/Installation of accessories & Headlights (models with LED headlights) S11BE18 The LED headlight warning light illuminates if the LED headlights malfunction. Have your vehicle inspected at a SUBARU dealer as soon as possible. & High beam headlight (models without LED headlights) S11BE44 NOTE . If headlight aiming is required, consult your SUBARU dealer for proper adjustment of the headlight aim. . It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. Perform the following steps to replace the bulbs. Left-hand side 1. Left-hand side: Use a screwdriver to remove the secured clip of the washer tank. To make it easy to access the bulb, turn the neck of the washer fluid filler pipe as illustrated. Right-hand side Right-hand side: Use a screwdriver to undo the clips on the air intake duct, then remove the air intake duct. 2. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb as pushing the tab. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs 11-45 Left-hand side Right-hand side 3. Left-hand side: Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it counterclockwise. Right-hand side: Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it clockwise. 4. Replace the bulb with a new one. At this time, use care not to touch the bulb surface. 5. To install the bulb to the headlight assembly, turn it to the reverse direction until it clicks. 6. Reconnect the electrical connector. 7. Left-hand side: Set the washer fluid filler pipe to the original place and secure it by a clip. Right-hand side: Install the air intake duct with clips. & Low beam headlight*, front side marker light, parking light* and front turn signal light* S11BE45 *: models without LED headlights NOTE . If headlight aiming is required, consult your SUBARU dealer for proper adjustment of the headlight aim. . It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. 1. Start the engine and turn the steering wheel fully in the opposite direction of the bulb to be replaced. 2. Stop the engine. 3. Remove the clips from the mud guard. 4. Pull off the mud guard. 11-46 Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs ! Low beam headlight S11BE4501 1. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb as pushing the tab. 2. Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 3. Replace the bulb with a new one. At this time, use care not to touch the bulb surface. 4. To install the bulb to the headlight assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks. 5. Reconnect the electrical connector. 6. Reattach the mud guard. ! Front side marker light, parking light and front turn signal light S11BE4502 1) Front side marker light 2) Parking light – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs 11-47 3) Front turn signal light 1. Turn the socket counterclockwise and pull it out. 2. Pull out the bulb from the socket and replace the bulb with a new one. 3. After replacing the bulb, reattach the mud guard. & Front turn signal light (models with LED headlights) S11BE52 Left-hand side 1. Left-hand side: Use a screwdriver to remove the secured clip of the washer tank. To make it easy to access the bulb, turn the neck of the washer fluid filler pipe as illustrated. Right-hand side Right-hand side: Use a screwdriver to undo the clips on the air intake duct, then remove the air intake duct. 11-48 Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs 2. Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 3. Replace the bulb with a new one. At this time, use care not to touch the bulb surface. 4. To install the bulb to the headlight assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks. 5. Left-hand side: Set the washer fluid filler pipe to the original place and secure it with a clip. Right-hand side: Install the air intake duct with clips. & Front fog light (models with the LED front fog light) S11BE53 Have the front fog light assembly checked by your SUBARU dealer. & Front fog light (models without the LED front fog light) (if equipped) S11BE04 NOTE It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. 1. Remove the clips. 2. Turn over the mud guard. 3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb as pushing the tab. – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs 11-49 4. Remove the bulb by turning it counterclockwise. 5. Replace the bulb with a new one. 6. Reattach the mud guard. & Rear combination lights S11BE05 1. Remove the clips from the trunk trim with a flat-head screwdriver. 2. Open the rear portion of the trunk trim panel as illustrated. NOTE Make sure that the “*” part of the trunk trim in the illustration does not contact the trunk lid stay. If the “*” part is bent, the trunk trim may be torn. 1) Rear side marker light 2) Backup light 3) Rear turn signal light 3. Remove the bulb socket from the rear combination light assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 4. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket and replace it with a new one. 5. Set the bulb socket into the rear combination light assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 6. Secure the rear trunk trim panel with the clips. 11-50 Maintenance and service/Replacing bulbs NOTE When replacing a bulb of the rear side marker light, detach the bulb socket of the backup light in advance. After replacing the bulb, first attach the side marker light, and then attach the backup light. & License plate light S11BE07 1. Open the trunk and remove the clips from the trunk lid trim with a flat-head screwdriver. 2. Turn over the trunk lid trim. 3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and pull out the socket. 4. Pull the bulb out of the socket. 5. Install a new bulb. 6. Reinstall the bulb socket and the trunk lid trim. & Other bulbs S11BE29 It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU dealer if necessary. Replacing battery S11BK The access key fob/transmitter battery may be discharged under the following conditions. . The operation of the keyless access function is unstable . The operating distance of the remote keyless entry system is unstable . The transmitter does not operate properly when used within the standard distance Replace the battery with a new one. & Safety precautions S11BK04 CAUTION . Do not let dust, oil or water get on or in the access key fob/transmitter when replacing battery. . Before replacing the battery, remove any static electricity. . Be careful not to touch or damage the printed circuit board in the access key fob/transmitter when replacing the battery. . Be careful not to allow children to touch the battery and any removed parts; children could – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacing battery 11-51 swallow them. . There is a danger of an explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type of the battery. . Do not expose batteries to excessive heat such as bright sunlight, fire or the like. NOTE . Replace only with the same or equivalent type of battery recommended by the manufacturer. . Dispose of used batteries according to local laws. . Mount the battery in the correct orientation to prevent fluid leakage. Be careful not to bend the terminals. It may result in a malfunction. . It is recommended that the battery should be replaced by a SUBARU dealer. . Use a new battery. . After replacing the battery, confirm that the access key fob/transmitter functions properly. & Replacing battery of access key fob S11BK01 CAUTION When removing or reinstalling the access key fob cover, make sure that the plastic part does not come off or become misaligned. Battery: Button battery CR2032 or equivalent 1) Release button 2) Emergency key 1. Take out the emergency key. 2. Wrap a flat-head screwdriver with vinyl tape or a cloth, and insert it in the gap to remove the cover. 3. Take out the battery using a flat-head screwdriver with vinyl tape or a cloth. 11-52 Maintenance and service/Replacing battery 4. Insert a new battery with its positive (+) side facing upward as shown in the figure. 5. Attach the cover to the access key fob by fitting the projections and recesses together. 6. Reinstall the emergency key. & Replacing transmitter battery S11BK02 1. Open the key head using a flat-head screwdriver. 2. Remove the transmitter case from the key head. 3. Open the transmitter case by releasing the hooks. 1) Negative (−) side facing up 4. Replace the old battery with a new battery (type CR1620 or equivalent) making sure to install the new battery with the – CONTINUED – Maintenance and service/Replacing battery 11-53 negative (−) side facing up. 5. Put together the transmitter case by fitting the hooks on the case. 6. Reinstall the transmitter case in the key head. 7. Refit the removed half of the key head. After the battery is replaced, the transmitter must be synchronized with the remote keyless entry system’s control unit. Press either the “ ” or “ ” button six times to synchronize the unit. 11-54 Maintenance and service/Replacing battery S12 Specifications 12-2 Dimensions.12-2 Engine 12-3 Fuel 12-3 Engine oil .12-4 Manual transmission, front differential and rear differential gear oil12-6 Fluids .12-7 Engine coolant12-7 Electrical system 12-8 Tires. 12-8 Temporary spare tires. 12-9 Brake disc 12-9 Fuses and circuits 12-10 Fuse panel located in the passenger compartment . 12-10 Fuse panel located in the engine compartment . 12-12 Bulb chart 12-14 Vehicle identification 12-16 Specifications 12 Specifications S12AA These specifications are subject to change without notice. & Dimensions S12AA01 in (mm) Overall length 180.9 (4,595) Overall width 70.7 (1,795) Overall height 58.1 (1,475) Wheel base 104.3 (2,650) Tread Front 60.2 (1,530) Rear 60.6 (1,540) Ground clearance 4.9 (125) 12-2 Specifications/Specifications & Engine S12AA02 Model STI Except STI Engine model EJ25 (2.5 L, DOHC, turbo) FA20 (2.0 L, DOHC, turbo) Engine type Horizontally opposed, liquid cooled 4 cylinder, 4-stroke petrol engine Displacement cu-in (cc) 150 (2,457) 122 (1,998) Bore 6 Stroke in (mm) 3.92 6 3.11 (99.5 6 79.0) 3.39 6 3.39 (86.0 6 86.0) Compression ratio 8.2 : 1 10.6 : 1 Firing order 1 – 3 – 2 – 4 & Fuel S12AA08 NOTE The engine is designed to operate using unleaded gasoline. Model Fuel Fuel tank capacity STI 93 AKI (98 RON) or higher*1 15.9 US gal (60 liters, 13.2 Imp gal) Except STI 91 AKI (95 RON) or higher*2 *1: If unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 93 AKI (98 RON) is not available, unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91 AKI (95 RON) may be used with no detriment to engine durability or driveability. *2: If unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91 AKI (95 RON) is not available, unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI (90 RON) or higher may be used. – CONTINUED – Specifications/Specifications 12-3 & Engine oil S12AA12 For the checking, adding and replacing procedure or other details, refer to “Engine oil” F11-13. NOTE Have the procedure for changing the engine oil and oil filter performed by a properly-trained expert. It is recommended that you have this service performed by your SUBARU dealer. ! Approved engine oil S12AA1201 Always use the SUBARU approved engine oil. For further details, please contact your SUBARU dealer. If the approved engine oil is unavailable, use the alternative engine oil described on the next page. 12-4 Specifications/Specifications ! Alternative engine oil S12AA1202 If the SUBARU approved oil is unavailable, the following alternative oil can be used. NOTE . Each quantity indicated here is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. . In choosing an oil, you want the proper quality and viscosity, as well as one that will enhance fuel economy. Oils of lower viscosity provide better fuel economy. However, in hot weather, oil of higher viscosity is required to properly lubricate the engine. The following table lists the recommended viscosities and applicable temperatures. . When adding oil, you may use different brands together as long as they are the same API classification and SAE viscosity as those recommended by SUBARU. Oil grade SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature Engine oil capacity API (American Petroleum Institute) classification SN with the words “RESOURCE CONSERVING” or ILSAC (International Lubricant Specification Advisory Committee) GF-5, which can be identified with the ILSAC certification mark (Starburst mark) 5W-30 synthetic oil is the required oil for optimum engine performance and protection. Conventional oil may be used if synthetic oil is unavailable. *: If 5W-30 synthetic oil is not available, 5W-40 conventional oil may be used if replenishment is needed but should be changed to 5W-30 synthetic oil at the next oil change. STI: · Adding the oil from L to F level: 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) · Changing the oil and oil filter: 4.5 US qt (4.3 liters, 3.8 Imp qt) · Changing the oil: 4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt) Except STI: · Adding the oil from L to F level: 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) · Changing the oil and oil filter: 5.4 US qt (5.1 liters, 4.5 Imp qt) · Changing the oil: 5.2 US qt (4.9 liters, 4.3 Imp qt) – CONTINUED – Specifications/Specifications 12-5 & Manual transmission, front differential and rear differential gear oil S12AA13 Oil Manual transmission oil Front differential gear oil (CVT models) Rear differential gear oil Oil grade STI . API classification GL-5 (75W-90)*3 API classification GL-5 Except STI . SUBARU Extra MT*3 . API classification GL-5 (75W-90)*4 . SUBARU Extra MT*3 . API classification GL-5 (75W-90) SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature . 75W-90* . 90 *: recommended Oil capacity* 1 STI 4.3 US qt (4.1 liters, 3.6 Imp qt) 1.1 US qt (1.0 liter, 0.9 Imp qt) Except STI 3.5 US qt (3.3 liters, 2.9 Imp qt) 1.5 US qt (1.4 liters, 1.2 Imp qt) 0.8 US qt (0.8 liters, 0.7 Imp qt) Remarks*2 “Manual transmission oil”F11-21 “Front differential gear oil (CVT models) and rear differential gear oil” F11-22 “Front differential gear oil (CVT models) and rear differential gear oil” F11-22 *1: The indicated oil quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. Check the oil level after refilling the gearbox with oil. *2: For more details about maintenance and service, refer to the indicated section. *3: The vehicle is filled at the factory with this oil. *4: You may use this type of manual transmission oil. However, using this type of oil will detract from driveability and fuel efficiency. 12-6 Specifications/Specifications & Fluids S12AA10 Fluid Fluid type*1 Fluid capacity*2 Remarks*3 Continuously variable transmission fluid (CVT models) Consult your SUBARU dealer. 13.1 US qt (12.4 liters, 10.9 Imp qt) “Continuously variable transmission fluid” F11-22 Brake fluid FMVSS No. 116, DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid “Brake fluid” F11-23 Clutch fluid (MT models) FMVSS No. 116, DOT 3 or DOT 4 brake fluid “Clutch fluid (MT models)” F11- 24 Power steering fluid (STI) · SUBARU ATF · “Dexron III” Type Automatic Transmission Fluid · IDEMITSU ATF HP 0.7 US qt (0.7 liter, 0.6 Imp qt) “Power steering fluid (STI)” F11-22 *1: Use one of the indicated types of fluid. *2: The indicated fluid quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. *3: For more details about maintenance and service, refer to the indicated section. & Engine coolant S12AA11 Vehicle model Coolant capacity Coolant type STI 8.2 US qt (7.7 liters, 6.8 Imp qt) SUBARU Super Coolant Except STI MT models 8.6 US qt (8.1 liters, 7.2 Imp qt) CVT models 8.8 US qt (8.3 liters, 7.3 Imp qt) The indicated coolant quantity is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other factors. For more details about maintenance and service, refer to “Cooling system” F11-16. – CONTINUED – Specifications/Specifications 12-7 & Electrical system S12AA03 Battery type 75D23L Alternator STI 12V-110A Except STI 12V-130A Spark plugs STI ILFR7H (NGK) Except STI ILKAR8H6 (NGK) & Tires S12AA05 Tire size STI 245/40R18 97W 245/35R19 89W Except STI 235/45R17 94W 245/40R18 97W Wheel size 17 6 8J 18 6 8 1/2J 19 6 8 1/2J Pressure Front 33 psi (230 kPa, 2.3 kgf/cm2) Rear 32 psi (220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2) Wheel nut tightening torque 89 lbf·ft (120 N·m, 12 kgf·m)*1 *1: This torque is equivalent to applying approximately 88 to 110 lbf (40 to 50 kgf) at the end of the wheel nut wrench. If you have tightened the wheel nuts by yourself, have the tightening torque checked at the nearest automotive service facility as soon as possible. For the wheel nut tightening procedure, refer to “Changing a flat tire” F9-4. 12-8 Specifications/Specifications & Temporary spare tires S12AA15 Temporary spare tire size T145/70D17 T135/70D18 205/50R17 205/45R18 Temporary spare tire inflation pressure (recommended cold tire inflation pressure) 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm2) 33 psi (230 kPa, 2.3 kgf/cm2) 38 psi (260 kPa, 2.6 kgf/cm2) Wheel nut tightening torque 89 lbf·ft (120 N·m, 12 kgf·m)*1 *2 *1: This torque is equivalent to applying approximately 88 to 110 lbf (40 to 50 kgf) at the end of the wheel nut wrench. If you have tightened the wheel nuts by yourself, have the tightening torque checked at the nearest automotive service facility as soon as possible. *2: For the wheel nut tightening procedure, refer to “Changing a flat tire” F9-4. & Brake disc S12AA18 If you need information on the usage limit value of brake discs and the method for measuring them, consult your SUBARU dealer. Specifications/Specifications 12-9 Fuses and circuits S12AB & Fuse panel located in the passenger compartment S12AB01 Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 1 20A R.FOG TRAIL 2 7.5A METER IG 3 15A DOOR LOCK 4 10A IG2 5 Empty 6 7.5A MIR 7 15A UNIT+B 8 7.5A STOP 9 7.5A WIPER DEICE 10 7.5A D-OP+B 11 7.5A TURN IG 12 15A UNIT IG1 13 20A 12V PLUG 14 10A TAIL CLEARANCE 15 10A BKUP+B 16 7.5A ILM 17 15A SEAT HTR 18 10A LAMP IG 19 Empty 20 10A CIGAR 21 10A START 22 7.5A A/C IG 12-10 Specifications/Fuses and circuits Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 23 Empty 24 10A AUDIO NAVI 25 15A SRS AIR BAG 26 7.5A IG1 27 15A BLOWER 28 15A BLOWER 29 15A F.FOG 30 Empty 31 7.5A ACC 32 7.5A STR LOCK 33 7.5A UNIT IG2 – CONTINUED – Specifications/Fuses and circuits 12-11 & Fuse panel located in the engine compartment S12AB02 ! STI S12AB0201 A) Main fuse Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 1 30A ABS SOL 2 25A MAIN FAN 3 25A SUB FAN 4 Empty 5 25A AUDIO AMP 6 30A H/L LO 7 15A H/L HI 8 20A BACK UP 9 15A HORN 10 25A R.DEF 11 15A FUEL PI, P 12 10A (Transmission control unit) 13 7.5A EGI+B 14 15A HAZARD 15 15A LIGHTING 16 7.5A ALT-S 17 Empty 18 20A INJ 19 15A H/L LO RH 20 15A H/L LO LH 21 10A AIR CUT 22 7.5A (Telematics) 12-12 Specifications/Fuses and circuits ! Except STI S12AB0202 A) Main fuse Fuse panel Fuse rating Circuit 1 30A ABS SOL 2 25A MAIN FAN 3 25A SUB FAN 4 Empty 5 25A AUDIO AMP 6 30A H/L LO 7 15A H/L HI 8 20A BACK UP 9 15A HORN 10 25A R.DEF 11 15A FUEL PI, P 12 20A (Transmission control unit) 13 7.5A EGI+B 14 15A HAZARD 15 15A LIGHTING 16 7.5A ALT-S 17 Empty 18 20A INJ 19 15A H/L LO RH 20 15A H/L LO LH Specifications/Fuses and circuits 12-13 Bulb chart S12AC NOTE Lights indicated by letters are the LED (Light Emitting Diode) type. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement. 12-14 Specifications/Bulb chart Wattage Bulb No. 1) High beam headlight (models without LED headlights) 12V-60W HB3 2) Low beam headlight (models without LED headlights) 12V-55W H11 3) Parking light (models without LED headlights) 12V-5W W5W 4) Map light 12V-8W – 5) Dome light 12V-8W – 6) License plate light 12V-5W W5W 7) Trunk light 12V-5W W5W 8) Rear side marker light 12V-5W W5W 9) Backup light 12V-16W W16W 10) Rear turn signal light 12V-21W WY21W 11) Vanity mirror light 12V-2W – 12) Front side marker light 12V-5W W5W 13) Front fog light (models without LED fog lights) 12V-19W H16 14) Front turn signal light 12V-21W WY21W A) Low and high beam headlight (models with LED headlights) – – B) Parking light (models with LED headlights) – – C) Side turn signal light (if equipped) – – D) High-mounted stop light – – E) Stop light/Tail light – – F) Front fog light (models with LED fog lights) – – WARNING Bulbs may become very hot while illuminated. Before replacing bulbs, turn off the lights and wait until the bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is a risk of sustaining a burn injury. CAUTION Replace any bulb only with a new bulb of the specified wattage. Using a bulb of different wattage could result in a fire. Specifications/Bulb chart 12-15 Vehicle identification S12AD 1) Vehicle identification number (under the floor carpet of the right-hand front seat) 2) Emission control label 3) Tire inflation pressure label 4) Certification label 5) Vehicle identification number plate 6) Model number label 7) Fuel label 8) Air conditioner label 12-16 Specifications/Vehicle identification S13 For U.S.A. 13-2 Tire information. 13-2 Tire labeling13-2 Recommended tire inflation pressure 13-4 Glossary of tire terminology13-5 Tire care – maintenance and safety practices 13-10 Vehicle load limit – how to determine 13-10 Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle load capacities 13-13 Adverse safety consequences of overloading on handling and stopping and on tires. 13-14 Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit . 13-14 Uniform tire quality grading standards. 13-15 TREADWEAR 13-15 TRACTION AA, A, B, C 13-15 TEMPERATURE A, B, C. 13-15 Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) 13-16 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13 For U.S.A. S13AA The following information has been compiled according to Code of Federal Regulations “Title 49, Part 575”. Tire information S13AB & Tire labeling S13AB01 Many markings (e.g. Tire size, Tire Identification Number or TIN) are placed on the sidewall of a tire by tire manufacturers. These markings can provide you with useful information on the tire. ! Tire size S13AB0101 Your vehicle comes equipped with P-Metric tire size. It is important to understand the sizing system in selecting the proper tire for your vehicles. Here is a brief review of the tire sizing system with a breakdown of its individual elements. ! P Metric S13AB010101 With the P-Metric system, Section Width is measured in millimeters. To convert millimeters into inches, divide by 25.4. The Aspect Ratio (Section Height divided by Section Width) helps provide more dimensional information about the tire size. Example: (1) P = Certain tire type used on light duty vehicles such as passenger cars (2) Section Width in millimeters (3) Aspect Ratio (= section height 7 section width). (4) R = Radial Construction (5) Rim diameter in inches ! Load and Speed Rating Descriptions S13AB010102 The load and speed rating descriptions will appear following the size designation. They provide two important facts about the tire. First, the number designation is its load index. Second, the letter designation indicates the tire’s speed rating. 13-2 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/For U.S.A. Example: (6) Load Index: A numerical code which specifies the maximum load a tire can carry at the speed indicated by its speed symbol, at maximum inflation pressure. For example, “90” means 1,323 lbs (600 kg), “89” means 1,278 lbs (580 kg). WARNING Load indices apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load. (7) Speed Rating: An alphabetical system describing a tire’s capability to travel at established and predetermined speeds. For example, “V” means 149 mph (240 km/h) WARNING . Speed ratings apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a speed rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be operated at the tire’s rated speed. . The speed rating is void if the tires are worn out, damaged, repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered from their original condition. If tires are repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered, they may not be suitable for original equipment tire designed loads and speeds. ! Tire Identification Number (TIN) S13AB0102 Tire Identification Number (TIN) is marked on the intended outboard sidewall. The TIN is composed of four groups. Here is a brief review of the TIN with a breakdown of its individual elements. (1) Manufacturer’s Identification Mark (2) Tire Size (3) Tire Type Code (4) Date of Manufacture The first two figures identify the week, starting with “01” to represent the first full week of the calendar year; the second two figures represent the year. For example, 0101 means the 1st week of 2001. ! Other markings S13AB0103 The following makings are also placed on the sidewall. ! Maximum permissible inflation pressure S13AB010301 The maximum cold inflation pressure to which this tire may be inflated. For example, “300 kPa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS” – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-3 ! Maximum load rating S13AB010302 The load rating at the maximum permissible weight load for this tire. For example, “MAX. LOAD 580 kg (1279 LBS) @ 300 kPa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS.” WARNING Maximum load rating applies only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load. ! Construction type S13AB010303 Applicable construction of this tire. For example, “TUBELESS STEEL BELTED RADIAL” ! Construction S13AB010304 The generic name of each cord material used in the plies (both sidewall and tread area) of this tire. For example, “PLIES: TREAD 2 STEEL + 2 POLYESTER SIDEWALL 2 POLYESTER” ! Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) S13AB010305 For details, refer to “Uniform tire quality grading standards” F13-15. & Recommended tire inflation pressure S13AB02 ! Recommended cold tire inflation pressure S13AB0201 For recommended cold tire inflation pressure for your vehicle’s tires, refer to “Tires” F12-8. ! Vehicle placard S13AB0202 The vehicle placard is affixed to the driver’s side B-pillar. Example: The vehicle placard shows original tire size, recommended cold tire inflation pressure on each tire at maximum loaded vehicle weight, seating capacity and loading information. ! Adverse safety consequences of under-inflation S13AB0203 Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to flex severely and to rapidly become hot. A sharp in- 13-4 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information crease in temperature could cause tread separation, and failure of the tire(s). Possible resulting loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident. ! Measuring and adjusting air pressure to achieve proper inflation S13AB0204 Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire (including the spare) at least once a month and before any long journey. Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the specific values. Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pressures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the outside temperature. It is best to check tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle. When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure. & Glossary of tire terminology S13AB03 . Accessory weight The combined weight (in excess of those standard items which may be replaced) of automatic transmission, power steering, power brakes, power windows, power seats, radio, and heater, to the extent that these items are available as factory-installed equipment (whether installed or not). . Bead The part of the tire that is made of steel wires, wrapped or reinforced by ply cords and that is shaped to fit the rim. . Bead separation A breakdown of the bond between components in the bead. . Bias ply tire A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread. . Carcass The tire structure, except tread and sidewall rubber which, when inflated, bears the load. . Chunking The breaking away of pieces of the tread or sidewall. . Cold tire pressure The pressure in a tire that has been driven less than 1 mile or has been standing for three hours or more. . Cord The strands forming the plies in the tire. . Cord separation The parting of cords from adjacent rubber compounds. . Cracking Any parting within the tread, sidewall, or inner liner of the tire extending to cord material. . Curb weight The weight of a motor vehicle with standard equipment including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, and if so equipped, air conditioning and additional weight optional engine. – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-5 . Extra load tire A tire designed to operate at higher loads and higher inflation pressure than the corresponding standard tire. . Groove The space between two adjacent tread ribs. . Innerliner The layer(s) forming the inside surface of a tubeless tire that contains the inflating medium within the tire. . Innerliner separation The parting of the innerliner from cord material in the carcass. . Intended outboard sidewall (1) The sidewall that contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name molding that is higher or deeper than the same molding on the other sidewall of the tire, or (2) The outward facing sidewall of an asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that must always face outward when mounting on a vehicle. . Light truck (LT) tire A tire designated by its manufacturer as primarily intended for use on lightweight trucks or multipurpose passenger vehicles. . Load rating The maximum load that a tire is rated to carry for a given inflation pressure. . Maximum inflation pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated. . Maximum load rating The load rating for a tire at the maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire. . Maximum loaded vehicle weight The sum of: (a) Curb weight (b) Accessory weight (c) Vehicle capacity weight (d) Production options weight . Maximum permissible inflation pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated. . Measuring rim The rim on which a tire is fitted for physical dimension requirements. . Normal occupant weight 150 lbs (68 kg) times the number of occupants specified in the second column of Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section. . Occupant distribution Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as specified in the third column of Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section. . Open splice Any parting at any junction of tread, sidewall, or innerliner that extends to cord material. . Outer diameter The overall diameter of an inflated new tire. . Overall width The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, including elevations due to labeling, decorations, or protective bands or ribs. 13-6 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information . Passenger car tire A tire intended for use on passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks, that have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs (4,535 kg) or less. . Ply A layer of rubber-coated parallel cords. . Ply separation A parting of rubber compound between adjacent plies. . Pneumatic tire A mechanical device made of rubber, chemicals, fabric and steel or other materials, that, when mounted on an automotive wheel, provides the traction and contains the gas or fluid that sustains the load. . Production options weight The combined weight of those installed regular production options weighing over 5.1 lbs (2.3 kg) in excess of those standard items which they replace, not previously considered in curb weight or accessory weight, including heavy duty brakes, ride levelers, roof rack, heavy duty battery, and special trim. . Radial ply tire A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at substantially 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread. . Recommended inflation pressure The cold inflation pressure recommended by a vehicle manufacturer. . Reinforced tire A tire designed to operate at higher loads and at higher inflation pressures than the corresponding standard tire. . Rim A metal support for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated. . Rim diameter Nominal diameter of the bead seat. . Rim size designation Rim diameter and width. . Rim type designation The industry of manufacturer’s designation for a rim by style or code. . Rim width Nominal distance between rim flanges. . Section width The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, excluding elevations due to labeling, decoration, or protective bands. . Sidewall That portion of a tire between the tread and bead. . Sidewall separation The parting of the rubber compound from the cord material in the sidewall. . Snow tire A tire that attains a traction index equal to or greater than 110, compared to the ASTM E-1136 Standard Reference Test Tire, when using the snow traction test as described in ASTM F-1805-00, Standard Test Method for Single – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-7 Wheel Driving Traction in a Straight Line on Snow-and Ice-Covered Surfaces, and which is marked with an Alpine Symbol “ ” on at least one sidewall. . Test rim The rim on which a tire is fitted for testing, and it may be any rim listed as appropriate for use with that tire. . Tread That portion of a tire that comes into contact with the road. . Tread rib A tread section running circumferentially around a tire. . Tread separation Pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass. . Treadwear indicators (TWI) The projections within the principal grooves designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread. . Vehicle capacity weight The rated cargo and luggage load plus 150 lbs (68 kg) times the vehicle’s designated seating capacity. . Vehicle maximum load on the tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and dividing by two. . Vehicle normal load on the tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the curb weight, accessory weight, and normal occupant weight (distributed in accordance with Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section) and dividing by 2. . Wheel-holding fixture The fixture used to hold the wheel and tire assembly securely during testing. 13-8 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information Table 1 Occupant loading and distribution for vehicle normal load for various designated seating capacities Designated seating capacity, number of occupants Vehicle normal load, number of occupants Occupant distribution in a normally loaded vehicle 2 through 4 2 2 in front. 5 through 10 3 2 in front, 1 in second seat. 11 through 15 5 2 in front, 1 in second seat, 1 in third seat, 1 in fourth seat. 16 through 22 7 2 in front, 2 in second seat, 2 in third seat, 1 in fourth seat. – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-9 & Tire care – maintenance and safety practices S13AB04 . Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. . Inspect the tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. When a tire’s tread wear indicator becomes visible, the tire is worn beyond the acceptable limit and must be replaced immediately. With a tire in this condition, driving at even low speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. Possible resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident. . Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tires at the time of rotation. For information about the tire rotation order, refer to “Tire rotation” F11-36. After tire rotation, adjust the tire pressures and make sure the wheel nuts are correctly tightened. For information about the tightening torque and tightening sequence for the wheel nuts, refer to “Flat tires” F9-4. & Vehicle load limit – how to determine S13AB05 The load capacity of your vehicle is determined by weight, not by available cargo space. The load limit of your vehicle is shown on the vehicle placard attached to the driver’s side B-pillar. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s placard. The vehicle placard also shows seating capacity of your vehicle. The total load capacity includes the total weight of driver and all passengers and their belongings, any cargo, any optional equipment such as a roof rack or bike carrier, etc. Therefore cargo capacity can be calculated by the following method. Cargo capacity = Load limit − (total weight of occupants + total weight of optional equipment) For information about vehicle loading, refer to “Loading your vehicle” F8-11. CAUTION Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to be used for trailer towing. Therefore, never tow a trailer with your vehicle. 13-10 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information ! Calculating total and load capacities varying seating configurations S13AB0501 Calculate the available load capacity as shown in the following examples: Example 1A Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle placard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 900 lbs or 408 kg”. For example, if the vehicle has one occupant weighing 154 lbs (70 kg) plus cargo weighing 662 lbs (300 kg). 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity by subtracting the total weight from the vehicle capacity weight of 900 lbs (408 kg). 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 84 lbs (38 kg) of cargo can be carried. Example 1B For example, if a person weighing 176 lbs (80 kg) now enters the same vehicle (bringing the number of occupants to two), the calculations are as follows. 1. Calculate the total weight. – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-11 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 92 lbs (42 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 92 lbs (42 kg) or more. Example 2A CAUTION Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to be used for trailer towing. Therefore, never tow a trailer with your vehicle. Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 800 lbs (363 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle placard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 363 kg or 800 lbs”. For example, the vehicle has one occupant weighing 165 lbs (75 kg) plus cargo weighing 265 lbs (120 kg). In addition, the vehicle is fitted with a trailer hitch weighing 22 lbs (10 kg), to which is attached a trailer weighing 1,764 lbs (800 kg). 10% of the trailer weight is applied to the trailer tongue (i.e. Tongue load = 176 lbs (80 kg)). 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 172 lbs (78 kg) of cargo can be carried. 13-12 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information Example 2B CAUTION Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to be used for trailer towing. Therefore, never tow a trailer with your vehicle. For example, if a person weighing 143 lbs (65 kg) and a child weighing 40 lbs (18 kg) now enter the same vehicle (bringing the number of occupants to three), and a child restraint system weighing 11 lbs (5 kg) is installed in the vehicle for the child to use, the calculations are as follows: 1. Calculate the total weight. 2. Calculate the available load capacity. 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 22 lbs (10 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 22 lbs (10 kg) or more. & Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle load capacities S13AB06 The sum of four tires’ maximum load ratings must exceed the maximum loaded vehicle weight (“GVWR”). In addition, sum of the maximum load ratings of two front tires and of two rear tires must exceed each axle’s maximum loaded capacity (“GAWR”). Original equipment tires are designed to fulfill those conditions. The maximum loaded vehicle weight is referred to Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). And each axle’s maximum loaded capacity is referred to Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The GVWR and each axle’s GAWR are shown on the vehicle certification label affixed to the driver’s door. The GVWR and front and rear GAWRs are determined by not only the maximum load rating of tires but – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information 13-13 also loaded capacities of the vehicle’s suspension, axles and other parts of the body. Therefore, this means that the vehicle cannot necessarily be loaded up to the tire’s maximum load rating on the tire sidewall. & Adverse safety consequences of overloading on handling and stopping and on tires S13AB07 Overloading could affect vehicle handling, stopping distance, and vehicle and tire performance in the following ways. This could lead to an accident and possibly result in severe personal injury. . Vehicle stability will deteriorate. . Heavy and/or high-mounted loads could increase the risk of rollover. . Stopping distance will increase. . Brakes could overheat and fail. . Suspension, bearings, axles and other body parts could break or experience accelerated wear that will shorten vehicle life. . Tires could fail. . Tread separation could occur. . Tire could separate from its rim. & Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit S13AB08 1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs.” on your vehicle’s placard. 2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle. 3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs. 4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 − 750 (5 6 150) = 650 lbs.) 5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4. 6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle. 13-14 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Tire information Uniform tire quality grading standards S13AC This information indicates the relative performance of passenger car tires in the area of treadwear, traction, and temperature resistance. This is to aid the consumer in making an informed choice in the purchase of tires. Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example: TREADWEAR 200 TRACTION AA TEMPERATURE A The quality grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. However, they do not apply to deep tread, winter type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 12 inches or less, or to some limited production tires. All passenger car tires must conform to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades. & TREADWEAR S13AC02 The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one-half (1- 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate. & TRACTION AA, A, B, C S13AC03 The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. WARNING The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on straightahead braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics. & TEMPERATURE A, B, C S13AC04 The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The – CONTINUED – Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Uniform tire quality grading standards 13-15 grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. WARNING The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure. Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) S13AH If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Subaru of America, Inc. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Subaru of America, Inc. To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1- 888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424- 9153); go to http://www.safercar. gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar. gov. 13-16 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects/Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) Index 14 14-2 Index A Abbreviation . 3 ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) . 7-35 Warning light . 3-20 Access key fob 2-8 Warning light . 3-28, 3-29 Accessories . 11-44 Accessory power outlet 6-8 Air cleaner element . 11-18 Air conditioner Automatic climate control 4-5 Manual climate control 4-6 Air flow mode 4-6 All-Wheel Drive warning light. 3-25 Alloy wheel 11-38 Cleaning . 10-4 Antenna Roof antenna (for Shark fin type). 5-2 Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) . 7-35 Armrest 1-12 Ashtray. 6-9 AT OIL TEMP warning light . 3-18 Audio Antenna system. 5-2 Auto dimmer cancel function . 3-73 Auto Vehicle Hold function ON indicator light . 3-24 Operation indicator light 3-24 Auto-dimming mirror/compass . 3-77, 3-78 Automatic headlight beam leveler 3-73 Warning light . 3-35 Automatic Locking Retractor/Emergency Locking Retractor (ALR/ELR) 1-13 Automatic transmission Oil temperature warning light (AT OIL TEMP) 3-18 B Battery 11-42 Drainage prevention function 2-6 Jump starting 9-9 Replacement (access key fob) . 11-52 Replacement (keyless access with push-button start system) 2-16, 11-52 Replacement (remote keyless entry system) 2-21, 11-53 Replacement (transmitter) . 11-53 Booster seat 1-29 Bottle holder . 6-7 Brake Assist 7-33 Booster . 7-33, 11-25 Disc 12-9 Fluid . 11-23, 12-7 Pad 11-28 Parking . 7-42, 7-43, 11-29 Pedal 11-26 System . 7-33 Brake pedal Free play. 11-26 Reserve distance . 11-26 Brake system. 7-33 Warning light . 3-21 Braking . 7-33 Tips 7-33 Breaking-in of new brake pads . 11-28 BSD/RCTA 7-57 BSD/RCTA approach indicator light/warning buzzer . 7-61 BSD/RCTA OFF indicator . 7-62 BSD/RCTA OFF switch. 7-63 BSD/RCTA warning indicator. 7-63 Bulb Chart 12-14 Replacing 11-44 C Catalytic converter . 8-3 Center Console 6-5 Changing Coolant 11-18 Flat tire. 9-4 Oil and oil filter . 11-15 Charge warning light 3-17 CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator light. 3-16 Checking Brake pedal free play 11-26 Brake pedal reserve distance . 11-26 Clutch function . 11-27 Clutch pedal free play . 11-27 Coolant level 11-17 Fluid level (brake fluid) 11-23 Fluid level (clutch fluid) 11-24 Fluid level (power steering fluid) . 11-22 Fluid level (washer fluid) . 11-38 Oil level (engine oil) 11-13 Child restraint systems 1-21 Installation of a booster seat 1-29 Installation with ALR/ELR seatbelt 1-25 Lower and tether anchorages 1-30 Top tether anchorages 1-32 Child safety . 5 Locks 2-31 Chime Light . 3-65 Seatbelt 3-14 Cigarette lighter 6-9 Cleaning Alloy wheels 10-4 Interior 10-5 Steering wheel with ultrasuede® covering 10-7 Ventilation grille. 4-9 Climate control system. 4-3 Automatic . 4-5 Manual. 4-6 Clock . 3-44, 3-64 Clutch Fluid . 11-24, 12-7 Pedal 11-27 Coat hook . 6-11 Combination meter display (color LCD). 3-38 Compass 3-77, 3-78 Console . 6-5 Continuously variable transmission (CVT) . 7-23 Fluid . 11-22 Index 14-3 14-4 Index Coolant. 11-17, 12-7 Cooling system. 11-16 Corrosion protection. 10-4 Cruise control 7-53 Indicator light. 3-35 Set indicator light . 3-35 Cup holder 6-5 Front passenger’s 6-5 Rear passenger’s 6-7 D Daytime running light system 3-70 Defogger 3-86 Defrosting . 4-9 Deicer 3-86 Differential gear oil Front 11-22, 12-6 Rear. 11-22, 12-6 Dimensions . 12-2 Disc brake pad wear warning indicators . 7-34 Dome light 6-2 Door Locks . 2-4 Open warning light. 3-25 Double trip meter . 3-9 Drive belts . 11-20 Driver’s Control Center Differential. 7-18 Auto indicator light . 3-36 Indicator light. 3-36 Driving All-Wheel Drive warning light. 3-25 AWD vehicles . 8-5 Car phone/cell phone 8 Drinking 6 Drugs 7 Foreign countries 8-4 Pets 8 Snowy and icy roads . 8-8 Tips 7-18, 7-28, 8-2, 8-5 Tired or sleepy. 7 Winter 8-6 E ECO gauge . 3-12 Electrical system 12-8 Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD) system 3-22, 7-36 Electronic parking brake 7-43 Automatic release function by accelerator pedal 7-45 Warning . 3-22, 7-45 Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR). 1-13 Engine Compartment overview . 11-11 Coolant . 11-17, 12-7 Exhaust gas (carbon monoxide). 6, 8-2 Hood 11-9 Low oil level warning light . 3-17 Oil 11-13, 12-4 Overheating. 9-11 Starting & stopping 7-9 Event data recorder 9 Exterior care 10-2 F Flat tires . 9-4 Floor mat 6-10 Fluid level Brake 11-23 Clutch 11-24 Continuously variable transmission . 11-22 Power steering . 11-22 Fog light . 3-73 Bulb 11-49, 12-14 Indicator light. 3-35 Switch 3-73 Front Differential gear oil. 11-22, 12-6 Fog light . 3-73, 11-49 Fog light indicator light . 3-35 Seatbelt pretensioners 1-17 Front fog light 3-73 Switch 3-73 Front seats 1-2 Forward and backward adjustment 1-4 Head restraint adjustment . 1-5 Power seat 1-5 Reclining 1-4 Seat height adjustment (driver’s seat) 1-4 Fuel . 7-3 Consumption indicator 3-47, 3-48 Economy hints. 8-2 Filler lid and cap 7-5 Gauge 3-10 Requirements 7-3, 12-3 Fuses . 11-43 Fuses and circuits 12-10 G GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) 8-12 Glove box. 6-5 GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) 8-12 H Hazard warning flasher 3-8, 9-2 Head restraint adjustment Front seat. 1-5 Rear seat . 1-8 Headlight Beam leveler . 3-73 Bulb replacement . 11-45 Bulb replacing 11-45 Bulb wattage 12-14 Control switch 3-65 Flasher . 3-70 Indicator light . 3-36 OFF delay function . 3-66 OFF delay setting. 3-66 Welcome lighting function 3-66 High Beam Assist function Indicator light . 3-35 Warning indicator . 3-35 High beam assist function . 3-67 Indicator light . 3-35 Warning indicator . 3-35 High beam assist warning indicator 3-35 Index 14-5 14-6 Index High beam indicator light 3-35 High/low beam change (dimmer) . 3-67 Hill start assist. 7-50, 11-27 OFF indicator light . 3-24 To activate/deactivate . 7-52 Warning light . 3-24 HomeLink® 3-78 Hook Coat. 6-11 Towing and tie-down 9-12 Horn. 3-88 Hose and connections. 11-17 I Ignition switch . 3-4 Illumination brightness control . 3-72 Immobilizer Indicator light (security indicator light). 3-33 Indicator light Auto Vehicle Hold ON 3-24 Auto Vehicle Hold operation 3-24 BSD/RCTA OFF 3-37 BSD/RCTA warning 3-37 Cruise control 3-35 Cruise control set. 3-35 Driver’s Control Center Differential. 3-36 Driver’s Control Center Differential Auto . 3-36 Front fog light 3-35 Headlight 3-36 High beam 3-35 High Beam Assist 3-35 High beam assist . 3-35 High beam assist warning . 3-35 Hill start assist OFF 3-24 Immobilizer 3-33 REV . 3-37 Security. 3-33 Select lever/Gear position . 3-34 Shift-up . 3-34 SI-DRIVE 3-34 Traction control OFF. 3-27 Turn signal 3-35 Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF 3-27 Vehicle Dynamics Control operation 3-26, 3-27 Inside mirror 3-77 Interior lights. 6-2 Internal trunk lid release handle . 2-37 J Jack-up point 9-4 Jump starting 9-9 K Key 2-2 Number 2-3 Keyless access with push-button start system 2-8 Disabling keyless access functions. 2-14 Locking and unlocking doors . 2-11 Opening trunk 2-11 Warning chimes and warning light . 2-14, 3-28 When access key does not operate properly . 2-16 When access key fob does not operate properly 9-17 L Leather seat materials 10-5 LED headlights . 11-45 License plate light. 11-51 Light Control switch . 3-65 Daytime running 3-70 Dome . 6-2 Front fog. 3-73, 11-49 Front position 3-65, 3-73 Front side marker 12-14 License plate 11-51 Map . 6-2 Rear combination 11-50 Rear side marker light . 11-50 Stop light . 11-50 Tail light . 11-50 Turn signal 3-72, 11-50 Limited slip differential (LSD). 7-31 Loading your vehicle 8-11 Low fuel warning light. 3-24 Low tire pressure warning light 3-19 Lower and tether anchorage . 1-30 LSD (Limited slip differential). 7-31 M Maintenance Precautions. 11-3 Schedule 11-3 Seatbelt 1-17 Tips 11-6 Tools 9-3 Malfunction indicator light (check engine warning light) . 3-16 Manual Climate control 4-5, 4-6 Mode (continuously variable transmission) 7-25 Seat 1-4 Transmission . 7-16 Transmission oil . 11-21, 12-6 Map light 6-2 Meters and gauges 3-8 Mirror defogger 3-86 Mirrors 3-77 Moonroof 2-38, 9-19 Multi-function display (color LCD) . 3-44 N New vehicle break-in driving . 8-2 O Odometer . 3-9 Oil filter . 11-15 Oil level Engine 11-13 Front differential gear 11-22 Manual transmission. 11-21 Rear differential gear 11-22 Warning light . 3-17 Oil pressure warning light 3-17 Outside Mirror defogger 3-86 Mirrors 3-85 Index 14-7 14-8 Index Overheating engine 9-11 P Parking Brake . 7-42, 7-43 Brake stroke. 11-29 Tips 7-46 Periodic inspections . 8-4 Petrol fuel . 7-3 PIN code Access . 2-12 Power Door locking switch 2-7 Outlets . 6-8 Outside mirrors 3-85, 3-86 Seat . 1-5 Steering 7-31 Steering fluid . 11-22, 12-7 Steering warning light. 3-25 Precautions against vehicle modification. 1-21, 1-64 Preparing to drive 7-8 Push-button Ignition switch . 3-4 Starting and stopping engine. 7-9 R Rear Combination lights 11-50 Differential gear oil. 11-22, 12-6 Limited slip differential 7-31 Turn signal light 11-50 Rear differential Oil temperature warning light . 3-18 Rear seat . 1-8 Armrest . 1-12 Folding down . 1-10 Head restraint adjustment 1-8 Rear view camera 6-12 Rear window Defogger . 3-86 Recommended Brake fluid . 12-7 Clutch fluid 11-24, 12-7 Engine oil 12-4 Front differential gear oil . 12-6 Manual transmission oil. 12-6 Power steering fluid 12-7 Rear differential gear oil 12-6 Spark plugs . 12-8 Refueling 7-5 Remote keyless entry system 2-18 Replacement Access key fob battery 11-52 Brake pad and lining. 11-28 Wiper blades . 11-39 Replacing Access key fob battery 11-52 Air cleaner element 11-19 Battery of access key fob 11-52 Lost transmitters (remote keyless entry system). 2-21 Remote keyless entry transmitter battery. 11-53 Replacing bulbs 11-44, 12-14 Front fog light. 11-49 Front side marker light. 11-47 Front turn signal light 11-47, 11-48 Headlight . 11-45 LED headlight 11-45 License plate light. 11-51 Parking light . 11-47 Rear combination light. 11-50 Rear side marker light . 11-50 Rear turn signal light . 11-50 REV indicator light and buzzer 3-12 Reverse Automatic Braking System . 7-66 Rocking the vehicle 8-10 Roof molding and crossbar . 8-13 S Safety Precautions when driving. 4 Symbol 3 Warnings . 2 Seat Fabric. 10-5 Front 1-2 Heater 1-7 Height adjustment 1-4 Power. 1-5 Rear. 1-8 Seatbelt 4, 1-12 Fastening 1-14 Maintenance . 1-17 Pretensioners 1-17 Safety tips . 1-12 Warning light and chime 3-14 Security Indicator light . 3-33 Select lever Position indicator 3-34 Shift lock function . 7-27 Shift-up indicator light . 3-34 SI-DRIVE Indicator light . 3-34 SI-DRIVE mode . 7-28 Snow tires . 8-9, 11-30 Snowy and icy roads . 8-8 Sounding a panic alarm 2-20 Spark plugs . 11-20, 12-8 Specifications 12-2 Speedometer 3-9 SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag) . 4, 1-33 SRS airbag system Monitors 1-62 Servicing . 1-63 Warning light . 3-15 Starting & stopping engine . 7-9 State emission testing (U.S. only) 7-7 Steering Responsive Headlight 3-71 Steering wheel Power . 7-31 Tilt/telescopic . 3-87 Stop light. 11-50 Index 14-9 14-10 Index Storage compartment . 6-4 Sun shade 2-40 Sun visors. 6-3 Supplemental Restraint System airbag (SRS) . 1-33 Synthetic leather upholstery 10-6 T Tachometer . 3-10 Temperature gauge 3-11 Temperature warning light AT OIL TEMP 3-18 Rear differential oil. 3-18 Temporary spare tire 9-2, 12-9 Tether (child restraint system) . 1-30, 1-32 Tie-down hooks . 9-12 Tire 11-29, 12-8 Chains 8-10 Inspection 11-31 Pressures and wear 11-32 Replacement 11-36 Rotation. 11-36 Size and pressure 12-8 Types 11-29 Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) 7-40, 9-8, 11-30 Warning light . 3-19 Tires and wheels 11-29 Tools 9-3 Top tether anchorages 1-30, 1-32 Towing 9-12 All wheels on the ground 9-16 Flat-bed truck 9-15 Hooks . 9-12 Trailer Towing 8-14 Trip meter. 3-9 Trunk lid 2-36 Release handle 2-37 Turn signal Indicator lights . 3-35 Lever 3-72 U Under-floor storage compartment . 6-11 V Vanity mirror . 6-4 Vehicle Capacity weight . 8-12 Identification 12-16 Symbols 4 Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF indicator light 3-27 OFF switch 7-39 Operation indicator light . 3-26, 3-27 System . 7-37 Warning light . 3-26 Ventilator 4-2 W Warning and indicator lights. 3-13 Warning chimes Keyless access with push-button start system . 3-28 Warning light ABS . 3-20 Access key . 3-28, 3-29 All-Wheel Drive 3-25 AT OIL TEMP 3-18 Automatic headlight beam leveler 3-35 Brake system 3-21 Charge . 3-17 CHECK ENGINE . 3-16 Door open. 3-25 Driver’s Control Center Differential. 3-37 Engine low oil level 3-17 High beam assist . 3-35 High Beam Assist warning 3-35 Hill start assist. 3-24 Keyless access with push-button start system. 3-28 Low fuel 3-24 Low tire pressure . 3-19 Oil pressure 3-17 Power steering 3-25 Rear differential oil temperature. 3-18 Seatbelt 3-14 SRS airbag system 3-15 Steering Responsive Headlight 3-37 Vehicle Dynamics Control . 3-26 Windshield washer fluid 3-18 Warranties . 1 Washing . 10-2 Waxing and polishing . 10-3 Wear indicators 11-35 Welcome lighting function . 3-66 Wheel Alloy . 11-38 Balance. 11-34 Nut tightening torque . 9-4, 12-8, 12-9 Replacement . 11-37 Windows . 2-31 Windshield Washer fluid 11-38 Wiper and washer switches . 3-75 Wiper blades . 11-40 Wiper deicer 3-86 Winter Driving . 8-6 Tires . 8-9, 11-30 Wiper and washer 3-74 Wiper deicer 3-86 Index 14-11 GAS STATION REFERENCE S99AA & Fuel: S99AA01 ! STI S99AA0106 The engine is designed to operate at maximum performance using unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 93 AKI (98 RON) or higher. If 93 AKI (98 RON) fuel is not readily available in your area, unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91 AKI (95 RON) may be used with no detriment to engine durability or driveability. However, you may notice a slight decrease in maximum engine performance while using 91 AKI (95 RON) fuel. Use of 91 AKI (95 RON) fuel will not affect your warranty coverage. ! Except STI S99AA0108 Use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91 AKI (95 RON) or higher. If 91 AKI (95 RON) fuel is not readily available, unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI (90 RON) may be used. & Fuel octane rating: S99AA02 ! AKI S99AA0202 This octane rating is the average of the Research Octane and Motor Octane numbers and is commonly referred to as the Anti Knock Index (AKI). ! RON S99AA0201 This octane rating is the Research Octane Number. & Fuel tank capacity: S99AA03 15.9 US gal (60 liters, 13.2 Imp gal) & Engine oil: S99AA04 Use only the following oils. . ILSAC GF-5, which can be identified with the ILSAC certification mark (Starburst mark) . or API classification SN with the words “RESOURCE CONSERVING” For the complete viscosity requirements, refer to “Engine oil” F12-4. & Engine oil capacity: S99AA05 ! STI S99AA0501 4.5 US qt (4.3 liters, 3.8 Imp qt) ! Except STI S99AA0502 5.4 US qt (5.1 liters, 4.5 Imp qt) The indicated oil quantity is only a guideline and is estimated based on a case when the engine oil is changed with an oil filter. Check the oil level using an oil level gauge after refilling the engine with oil. For more details about maintenance and service, refer to “Engine oil” F11-13. & Cold tire pressure: S99AA06 Refer to “Tires” F12-8.