July 21, 2022 NHTSA CAMPAIGN NUMBER: 22V522000
Inoperative backup lights and an inoperative rearview camera can reduce vehicle visibility and driver awareness, increasing the risk of a crash.
NHTSA Campaign Number: 22V522
Manufacturer Subaru of America, Inc.
Components EXTERIOR LIGHTING
Potential Number of Units Affected 59,934
Subaru of America, Inc. (Subaru) is recalling certain 2015-2021 WRX vehicles. The backup light switch may corrode and become inoperative, which can result in the backup lights not illuminating and the rearview camera image not displaying when the vehicle is in reverse.
Dealers will inspect and replace the backup light switch, as necessary, free of charge. Owner notification letters are expected to be mailed September 19, 2022. Owners may contact Subaru’s customer service at 1-844-373-6614. Subaru’s number for this recall is WRE-22.
Owners may also contact the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Vehicle Safety Hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY 1-800-424-9153), or go to www.nhtsa.gov.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DEFECT AND SAFETY RISK
The operating environment of the backup lamp switch may expose the internal switch contacts to heated oil. When heated, sulfur in the oil may cause a chemical reaction with the materials used on the switch terminal contact surfaces and plate spring. This chemical reaction may cause corrosion and a non-conductive film to form on the contacts resulting in poor electrical conductivity.
Over time, the backup lamp switch may become inoperative which may result in the backup lamps not illuminating when in reverse gear, the rear-view camera (if equipped) not displaying an image, and the select lever/gear position indicator in the combination meter not displaying ‘R’ for reverse gear.
If the backup lamps do not illuminate when the vehicle is in reverse gear, this may reduce the awareness of other motorists or road users of the driver’s intention to operate the vehicle in reverse, increasing the risk of a crash. Additionally, a rear-view camera (if equipped) that does not display an image can reduce the driver’s view of what is behind the vehicle, increasing the risk of a crash.
For all potentially affected vehicles, Subaru retailers will conduct an inspection and replace the backup lamp switch with improved one, if necessary, at no cost to the customer.
|Model Year||Carline||Production Date Range|
|2015-2021||WRX STI||November 14, 2013 – October 21, 2021|
Not all vehicles in the production range listed above are affected by this recall. Coverage must be confirmed by using the Vehicle Coverage Inquiry function on subarunet.com prior to repair.
October 2019 – Subaru received the first field report from the U.S. market
February 2020 – Subaru identified a non-conductive film that builds up on the terminal contact surfaces and plate spring surfaces, when exposed to heated oil, resulting in electrical failure of the switch. Test results indicated that this condition could only be achieved under excessive or abusive driving conditions.
March 2021 – Subaru identified an unexpected increase in field reports from another market and determined that further investigation was required.
September 2021 – Based on additional testing, Subaru found that the non-conductive film can build up at a slightly lower temperature than originally determined when continuously exposed to the heated oil over extended driving periods.
July 14, 2022 – Subaru is aware of only one technical report and 0 VOQs in the U.S. market. Subaru is not aware of any crashes or injuries resulting from this condition. Out of an abundance of caution, Subaru decided to conduct a voluntary safety recall.
7 Affected Products
7 Associated Documents
Subaru – Subarunet Announcement – July 2022RCMN-22V522-5270
Defect Notice 573 ReportRCLRPT-22V522-7817
Subaru – Subarunet Announcement – August 2022
Subaru – Tool Kit Notification – August 2022RCMN-22V522-8011
Remedy Instructions and TSBRCRIT-22V522-7930
ISSUED Owner Notification Letter(Part 577)
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NHTSA ID Number: 10216994
Manufacturer Communication Number: SubaruNet Announ
1 Associated Document
Date: July 25, 2022
New Safety Recall: WRE-22 Backup lamp switch failure